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Acta Crystallogr Sect E Struct Rep Online. 2008 December 1; 64(Pt 12): o2324.
Published online 2008 November 13. doi:  10.1107/S1600536808036258
PMCID: PMC2959998

1-(2-Hydr­oxy-3,4-dimethoxy­phen­yl)-2-(4-methoxy­phen­yl)ethanone

Abstract

In the title compound, C17H18O5, the pyrogallol group is almost coplanar with the mean plane of the attached carbonyl group [dihedral angle of 1.95 (13)°] and makes a dihedral angle of 56.01 (10)° with the other benzene ring. Of the three meth­oxy groups, only one is significantly twisted relative to its attached benzene ring [C—O—C—C torsion angles of 4.0 (5), 3.9 (6) and −106.3 (4)°]. Intra­molecular O—H(...)O and C—H(...)O hydrogen bonds help to establish the conformation, and the packing is consolidated by C—H(...)O inter­actions and π–π stacking interactions [centroid–centroid separation = 3.735 (2) Å].

Related literature

For background on the properties of deoxy­benzoins, see: Kiuchi et al. (1990 [triangle]); Li et al. (2008 [triangle]); Niwa et al. (1999 [triangle]); Papoutsi et al. (2007 [triangle]); Parmar et al. (1996 [triangle]); Sanduja et al. (1985 [triangle]); Xiao et al. (2008 [triangle]); Xiao, Fang et al. (2007 [triangle]); Xiao, Shi et al. (2007 [triangle]).

An external file that holds a picture, illustration, etc.
Object name is e-64-o2324-scheme1.jpg

Experimental

Crystal data

  • C17H18O5
  • M r = 302.31
  • Monoclinic, An external file that holds a picture, illustration, etc.
Object name is e-64-o2324-efi1.jpg
  • a = 14.431 (3) Å
  • b = 14.073 (3) Å
  • c = 7.4610 (15) Å
  • β = 92.86 (3)°
  • V = 1513.3 (5) Å3
  • Z = 4
  • Mo Kα radiation
  • μ = 0.10 mm−1
  • T = 293 (2) K
  • 0.30 × 0.30 × 0.30 mm

Data collection

  • Enraf–Nonius CAD-4 diffractometer
  • Absorption correction: ψ scan (North et al., 1968 [triangle]) T min = 0.971, T max = 0.971
  • 2893 measured reflections
  • 2667 independent reflections
  • 1543 reflections with I > 2σ(I)
  • R int = 0.059

Refinement

  • R[F 2 > 2σ(F 2)] = 0.071
  • wR(F 2) = 0.215
  • S = 1.03
  • 2667 reflections
  • 206 parameters
  • H atoms treated by a mixture of independent and constrained refinement
  • Δρmax = 0.28 e Å−3
  • Δρmin = −0.35 e Å−3

Data collection: CAD-4 Software (Enraf–Nonius, 1989 [triangle]); cell refinement: CAD-4 Software; data reduction: XCAD4 (Harms & Wocadlo, 1995 [triangle]); program(s) used to solve structure: SHELXS97 (Sheldrick, 2008 [triangle]); program(s) used to refine structure: SHELXL97 (Sheldrick, 2008 [triangle]); molecular graphics: SHELXTL (Sheldrick, 2008 [triangle]); software used to prepare material for publication: SHELXTL.

Table 1
Hydrogen-bond geometry (Å, °)

Supplementary Material

Crystal structure: contains datablocks global, I. DOI: 10.1107/S1600536808036258/hb2823sup1.cif

Structure factors: contains datablocks I. DOI: 10.1107/S1600536808036258/hb2823Isup2.hkl

Additional supplementary materials: crystallographic information; 3D view; checkCIF report

Acknowledgments

The work was financed by a grant (No. JDKYZZ0801) from Jishou University for talent introduction, China.

supplementary crystallographic information

Comment

Deoxybenzoins are intermediates in the synthesis of isoflavones (Xiao et al., 2008; Xiao, Fang et al., 2007) and found in several plants, such as Glycyrrhiza sp., Trifolium subterraneum and Ononis spinosa, and marine sources (Kiuchi et al., 1990; Niwa et al., 1999; Sanduja et al., 1985). Many of the deoxybenzoins have shown quite significant estrogen receptor modulatory, urease inhibitory, antimicrobial and antiviral properties (Papoutsi et al., 2007; Xiao, Shi et al., 2007; Parmar et al., 1996; Li et al., 2008). Consequently, we have synthesized a series of deoxybenzoins for bioactivity screen.

The bond lengths and angles of the title compound, (I), are unexceptional. The carbonyl group is almost coplanar with the pyrogallol fragment with a dihedral angle of 1.95 (13) °. The C16—O4—C4—C5 torsion angle [4.0 (5) °] indicates that the methoxy group is coplanar with the attached phenyl ring (pyrogallol fragment), the same as the methoxy group (O5, C17) attached to the p-methoxyphenyl moiety. However, the C15—O3—C3—C4 torsion angle indicates that the methoxy group is twisted at -106.3 (4) ° with respect to the pyrogallol ring.

The molecule of (I) is stabilized by intramolecular O—H···O and C—H···O hydrogen bonds (Table 1). The six-membered pseudo-ring closed by the former bond is almost planar with mean deviation of 0.010Å and coplanar with the fused C1—C6 benzene ring (Fig. 1). The packing is stabilized by intermolecular C—H···O hydrogen bonds as well as weak π-π interactions with a centroid-to-centroid distance of 3.735 (2)Å.

Experimental

4-Methoxyphenacetyl chloride was prepared by treating 4-methoxyphenacetic acid with thionyl chloride at room temperature for 24 h. The solvent was removed in vacuo. To a mixture of pyrogallol trimethoxyl ether (2 g, 11.9 mmol) and 4-methoxyphenacetyl chloride (2.3 g, 12.2 mmol) in dried carbon disulfide (4 ml) was added anhydrous aluminium chloride (2.8 g) with stirring at room temperature overnight. Then the mixture was heated under reflux for 0.5 h. After removal of the solvent by decantation, the residue was poured into ice-cold diluted hydrochloric acid. The precipitate was suction filtered and crystallized from methanol to furnish light yellow blocks of (I).

Refinement

The H atom bonded to O2 was located in a difference Fourier map and freely refined. All other H atoms were placed in geometrically idealized positions (C—H = 0.93-0.97Å) and refined as riding with Uiso = 1.2Ueq(C) or 1.5Ueq(methyl C).

Figures

Fig. 1.
The molecular structure of (I) with displacement ellipsoids for the non-hydrogen atoms drawn at the 30% probability level.

Crystal data

C17H18O5F000 = 640
Mr = 302.31Dx = 1.327 Mg m3
Monoclinic, P21/cMo Kα radiation λ = 0.71073 Å
Hall symbol: -P 2ybcCell parameters from 1217 reflections
a = 14.431 (3) Åθ = 1.6–24.7º
b = 14.073 (3) ŵ = 0.10 mm1
c = 7.4610 (15) ÅT = 293 (2) K
β = 92.86 (3)ºBlock, light-yellow
V = 1513.3 (5) Å30.30 × 0.30 × 0.30 mm
Z = 4

Data collection

Enraf–Nonius CAD-4 diffractometer2667 independent reflections
Radiation source: fine-focus sealed tube1543 reflections with I > 2σ(I)
Monochromator: graphiteRint = 0.059
T = 293(2) Kθmax = 25.0º
ω/2θ scansθmin = 1.4º
Absorption correction: ψ scan(North et al., 1968)h = −17→17
Tmin = 0.971, Tmax = 0.971k = −16→0
2893 measured reflectionsl = 0→8

Refinement

Refinement on F2Secondary atom site location: difference Fourier map
Least-squares matrix: fullHydrogen site location: difmap and geom
R[F2 > 2σ(F2)] = 0.071H atoms treated by a mixture of independent and constrained refinement
wR(F2) = 0.215  w = 1/[σ2(Fo2) + (0.1231P)2] where P = (Fo2 + 2Fc2)/3
S = 1.03(Δ/σ)max < 0.001
2667 reflectionsΔρmax = 0.28 e Å3
206 parametersΔρmin = −0.35 e Å3
Primary atom site location: structure-invariant direct methodsExtinction correction: none

Special details

Geometry. All e.s.d.'s (except the e.s.d. in the dihedral angle between two l.s. planes) are estimated using the full covariance matrix. The cell e.s.d.'s are taken into account individually in the estimation of e.s.d.'s in distances, angles and torsion angles; correlations between e.s.d.'s in cell parameters are only used when they are defined by crystal symmetry. An approximate (isotropic) treatment of cell e.s.d.'s is used for estimating e.s.d.'s involving l.s. planes.
Refinement. Refinement of F2 against ALL reflections. The weighted R-factor wR and goodness of fit S are based on F2, conventional R-factors R are based on F, with F set to zero for negative F2. The threshold expression of F2 > σ(F2) is used only for calculating R-factors(gt) etc. and is not relevant to the choice of reflections for refinement. R-factors based on F2 are statistically about twice as large as those based on F, and R- factors based on ALL data will be even larger.

Fractional atomic coordinates and isotropic or equivalent isotropic displacement parameters (Å2)

xyzUiso*/Ueq
C10.4333 (2)0.7518 (2)1.0256 (5)0.0384 (8)
C20.3890 (2)0.6623 (2)1.0334 (4)0.0379 (8)
C30.2979 (2)0.6555 (2)1.0813 (4)0.0391 (8)
C40.2496 (2)0.7362 (2)1.1277 (4)0.0399 (9)
C50.2918 (2)0.8252 (2)1.1218 (4)0.0396 (8)
H50.25950.87961.15190.048*
C60.3819 (2)0.8313 (2)1.0709 (5)0.0431 (9)
H60.40970.89091.06660.052*
C70.6747 (2)0.8578 (2)0.9220 (5)0.0401 (9)
C80.7407 (3)0.8069 (3)1.0250 (5)0.0504 (10)
H80.72160.76801.11700.060*
C90.8331 (3)0.8129 (3)0.9935 (5)0.0562 (11)
H90.87580.77711.06210.067*
C100.8632 (2)0.8713 (3)0.8614 (6)0.0486 (10)
C110.7995 (3)0.9231 (3)0.7578 (5)0.0468 (9)
H110.81910.96280.66740.056*
C120.7062 (3)0.9155 (2)0.7898 (5)0.0442 (9)
H120.66350.95060.71960.053*
C130.5738 (2)0.8556 (3)0.9633 (5)0.0488 (10)
H13A0.53970.89400.87430.059*
H13B0.56720.88581.07890.059*
C140.5283 (2)0.7592 (2)0.9682 (4)0.0398 (9)
C150.2723 (3)0.5045 (3)1.2103 (6)0.0663 (12)
H15A0.33830.49671.22600.100*
H15B0.24410.44441.18070.100*
H15C0.24830.52811.31940.100*
C160.1069 (3)0.8046 (3)1.2136 (6)0.0631 (12)
H16A0.13650.83981.31070.095*
H16B0.04640.78491.24640.095*
H16C0.10120.84401.10860.095*
C170.9921 (4)0.9345 (4)0.7095 (9)0.101 (2)
H17A0.96330.92060.59380.152*
H17B1.05800.92600.70570.152*
H17C0.97900.99910.74120.152*
O10.57164 (18)0.68781 (18)0.9225 (4)0.0543 (8)
O20.4326 (2)0.58075 (17)0.9921 (4)0.0499 (7)
O30.25205 (18)0.56972 (17)1.0703 (3)0.0511 (7)
O40.16164 (17)0.72248 (18)1.1765 (4)0.0517 (7)
O50.95673 (19)0.8722 (2)0.8396 (5)0.0760 (10)
H180.489 (3)0.597 (3)0.960 (6)0.063 (14)*

Atomic displacement parameters (Å2)

U11U22U33U12U13U23
C10.0403 (19)0.0405 (19)0.0339 (19)0.0015 (16)−0.0042 (15)−0.0021 (15)
C20.050 (2)0.0317 (18)0.0310 (18)0.0016 (15)−0.0098 (15)−0.0011 (14)
C30.046 (2)0.0368 (19)0.0338 (19)−0.0040 (16)−0.0085 (15)0.0029 (15)
C40.040 (2)0.045 (2)0.0335 (19)−0.0004 (16)−0.0080 (15)0.0018 (16)
C50.043 (2)0.0360 (19)0.040 (2)0.0025 (15)−0.0019 (16)−0.0027 (15)
C60.053 (2)0.0343 (19)0.042 (2)−0.0029 (16)−0.0027 (17)−0.0033 (16)
C70.045 (2)0.0362 (18)0.039 (2)−0.0011 (16)0.0019 (16)−0.0038 (16)
C80.054 (2)0.052 (2)0.044 (2)−0.0035 (19)0.0015 (18)0.0173 (18)
C90.052 (2)0.058 (2)0.057 (3)0.0054 (19)−0.0058 (19)0.019 (2)
C100.041 (2)0.040 (2)0.066 (3)0.0021 (17)0.0118 (19)0.0042 (19)
C110.055 (2)0.040 (2)0.046 (2)0.0043 (18)0.0107 (18)0.0073 (17)
C120.053 (2)0.0353 (19)0.044 (2)0.0051 (17)−0.0011 (17)0.0024 (16)
C130.046 (2)0.045 (2)0.056 (2)−0.0046 (18)0.0009 (18)−0.0055 (19)
C140.046 (2)0.042 (2)0.0307 (19)0.0023 (16)−0.0067 (15)−0.0015 (16)
C150.087 (3)0.048 (2)0.063 (3)−0.012 (2)−0.004 (2)0.011 (2)
C160.045 (2)0.063 (3)0.081 (3)0.006 (2)0.001 (2)−0.001 (2)
C170.065 (3)0.081 (4)0.162 (6)0.008 (3)0.047 (4)0.047 (4)
O10.0498 (16)0.0450 (15)0.0682 (19)−0.0002 (12)0.0049 (13)−0.0119 (13)
O20.0490 (17)0.0357 (14)0.0643 (18)0.0020 (12)−0.0038 (14)−0.0076 (12)
O30.0600 (17)0.0372 (14)0.0544 (17)−0.0103 (12)−0.0131 (12)0.0028 (12)
O40.0407 (15)0.0497 (15)0.0645 (18)−0.0039 (12)0.0017 (12)−0.0010 (13)
O50.0485 (18)0.075 (2)0.106 (3)0.0105 (16)0.0207 (16)0.0276 (19)

Geometric parameters (Å, °)

C1—C61.393 (5)C11—C121.383 (5)
C1—C21.415 (5)C11—H110.9300
C1—C141.461 (5)C12—H120.9300
C2—O21.351 (4)C13—C141.509 (5)
C2—C31.383 (5)C13—H13A0.9700
C3—O31.378 (4)C13—H13B0.9700
C3—C41.386 (5)C14—O11.240 (4)
C4—O41.352 (4)C15—O31.410 (5)
C4—C51.394 (5)C15—H15A0.9600
C5—C61.376 (5)C15—H15B0.9600
C5—H50.9300C15—H15C0.9600
C6—H60.9300C16—O41.434 (5)
C7—C121.372 (5)C16—H16A0.9600
C7—C81.393 (5)C16—H16B0.9600
C7—C131.505 (5)C16—H16C0.9600
C8—C91.368 (5)C17—O51.422 (5)
C8—H80.9300C17—H17A0.9600
C9—C101.370 (5)C17—H17B0.9600
C9—H90.9300C17—H17C0.9600
C10—O51.368 (4)O2—H180.89 (4)
C10—C111.380 (5)
C6—C1—C2117.3 (3)C7—C12—H12119.0
C6—C1—C14122.2 (3)C11—C12—H12119.0
C2—C1—C14120.5 (3)C7—C13—C14116.8 (3)
O2—C2—C3117.4 (3)C7—C13—H13A108.1
O2—C2—C1122.1 (3)C14—C13—H13A108.1
C3—C2—C1120.5 (3)C7—C13—H13B108.1
O3—C3—C2120.3 (3)C14—C13—H13B108.1
O3—C3—C4119.1 (3)H13A—C13—H13B107.3
C2—C3—C4120.4 (3)O1—C14—C1121.1 (3)
O4—C4—C3116.2 (3)O1—C14—C13119.8 (3)
O4—C4—C5123.7 (3)C1—C14—C13119.1 (3)
C3—C4—C5120.1 (3)O3—C15—H15A109.5
C6—C5—C4119.0 (3)O3—C15—H15B109.5
C6—C5—H5120.5H15A—C15—H15B109.5
C4—C5—H5120.5O3—C15—H15C109.5
C5—C6—C1122.6 (3)H15A—C15—H15C109.5
C5—C6—H6118.7H15B—C15—H15C109.5
C1—C6—H6118.7O4—C16—H16A109.5
C12—C7—C8117.4 (3)O4—C16—H16B109.5
C12—C7—C13121.2 (3)H16A—C16—H16B109.5
C8—C7—C13121.3 (3)O4—C16—H16C109.5
C9—C8—C7121.2 (3)H16A—C16—H16C109.5
C9—C8—H8119.4H16B—C16—H16C109.5
C7—C8—H8119.4O5—C17—H17A109.5
C8—C9—C10120.5 (4)O5—C17—H17B109.5
C8—C9—H9119.7H17A—C17—H17B109.5
C10—C9—H9119.7O5—C17—H17C109.5
O5—C10—C9116.2 (3)H17A—C17—H17C109.5
O5—C10—C11124.2 (3)H17B—C17—H17C109.5
C9—C10—C11119.6 (3)C2—O2—H18107 (3)
C10—C11—C12119.3 (3)C3—O3—C15116.4 (3)
C10—C11—H11120.3C4—O4—C16118.1 (3)
C12—C11—H11120.3C10—O5—C17118.5 (3)
C7—C12—C11122.0 (3)
C6—C1—C2—O2180.0 (3)C8—C9—C10—C11−1.1 (6)
C14—C1—C2—O21.3 (5)O5—C10—C11—C12178.9 (4)
C6—C1—C2—C31.1 (5)C9—C10—C11—C120.3 (6)
C14—C1—C2—C3−177.6 (3)C8—C7—C12—C110.4 (5)
O2—C2—C3—O3−5.9 (5)C13—C7—C12—C11175.7 (3)
C1—C2—C3—O3173.0 (3)C10—C11—C12—C70.0 (6)
O2—C2—C3—C4179.1 (3)C12—C7—C13—C14128.6 (4)
C1—C2—C3—C4−2.0 (5)C8—C7—C13—C14−56.2 (5)
O3—C3—C4—O46.4 (4)C6—C1—C14—O1−177.5 (3)
C2—C3—C4—O4−178.6 (3)C2—C1—C14—O11.2 (5)
O3—C3—C4—C5−173.4 (3)C6—C1—C14—C132.0 (5)
C2—C3—C4—C51.7 (5)C2—C1—C14—C13−179.3 (3)
O4—C4—C5—C6179.7 (3)C7—C13—C14—O1−6.7 (5)
C3—C4—C5—C6−0.5 (5)C7—C13—C14—C1173.8 (3)
C4—C5—C6—C1−0.3 (5)C2—C3—O3—C1578.6 (4)
C2—C1—C6—C50.0 (5)C4—C3—O3—C15−106.3 (4)
C14—C1—C6—C5178.7 (3)C3—C4—O4—C16−175.8 (3)
C12—C7—C8—C9−1.1 (6)C5—C4—O4—C164.0 (5)
C13—C7—C8—C9−176.5 (4)C9—C10—O5—C17−177.4 (4)
C7—C8—C9—C101.5 (6)C11—C10—O5—C173.9 (6)
C8—C9—C10—O5−179.8 (4)

Hydrogen-bond geometry (Å, °)

D—H···AD—HH···AD···AD—H···A
O2—H18···O10.89 (4)1.78 (4)2.583 (4)148 (4)
C15—H15A···O20.962.563.086 (5)115
C11—H11···O3i0.932.513.259 (4)138
C17—H17B···O4ii0.962.593.315 (6)133

Symmetry codes: (i) −x+1, y+1/2, −z+3/2; (ii) x+1, −y+3/2, z−1/2.

Footnotes

Supplementary data and figures for this paper are available from the IUCr electronic archives (Reference: HB2823).

References

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