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From:
Published online 2010 September 21. doi: 10.1186/1752-153X-4-16

Table 3

Volatile components extracted by HS-SPME from roots, leaves and stems of Daucus crinitus Desf

No.aComponents£lRIabRIacRootsdLeavesdStemsd
ABCDABCDABCD
1aHeptane7007020.3 ± 0.01tr--0.1 ± 0.01trtrtr0.3 ± 0.070.1 ± 0.010.1 ± 0.010.1 ± 0.01
1b3-methyl 1-Butanol717710----tr---0.3 ± 0.010.1 ± 0.010.3 ± 0.010.5 ± 0.07
1cHexanal780767trtrtr-tr0.1 ± 0.01tr0.6 ± 0.070.7 ± 0.070.2 ± 0.010.8 ± 0.071.0 ± 0.14
1dHex-5-en-1-ol820820----0.3 ± 0.070.5 ± 0.070.2 ± 0.010.9 ± 0.07trtr0.1 ± 0.010.1 ± 0.01
1e2-Heptanone871870tr---tr0.3 ± 0.010.3 ± 0.01tr---
1Nonane9069020.3 ± 0.075.5 ± 0.21--3.7 ± 0.142.1 ± 0.141.2 ± 0.140.8 ± 0.141.4 ± 0.140.5 ± 0.071.4 ± 0.211.7 ± 0.28
2α-Pinene936931----0.2 ± 0.012.8 ± 0.210.2 ± 0.010.6 ± 0.016.1 ± 0.211.8 ± 0.216.1 ± 0.012.6 ± 0.14
2aCamphene950943----0.1 ± 0.01---0.2 ± 0.010.2 ± 0.010.2 ± 0.010.2 ± 0.01
3Sabinene973966-0.1 ± 0.01--0.3 ± 0.010.3 ± 0.01-tr0.6 ± 0.070.2 ± 0.010.4 ± 0.010.3 ± 0.01
3a2-pentyl Furan9819780.3 ± 0.01---tr--0.2 ± 0.01tr0.2 ± 0.010.1 ± 0.01
5Myrcene987981----0.1 ± 0.010.6 ± 0.14-0.2 ± 0.0710.6 ± 0.6410.0 ± 0.647.4 ± 0.547.5 ± 0.35
5aα-Phellandrene1002991----tr0.2 ± 0.01--0.3 ± 0.010.4 ± 0.070.4 ± 0.010.4 ± 0.07
5b3-methyl butyl Isobutyrate994997----0.2 ± 0.01tr0.1 ± 0.01-tr0.1 ± 0.010.1 ± 0.010.1 ± 0.01
6Decane9939980.2 ± 0.011.2 ± 0.140.1 ± 0.01-trtr-0.1 ± 0.010.3 ± 0.010.2 ± 0.010.2 ± 0.01
6a2-methyl butyl Isobutyrate1004999----0.1 ± 0.01tr0.2 ± 0.01-0.1 ± 0.01--tr
7p-Cymene10151012----3.5 ± 0.21-0.1 ± 0.012.2 ± 0.140.2 ± 0.012.7 ± 0.213.3 ± 0.21
9Limonene10251026-0.1 ± 0.01--0.2 ± 0.012.0 ± 0.350.2 ± 0.010.3 ± 0.077.5 ± 0.4911.7 ± 0.649.9 ± 0.4911.1 ± 0.92
10(E)-β-Ocimene10411037----tr0.7 ± 0.070.1 ± 0.01tr0.1 ± 0.010.5 ± 0.010.4 ± 0.010.7 ± 0.01
11γ-Terpinene10511049----0.2 ± 0.017.4 ± 0.01--1.6 ± 0.282.7 ± 0.211.6 ± 0.012.3 ± 0.28
121-Octanol10611056----0.1 ± 0.01tr-tr0.2 ± 0.010.1 ± 0.010.1 ± 0.010.2 ± 0.07
132-methyl Decane106810650.4 ± 0.076.7 ± 0.710.3 ± 0.07-0.6 ± 0.07---tr-trtr
14Nonanal10761074----tr0.4 ± 0.01---0.3 ± 0.010.5 ± 0.010.8 ± 0.07
15α-Terpinolene10821079----0.2 ± 0.019.4 ± 0.42--0.2 ± 0.010.3 ± 0.010.3 ± 0.010.5 ± 0.07
15a2-Nonanol10851080---0.1 ± 0.01----0.1 ± 0.010.4 ± 0.010.4 ± 0.010.5 ± 0.01
17Undecane1100109843.5 ± 0.855.0 ± 0.3526.2 ± 0.922.3 ± 0.2111.1 ± 0.572.9 ± 0.351.2 ± 0.078.9 ± 0.282.7 ± 0.782.8 ± 0.142.1 ± 0.352.6 ± 0.14
17aLimonene 1,2-epoxide11171113----tr0.1 ± 0.01------
17bCamphor11231120----tr0.5 ± 0.070.3 ± 0.010.5 ± 0.070.1 ± 0.010.2 ± 0.010.2 ± 0.010.2 ± 0.01
17cn-hexyl Isobutyrate11271126----0.1 ± 0.010.1 ± 0.01-0.1 ± 0.01-0.2 ± 0.010.1 ± 0.01tr
17dCryptone11601158----tr0.1 ± 0.01--0.4 ± 0.070.3 ± 0.010.3 ± 0.010.3 ± 0.01
19Terpinen-4-ol11641161--------0.3 ± 0.010.6 ± 0.070.3 ± 0.010.4 ± 0.01
19a3-methyl Undecane117011650.1 ± 0.010.5 ± 0.07tr---------
19bEstragole11751169----0.2 ± 0.01---tr0.9 ± 0.010.8 ± 0.141.0 ± 0.14
21Decanal11881187-0.1 ± 0.01--1.5 ± 0.0214.8 ± 0.017.8 ± 0.572.5 ± 0.141.1 ± 0.011.8 ± 0.212.1 ± 0.142.5 ± 0.01
22Dodecane120011980.3 ± 0.070.3 ± 0.01tr-0.1 ± 0.01tr--tr0.3 ± 0.010.2 ± 0.010.2 ± 0.01
22aγ-Octanolide12081208----0.1 ± 0.010.1 ± 0.010.5 ± 0.010.1 ± 0.010.2 ± 0.010.4 ± 0.010.3 ± 0.010.4 ± 0.07
22bChavicol12191214-0.1 ± 0.01--0.1 ± 0.010.1 ± 0.010.1 ± 0.01-0.1 ± 0.010.1 ± 0.010.2 ± 0.010.3 ± 0.01
22c2-Nonanyl acetate12241220-0.7 ± 0.01------tr0.2 ± 0.01trtr
23Decanol12631259-0.1 ± 0.01-0.4 ± 0.070.2 ± 0.010.8 ± 0.011.8 ± 0.21-1.8 ± 0.142.2 ± 0.141.4 ± 0.141.5 ± 0.21
23atrans-Anethol12621260----tr---tr0.1 ± 0.01trtr
24Nonanoic acid12631263-0.1 ± 0.01------0.3 ± 0.070.4 ± 0.070.4 ± 0.010.4 ± 0.01
24aBenzyl isobutyrate12691266------------
24bUndecan-2-one127312680.1 ± 0.01tr-1.1 ± 0.140.1 ± 0.01---0.2 ± 0.010.6 ± 0.070.5 ± 0.010.5 ± 0.01
25Undecanal12901280-0.7 ± 0.210.2 ± 0.01--tr0.2 ± 0.01-tr0.3 ± 0.010.2 ± 0.010.3 ± 0.01
26Tridecane130012923.7 ± 0.217.7 ± 0.854.0 ± 0.350.7 ± 0.070.2 ± 0.010.1 ± 0.010.4 ± 0.010.3 ± 0.070.2 ± 0.010.4 ± 0.010.3 ± 0.010.4 ± 0.01
26aIsochavicol13131315----0.1 ± 0.010.1 ± 0.010.7 ± 0.01-0.4 ± 0.070.1 ± 0.010.1 ± 0.01tr
27n-Octyl isobutyrate13291325----0.1 ± 0.010.2 ± 0.010.1 ± 0.01-----
28Neryl acetate13421336---0.6 ± 0.01--0.1 ± 0.01-0.2 ± 0.011.1 ± 0.211.1 ± 0.011.0 ± 0.14
29Decannoic acid134713480.2 ± 0.010.4 ± 0.010.4 ± 0.01---tr-tr0.2 ± 0.010.1 ± 0.01tr
30Benzyl 2-methyl butyrate13601352-0.6 ± 0.07--tr-tr-----
31Geranyl acetate13621359------0.1 ± 0.01-tr0.2 ± 0.010.2 ± 0.010.1 ± 0.01
33α-Copaene13791372--------1.6 ± 0.142.1 ± 0.144.1 ± 0.012.6 ± 0.14
34β-Bourbonene13861376--------4.0 ± 0.423.6 ± 0.213.7 ± 0.013.2 ± 0.28
35Dodecanal1389139029.3 ± 1.220.6 ± 1.8445.1 ± 1.2755.4 ± 0.990.4 ± 0.141.5 ± 0.214.4 ± 0.142.1 ± 0.012.7 ± 0.281.3 ± 0.211.2 ± 0.011.4 ± 0.07
36Tetradecane14001403----0.1 ± 0.070.1 ± 0.010.2 ± 0.010.2 ± 0.010.1 ± 0.010.2 ± 0.010.1 ± 0.010.1 ± 0.01
37Longifolene14111409-0.2 ± 0.01tr-tr0.2 ± 0.01-2.3 ± 0.210.1 ± 0.010.1 ± 0.010.1 ± 0.010.1 ± 0.01
38α-Santalene14221415--tr----tr0.1 ± 0.01trtrtr
39β-Caryophyllene14211424----0.8 ± 0.140.1 ± 0.01--0.7 ± 0.141.2 ± 0.070.4 ± 0.010.8 ± 0.07
40Dauca-3,8-diene14281426----0.1 ± 0.01-------
41trans-α-bergamotene14321432----0.7 ± 0.010.2 ± 0.010.2 ± 0.010.2 ± 0.010.2 ± 0.010.2 ± 0.01
42(E)-β-Farnesene14461443----0.1 ± 0.010.1 ± 0.010.1 ± 0.010.1 ± 0.010.2 ± 0.010.1 ± 0.010.1 ± 0.01
43α-Humulene14551451----0.4 ± 0.010.3 ± 0.011.0 ± 0.010.3 ± 0.010.9 ± 0.010.3 ± 0.010.4 ± 0.070.4 ± 0.01
45Dodecanol147214702.7 ± 0.018.8 ± 0.421.7 ± 0.284.4 ± 0.350.2 ± 0.01---0.5 ± 0.010.8 ± 0.210.9 ± 0.010.5 ± 0.07
46α-Curcumene14731474--------0.8 ± 0.140.6 ± 0.010.9 ± 0.010.4 ± 0.01
47Germacrene-D147914780.2 ± 0.01-------0.8 ± 0.012.1 ± 0.283.3 ± 0.012.1 ± 0.07
49Zingiberene148914830.2 ± 0.010.7 ± 0.140.4 ± 0.070.6 ± 0.01----tr0.2 ± 0.01tr0.1 ± 0.01
50Pentadecane150014970.1 ± 0.010.1 ± 0.010.2 ± 0.010.2 ± 0.0151.6 ± 1.7712.8 ± 0.4941.2 ± 1.3440.8 ± 0.5711.9 ± 1.0613.1 ± 0.7814.0 ± 0.2816.0 ± 0.42
51δ-Cadinene15201514----0.1 ± 0.01tr1.1 ± 0.010.3 ± 0.01----
52Geranyl butyrate15341530tr0.1 ± 0.01-0.2 ± 0.01-0.6 ± 0.01--0.3 ± 0.012.0 ± 0.011.7 ± 0.011.6 ± 0.21
53Isochavicol isobutyrate154615410.4 ± 0.010.2 ± 0.010.2 ± 0.010.2 ± 0.0119.9 ± 0.8510.4 ± 1.1319.0 ± 0.850.2 ± 0.010.7 ± 0.140.4 ± 0.010.2 ± 0.01
56Caryophyllene oxyde15781572--------0.1 ± 0.01trtrtr
57Dodecyl acetate1585158014.2 ± 0.4932.4 ± 1.7016.4 ± 1.0621.7 ± 0.850.2 ± 0.010.3 ± 0.013.6 ± 0.215.0 ± 0.212.3 ± 0.282.0 ± 0.012.3 ± 0.212.6 ± 0.07
58α-Cedrol16031596-----0.1 ± 0.01--1.4 ± 0.211.0 ± 0.010.9 ± 0.010.9 ± 0.07
59Hexadecane16001599----0.3 ± 0.010.1 ± 0.010.3 ± 0.010.3 ± 0.010.5 ± 0.010.4 ± 0.010.2 ± 0.010.3 ± 0.01
60Isochavicol 2-methyl butyrate16511648---0.4 ± 0.010.1 ± 0.012.7 ± 0.012.9 ± 0.012.1 ± 0.140.1 ± 0.010.4 ± 0.010.3 ± 0.010.1 ± 0.01
60aBisabolol oxide B16541650----0.2 ± 0.01tr0.1 ± 0.013.9 ± 0.012.7 ± 0.012.1 ± 0.011.1 ± 0.14
62Heptadecane170017030.1 ± 0.010.2 ± 0.01tr0.2 ± 0.0120.7 ± 1.564.1 ± 0.2111.9 ± 0.356.4 ± 0.5720.7 ± 0.5713.2 ± 0.429.0 ± 0.3511.2 ± 0.49
63Benzyl benzoate173017230.1 ± 0.010.7 ± 0.01tr2.7 ± 0.14--0.3 ± 0.010.7 ± 0.010.5 ± 0.070.2 ± 0.010.1 ± 0.010.2 ± 0.01
66Hexadecanal178217870.5 ± 0.010.5 ± 0.010.5 ± 0.070.7 ± 0.010.2 ± 0.010.1 ± 0.010.2 ± 0.01tr0.1 ± 0.01trtr0.2 ± 0.01
67Neophytadiene18071807tr0.8 ± 0.01tr3.2 ± 0.210.6 ± 0.010.2 ± 0.010.1 ± 0.010.4 ± 0.010.3 ± 0.01tr0.1 ± 0.010.2 ± 0.01
% Identification96.8 ± 0.5795.4 ± 0.2195.7 ± 0.2895.2 ± 0.0797.3 ± 0.2193.6 ± 0.6493.1 ± 0.2196.3 ± 0.2895.7 ± 0.3592.1 ± 0.0790.9 ± 0.2892.9 ± 0.49
Total area (105)486.4451.3445.5430.2391.8351.9378.3345.6312.5336.1333.8342.8
Hydrocarbon compounds49.428.431.27.392.865.166.965.482.872.973.976.4
Oxygenated compounds47.467.064.587.94.528.526.230.912.919.217.016.5
Aliphatic compounds96.391.895.188.190.842.075.769.349.446.142.649.1
Phenylpropanoid compounds0.11.80.23.30.722.814.421.81.32.51.91.8
Hydrocarbon non-terpenic compounds49,027,430.83.588.737.164.260.843.834.231.337.3
Hydrocarbon monoterpenes-0.2--1.326.90.51.229.428.029.428.9
Hydrocarbon sesquiterpenes0.40.80.40.62.20.92.13.09.310.713.110.0
Hydrocarbon diterpenes---3.20.60.20.10.40.3-0.10.2
Oxygenated non-terpenic compounds47,466.264.587.94.327.725.930.36.914.413.213.6
Oxygenated monoterpenes----0.70.30.50.81.10.80.9
Oxygenated sesquiterpenes-0.8--0.20.1-0.15.23.73.02.0

a Order of elution is given on apolar column (Rtx-1). Numbers correspond to those in table 1. The compounds that the number is followed by a letter were only identified in HS-fractions.

b Retention indices of literature on the apolar column (lRIa) reported from [12-18].

c Retention indices on the apolar Rtx-1 column (RIa).

d Percentages (means of three analyses) obtained by GC-FID (on RTX-1: apolar column) with peak-area normalization under optimized HS-SPME parameters: temperature: 70°C; equilibrium time: 60 min; extraction time: 30 min. Sample locations: Bensekrane (A), Sid Abdeli (B), Terni (C) and Beni Snous (D).

e Total area is expressed in arbitrary units.

£ Compounds identified from commercial data libraries: National Institute of Standards and Technology, 1999 (1b, 12, 15c, 17a, 19d, 20b); and literature data: König WA, Hochmuth DH, Joulain D, 2001 (3a, 13a, 19b, 19c, 24a, 32b, 35, 36, 36a, 38a, 41, 42).