Search tips
Search criteria 


Logo of ijpsychHomeCurrent issueInstructionsSubmit article
Indian J Psychiatry. 2002 Oct-Dec; 44(4): 337–342.
PMCID: PMC2955303



The present study compared burden of care between the key relatives of patients with obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) and schizophrenia. For this study, consecutive key relatives of patients with either OCD (n=30) or schizophrenia (n=41) were evaluated with 40-item burden assessment schedule (BAS). In comparison with schizophrenia group, caregivers in OCD group had significantly high mean scores for the domains, spouse-related factor and caregiver's strategy of BAS. The degree of burden, evidenced by mean scores, was comparable between groups for other domains of BAS. Spouses and unemployed caregivers in OCD group had significantly elevated mean total burden scores. The present findings suggest that caregiver's burden imposed by OCD is either excess or nearly comparable to that of schizophrenia.

Keywords: Obsessive- compulsive disorder, schizophrenia, family burden, caregiver's burden

Full Text

The Full Text of this article is available as a PDF (223K).

Selected References

These references are in PubMed. This may not be the complete list of references from this article.
  • Amir N, Freshman M, Foa EB. Family distress and involvement in relatives of obsessive-compulsive disorder patients. J Anxiety Disord. 2000 May-Jun;14(3):209–217. [PubMed]
  • Black DW, Gaffney G, Schlosser S, Gabel J. The impact of obsessive-compulsive disorder on the family: preliminary findings. J Nerv Ment Dis. 1998 Jul;186(7):440–442. [PubMed]
  • Calvocoressi L, Lewis B, Harris M, Trufan SJ, Goodman WK, McDougle CJ, Price LH. Family accommodation in obsessive-compulsive disorder. Am J Psychiatry. 1995 Mar;152(3):441–443. [PubMed]
  • Calvocoressi L, Libman D, Vegso SJ, McDougle CJ, Price LH. Global functioning of inpatients with obsessive-compulsive disorder, schizophrenia, and major depression. Psychiatr Serv. 1998 Mar;49(3):379–381. [PubMed]
  • Chakrabarti S, Kulhara P, Verma SK. The pattern of burden in families of neurotic patients. Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol. 1993 Aug;28(4):172–177. [PubMed]
  • Emmelkamp PM, de Haan E, Hoogduin CA. Marital adjustment and obsessive-compulsive disorder. Br J Psychiatry. 1990 Jan;156:55–60. [PubMed]
  • Staebler CR, Pollard CA, Merkel WT. Sexual history and quality of current relationships in patients with obsessive compulsive disorder: a comparison with two other psychiatric samples. J Sex Marital Ther. 1993 Summer;19(2):147–153. [PubMed]
  • Steketee G. Disability and family burden in obsessive-compulsive disorder. Can J Psychiatry. 1997 Nov;42(9):919–928. [PubMed]
  • Thara R, Padmavati R, Kumar S, Srinivasan L. Instrument to assess burden on caregivers of chronic mentally ill. Indian J Psychiatry. 1998 Jan;40(1):21–29. [PMC free article] [PubMed]

Articles from Indian Journal of Psychiatry are provided here courtesy of Medknow Publications