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Indian J Psychiatry. 2002 Oct-Dec; 44(4): 315–325.
PMCID: PMC2955300



The place of mind in the philosophical systems of India is briefly discussed. The philosophies selected are - Vedas, Upanishads, Six systems of philosophies (saddarsanas), Gita and materialistic school of Carvaaka. That mind is of subtle physical nature and that self is postulated as higher than mind in the hierarchy is being pointed out. Mind can be man's own friend to elevate him or his foe debasing him. Modern neuro - science and the ancient materialistic schools do not subscribe to the existence of self. An integrated approach extending beyond the mind in psychiatric care is suggested. Scientific and technological advances do not necessarily preclude a transcendent (spiritual) dimension to the total care.

Keywords: Upanishads, Sankhya, Yoga, Gita, Nyaya-Vaiseshika, Caravaaka, Ashtavakr, Self

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