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Logo of medhistThe Wellcome Trust Centre of the History of Medicine (UCL)Medical History
 
Med Hist. 2010 October; 54(4): 629–659.
PMCID: PMC2948718

Index

Page numbers in italics refer to illustrations in the text.

Aarhus University, psychiatric training 362

‘Abd Allāh bin Muhammad bin Hazn bin Harb

al-Taymī 203

abdominal illness see gastrointestinal illness

Abī Tālīb bin Ahmad (Abū ‘Abd Allāh Muhammad): Jirāb al-Mujarrabāt 200

Abū ‘Abd Allāh Muhammad see Abī Tālīb bin Ahmad

Abū Bakr Muhammad see al-Rāzī, Zakarīyā’

Abū Ja‘far Ahmad see al-Hāshimī, Īsá

Abū l-‘Alā’ Zuhr (father of Avenzoar (Ibn Zuhr) ) 196, 207

case studies 196–8, 199, 200

Kitāb al-Khawāss 197–8, 199, 200, 207

Kitāb al-Mujarrabāt 197–8, 199, 200

Abū l-Qāsim al-Zahrāwī see Albucasis

Academic Assistance Council 10

Académie Royale de Médecine, Paris 231–2

Adams, Vincanne, book review by 553–5

Addenbrooke's Hospital Sports Injuries Clinic, Cambridge 469

Adelaide University 2

Charles Kellaway as professor 14

adrenaline, in asthma treatment 188; inhalation of 189

advertising see marketing

Africa see Natal; West Africa

ageing process 284–5

Agri-Horticultural Society of India 93–4

Ainslie, Whitelaw 86

Akasoy, Anne, Charles Burnett and Ronit

Yoeli-Tlalim (eds): Astro-medicine: astrology and medicine, east and west, reviewed 552–3

Akiyama, Yuriko: Feeding the nation, nutrition and health in Britain before World War One, reviewed 118–20

al- (in Arabic names) see next element of name

Alberti, Fay Bound, book review by 423–4

Albinus, Bernhard Siegfried: Historia musculorum hominis 519

Albucasis (Abū al-Qāsim al-Zahrāwī) 206, 372, 378

Alcanyís, Lluís: Regiment preservatiu e curatiu de la pestilència, ed. Jon Arrizabalaga, reviewed 275–6

Alexander, Franz 101, 102

Allen & Hanbury's 190

allergies 187–8

Allman, R 244

Alpago, Andrea 209

Alpini, Prospero 370, 371, 372, 378

Álvarez Millán, Cristina ‘The Case History in Medieval Islamic Medical Literature: Tajārib and Mujarrabāt as Source’ 195–214

Amateur Athletics Association 468

America see United States

American Civil War (1861–5) 96

American Medical Association: Journal 192, 534, 535

Amilien, Virginia see Oddy, Derek J, Peter J Atkins and Virginia Amilien

amputation see limb amputation

anaesthesia, in childbirth 542–3

anatomy museums, women visitors 511

Anderson, Elizabeth Garrett 506

Anderson, James, as EIC President of Madras Hospital Board 79–80, 178–9

Anderson, Jennifer 321

Anderson, Warwick 14, 321

Anderson, William 88

animal cruelty 44, 45, 51

animal diseases 34, 38, 43

cattle plague 31

in horses 33, 37–40, 41, 43

prevention/control 31, 40–41, 50

see also veterinary …

ankylostomiasis see hookworm disease/infection

al-Antākī, Dāwūd Ibn ‘Umar 369, 370, 372, 381–2, 286

Tadhkirat 384

anthrax 234

anti-depressants, US marketing of 428–9

Anti-Slavery and Aborigines Protection Society (ASAPS) 252

Antrobus, Reginald 247

anxiety neurosis see gastrointestinal illness

Apocynum erectum (Blood Flower) 87–8

Apothecaries’ Company 87–8

Apothecaries’ Hall, Dublin 56, 57

Archipecus vomitoria 81

Army Medical School, Netley 301

Arnold, David

book review by 422–3

‘British India and the “Beriberi Problem”, 1798–1942’ 295–314

Arrizabalaga, Jon, book review by 550–51

see also Alcanyís, Lluís

Arrot, William 85

Ascaris 153

Askgaard, Vagn 358

Asklepios 271–2

Association of Chartered Physiotherapists 471

Association of Physicians of Australasia 17, 26

asthma 173, 174–5

causes 175, 176–7, 178, 179, 180, 187; as an allergic reaction 187–8

as disabling 181, 184, 186

increased levels of 189

Maimonides on 175

preventative measures 181

Henry Salter on 180–81, 182, 186, 193

spasmodic theory of 181

symptoms 176

treatment 175–6, 179, 180, 181, 186, 188, 191; inhalation therapy 171, 173–94

Asthma Research Council 187

Asthmador (brand) 193

astrologers, as medical healers in Ottoman Egypt 384–5

astrology, medicine and 552–3

Atees (Atibisha) 93–4

Atkins, Peter J see Oddy, Derek J, Peter J Atkins and Virginia Amilien

atropine, in asthma treatment 187, 188, 189, 192

Atrotabak (brand) 191

Australia

19th-century lunatic asylums 560–61

blood transfusion services 14, 16

BMA in 17, 22

medical training 2, 4, 5–6, 9, 11, 18–19

medical research, as a career 2, 4

medical research institutions 1–28

as scientifically isolated 4

Australian Institute of Anatomy 16

Australian Institute of Medical Research 8

Australian Institution of Tropical Medicine (AITM) 6–7, 9, 14, 16, 18, 20, 21, 23

Avenzoar (Ibn Zuhr) 205, 206, 207, 208

case studies 205–6, 208

Ibn Abī Usaybi‘a on 208

Kitāb al-Aghdhiya 208

Kitāb al-Iqtisād (Kitāb al-Zīna) 205–6

Kitāb al-Taysīr … 208

Avicenna (Ibn Sīnā) 175, 209

autobiography (completed by al-Juzjānī) 209–10, 211, 212, 213

case studies 196, 198, 199–200, 209–13, 214

clinical practice 210–12, 213

his prescriptions 198

al-Qānūn fī l-tibb (Kitāb al-Qānūn …) (Canon

of Medicine) 175, 199–200, 209, 210–11, 213, 369; Latin translations 209

his self-treatment 210, 211

death 211

Aykroyd, W R 313

Āyurvedic medicine 174, 178

bacteriology 234, 529

Baer, Gabriel 374

al-Bahādrī, Sirāj al-Din 371

Baker, Herbert 491

Baker, Monica (wife of Clifford Dobell) 535

Baker Institute, Melbourne (Thomas Baker, Alice Baker and Eleanor Shaw Medical Research Institute) 8, 9, 10, 14, 15

funding 20, 23–4, 25, 26

William Penfold as director 23–4

Bakker, Gerben, book review by 260–61

Bang, Ole 222–3, 226

Bankier, James 299

Banks, Sir Joseph 79, 83

William Roxburgh and 81, 83

Bannister, Roger 462, 463

Barber, Joseph 154

barbers, as healers in Ottoman Egypt 365, 366, 380

Barbour, Reid and Claire Preston (eds): Sir Thomas Browne: the world proposed, reviewed 278–9

Barham, Henry 87

Barnes, E, book review by 265–6

Barnett, Richard, book reviews by 114–15, 288–9, 540–41

Bartholin, Rasmus, his meteorological diary 218

Baruk, Henri 364

Bashford, Alison 24, 510

Baskett, Thomas F, On the shoulders of giants: eponyms and names in obstetrics and gynaecology, reviewed 288–9

Bastian, Henry, on insanity 443–4, 451

Bayfield, T E 250

Beer, Daniel: Renovating Russia: the human sciences and the fate of liberal modernity, reviewed 131–2

Behrens-Abuseif, Doris 367

Beier, Lucinda McCray 380

For their own good: the transformation of

English working-class health culture,

1880–1970, reviewed 117–18

Belchier, John 522, 523

Belfast Medical Students’ Association 515–16

Belgium, medical meteorology 228

Bennett, Abram 360

Bergen, Leo van: Before my helpless sight: suffering, dying and military medicine on the western front, 1914–1918, transl. Liz Walters, reviewed 411–12

beriberi

as an anomaly 300–302

causes 295–7, 299–300, 301, 302, 309–10, 312;

climatic 299, 301; dietary 296, 298, 299, 300, 302, 303, 304–7, 308–10, 311–13; germ

theory of 308–9

as contagious 301–2, 303

dropsy, comparison with 302, 309, 312

history of 297–300

identification of 296, 301–2, 304, 309–11

international debate on see Far Eastern Association of Tropical Medicine

name, etymology of 297, 298, 313

publications/papers on 302, 305

scurvy, comparison with 298

symptoms/descriptions of 295, 296, 297–9, 301

treatment/prevention 302, 304, 305

research on 302–6, 308–9, 311–13

beriberi, in British India 296–300, 302–4, 305–14

in Chinese population 307–8

in European population 299, 300, 307–8

famine and 300

geography/topography of 299, 300–301, 303

government policy on 306–7, 312

history of 297–300

in Indian population 297–8, 299, 300, 311–12

as localized 299, 300, 302

mortality rate 303–4

numbers of cases 300, 303, 304

research on 309–10

Berkart, J B 187

Bernard, Claude 165

Berridge, Virginia 172, 182, 462

Berrios, German 341

Berry, Dr (of EIC in Madrid) 80

Berry, Richard 5

Bettelheim, Bernard Jean, his journal and correspondence 555–6

Bhayro, Siam, book review by 269–71

Bibliotek for Læger 218

Bielewicz, Anton 388

Bini, Lucio 347

Binny, George 80

biomedicine

history of 123–4

in India/Tibet 553–4

biopower, contemporary politics and 124–6

Birmingham Hospital Contributory Association 483

Birmingham University 461

bistorta 87

Black Death 133–4

blacksmiths see farriers

blackwater fever 242

Bloch, Marc 451

blood transfusion services, in Australia 14, 16

bloodletting 372, 373

Boden, Margaret A: Mind as machine: a history of cognitive science, reviewed 143–4

Bontius, Jacobus, on beriberi 297

Bostridge, Mark: Florence Nightingale: the woman and her legend, reviewed 114–15

Bourke, Joanna, book review by 417–18

Bowman, Sir William 501

Boyle, E Mayfield 250

Boyle, Robert 400–402

Boylston, Anthea see Magilton, John, Frances Lee and Anthea Boylston

Braddon, W Leonard, on beriberi 304, 305, 308, 310

Brahe, Tycho, his meteorological diary 218

Brandt, Allan: The cigarette century 172

Braslow, Joel 342

Bray, George W 188

Brazil, Rockefeller Foundation IHB hookworm eradication campaign 155, 156, 157–8, 161–2, 163, 166, 168

Bree, Robert 177

A practical inquiry into disordered respiration 177–8

Breggin, Peter 342

Breinl, Anton 7, 9, 20

Bremer, Frederick 229

Breton, P 91

Brieger, G H 95

Bristol

Cossham Memorial Hospital 481

Lord Mayor's Fund 487

Southmead Infirmary 480, 493–4

working class in 492

Bristol, hospital contributory schemes, c.1927–1948 476–83, 479, 484, 485–9, 490, 491–4

contribution as a civic duty 487–9, 490, 491–2

contributors to 481–2, 489–90, 492; amounts contributed 479, 481, 483, 487

as general fundraising 478

management/structure 482–3, 485

as philanthropic 488–9, 491–2

for private patients 480

services provided 485–6, 487–8

types of 478, 485–6, 487–8, 491

Bristol Contributory Scheme Welfare Association (BCSWA) 486

Bristol Eye Dispensary 482

Bristol General Hospital 477, 481, 482, 491

Bristol Hospital Contributors League 482, 483, 492

Bristol Hospitals Fund (BHF) 483, 484, 485, 486, 487, 487, 489, 490, 491

Bristol Medical Institutions Contributory Scheme (BMICS) 482–3, 485, 486, 496

Extended Benefits Scheme 485–6

Bristol Orthopaedic Hospital and Home for Crippled Children 491–2

Bristol Royal Infirmary 476, 481–2

Cancer Research Fund 486

financial crisis (post-1918) 476

patients’ maintenance payments 476–7;

exemptions from 477; see also Bristol, hospital contributory schemes

Works Governors’ Committee 481, 482

Bristol Temporary Home and Lying-in Hospital 491

Bristol Times and Mirror 477

British Army medical staff, in West Africa 241, 249

British Association of Sport (and Exercise) Medicine (BAS(E)M) 459, 463, 464–5, 470, 473

BATS and 470, 471

diploma sponsored by 473

function 461, 466, 467, 468, 474

organization of 471, 474

Register of Sports Injury … Clinics 469

British Association of Trauma in Sport (BATS) 470–71

British Empire Cancer Campaign 21

British Guiana 161

British Hospital Contributory Schemes Association 485

British Journal of Sports Medicine 470, 473, 474

British Medical Association (BMA)

Dublin meeting, 1867 501

on hospital contributory schemes 478, 479

Obstetrics section 496

British Medical Association, in Australia 17, 22

British Medical Journal 67, 190, 468, 509

British Olympic Association 460, 463

British Pharmacopoeia 183

Broadbent, Charles R 183

Brøcher-Mortensen, Georg 358

Brockbank, Thomas 41

Bröker, Barbara see Tsouyopoulos, Nelly

Brough, Mary Ann, trial for murder 452

Broussais, François 223

Brown, George 51

Brown, John 221, 258

Elementia medicinæ 223

Browne, Janet: Charles Darwin … 66

Browne, R C 461

his sports injuries survey 463–4

Browne, Sir Thomas 278–9

Browne, William James 60

Brunton, Deborah: The politics of vaccination practice and policy in England, Wales, Ireland, and Scotland, 1800–1874, reviewed 115–17

Buchan, William 176

Bucquet, J B M 90

Bundaberg Enquiry see Royal Commissions (Australia)

Burdett, Henry 478, 489

Burke, Dominic (of Ballinasloe) 63

Burma (colonial)

beriberi in 301, 307, 308

smallpox vaccination in 424–5

Burnet, Dr (of South Sea Company) 87

Burnet, Frank Macfarlane 9, 14, 15, 20, 24

as Hall Institute director 19, 21

on immunological theory 16

on Charles Kellaway 12, 17, 26–7

Burnett, Charles (ed.): The Baklarish's book of simples: medical remedies between three faiths in twelfth-century Spain, reviewed 269–71

see also Akasoy, Anne, Charles Burnett and Ronit Yoeli-Tlalim

Burrell, Sean see Holland, Michael, Geoffrey Gill and Sean Burrell

Burroughs Wellcome & Co., history of 260–61

Burry, Hugh 465

Bynum, William (ed.): Gastroenterology in Britain … 96

cabbage tree bark 88

Cæsalpinia bonducella (Catcaranja) 83–4

Cahen, Claude 374

calamus aromaticus 87

Calcutta School of Tropical Medicine 309, 310

Callisen, Heinrich 224, 228

Cambridge University 18

camera obscura

William Cheselden's use of, to create images in

Osteographia 517–19, 518, 521, 522–3, 524,

525

design of 523

Joseph Locke on 524

Campbell, Samuel 242

camphor oil, as precursor to Cardiazol in shock therapy 346, 347

Canada, medical research 10, 13, 19, 20, 28

cancer

in children 265–6

history of 122–3

smoking-related 172–3, 190, 192

in women 541–2

cancer research 6, 10, 14, 21–2, 23

Cancer Research Committees (Australia) 6, 10, 14

funding 21–2, 26

cannabis

as dangerous 189–90

recreational use 171–2, 173, 182, 193

therapeutic use 180, 182

Cantor, David: Cancer in the twentieth century, reviewed 122–3

Cardano, Girolamo 175–6

Carden-Coyne, Ana see Forth, Christopher E and Ana Carden-Coyne

Cardiazol shock therapy 342, 343

Cardiazol shock therapy, in Danish state mental

hospitals 344, 346, 348, 351–61, 363–4

Danish Psychiatric Society report on 359–60

death following 357–8

effects/results 348, 350–53, 354–8, 359–60

ethical issues 357–8

history 346–8

media coverage 360–61

method 348, 354

patient numbers 356, 358, 359, 360

use of 351–8; enforced 351–3; for manic

depression 353; for patient control 352–3;

for psychopathia 352, 353; for schizophrenia 356–7, 359–61, 363

see also shock therapy

Cardiff Medical School see Welsh National School of Medicine

Carlino, Andrea and Michel Jeanneret (eds): Vulgariser la médecine: du style médical en France et en Italie, reviewed 403–4

Carman, James Burd see Vesalius, Andreas: On the fabric of the human body …

Carmichael Medical School, Dublin 57, 61–2, 71

Carnegie Corporation 20

fellowships 10

Carozzi, Luigi 327, 331

Carpenter, William B, on insanity 448

Carr, Elizabeth, trial for murder 438

Carstairs, Catherine, book review by 561–2

case studies

in Galenic medicine 196, 199, 200, 206, 214

in homicidal mania 433–6, 437, 438, 441–2, 443–4, 445, 446–7, 452

in medical research 421–2

case studies, in medieval Islamic medicine (tajārib/mujarrabāt) 195–214

authoritative voice in 206–7

by Avicenna 196, 198, 199–200, 209–13, 214

in biographical works 207–8, 209–10, 211, 214

collections/sources of 196–201; see also biographical above

as critical of other authorities 207

narrative style 203–4, 205–6, 207

prescriptions 195, 197, 198, 199, 201, 203

semantic issues 200–201

use/importance 195–6, 201–8, 209, 213–14

Casper, Johann Ludwig 228–9, 230–32

Casper, Stephen T, book reviews by 143–4, 283–4

cataract removal (couching) 527–8

Catholic (University) Medical School, Dublin 56, 57, 61, 62, 68, 495, 510, 512–13

cattle insurance companies 43

cattle plague epidemic, 1865–7 31

Cavallo, Sandra and David Gentilcore (eds): Spaces, objects and identities in early modern Italian medicine, reviewed 403–4

Caventou, J B 91

cedrela toona (toon-tree) 84, 85

Çelebi, Emir 379

Çelebi, Eviliyā 379–81, 384

cell theory, in medicine 258

Central Council of Physical Recreation (CCPR) (Central Council of Recreative Physical Training) 462

Cerletti, Ugo 347

Ceylon, beriberi in 297–8, 299, 301

see also Sri Lanka

Ceylon Medical College 243

Chakrabarti, Pratik

‘Empire and Alternatives: Swietenia febrifuga

and the Cinchona Substitutes’ 75–94

Chalmers, A J 243, 251

Chamberlain, Joseph, as Secretary of State for the Colonies 237, 239, 240, 244, 250, 251

Chandler, Alfred 320

Chapman, Henry 6, 26

Charcot, Jean-Martin 127, 128

Charing Cross Hospital, London 100, 101

chemical revolution concept 90

Chenopodium

C. ambrosoides 159

C. anthelminticum 164

chenopodium oil

adulterated with eucalyptus oil 161

British use of 154

dosage 155, 158, 159, 160, 161–2, 163, 166

as a native medical remedy (epázotl) 159–60

studies/trials of 154–5, 158–61, 162, 163

as a vermifuge 149–50, 153, 154–61; as

poisonous 149–50, 153, 154, 155–61, 167, 168, 169

Chernin, Eli 534

Cherry, Steven 478

Cherry, Thomas 23

Cheselden, William 517, 519, 522

as a draughtsman 522–3

as an ophthalmic surgeon 527–8

Cheselden, William: Osteographia 517–28

address ‘To the reader’ 519, 522, 523, 526

images in, created by camera obscura 517–19,

518, 521, 522–3, 524, 525; beauty of 519, 522; engravers of 518–19, 522, 525–6; as

realizing Joseph Locke's epistemology 517, 525–8

importance 517

purpose 517

title-page 519, 520

Chevers, Norman, on beriberi 301–2, 310

Chiang, Howard H, book review by 280–81

Chichester, St James and St Mary Magdalene leper hospital 136–7

Chiffoleau, Sylvie 366

Chikrassee 85

child fatalities, in Rockefeller Foundation IHB hookworm eradication campaigns, 1914–34 149–50, 153, 155, 156–8, 166, 168

age at death 149, 155, 156, 160–61, 162, 166, 168

chenopodium intoxication as cause 149–50, 153, 155–61, 167, 168, 169

compensation payments 150, 151, 167, 168–9

ethical issues 150, 156–7, 162, 164–9

IHB reaction to 150, 151

internal investigation 149, 156, 168

liability issues 164–9

records of 156–8, 163

childbirth

in 16th century 276–7

anaesthesia in 542–3

see also midwives

children

cancer in 265–6

deaf children, in Silesia 389, 394

tuberculosis treatment 264–5

China

19th-century famine 130–31

lead production 324, 325

leprosy in 280–81

toy factories 334, 339; conditions in 315; lead

paint, use of 315–16, 317, 325–6

China Labor Watch (US) 315

cholera 234, 544–5

in Britain 545–6

in India (colonial) 299, 300

Christie, Thomas, on beriberi 297–8, 300

Chu, Eric K 187

Church, Roy and E M Tansey: Burroughs Wellcome & Co.: knowledge, trust, profit and the transformation of the British pharmaceutical industry, 1880–1940, reviewed 260–61

Church Missionary Society (CMS), in West Africa 141, 242

Churchill, John Edward Francis, his Spirone inhalant 183, 184

Cilento, Raphael 7

Cinchona 86

C. brachycarpa 77

C. caribæa 77

C. officinalis 77

C. triflora 77

cinchona bark 77

active components 89–92

botanical description 85, 86

discovery/identification of 76, 86

importance of 76

cinchona substitutes 83–6, 93–4

active components 89–92

importance of 75, 77, 83

search for 75, 77, 78, 91–2, 93

Swietenia febrifuga as 75–94

cinchonin alkaloid 90–91

Cirillo, Vincent J, book review by 547–8

City of London Hospital for Diseases of the Chest 187

Claridge, William 251–2

Clark, Francis, on beriberi 305–6

classification of diseases 436

Clifford, Hugh, governor of the Gold Coast 237–8, 248

climate see medical meteorology

climate therapy 235–6

clinical genetics, as a specialization 474

clinical pharmacology 268–9

Clitoria ternata 81

Clot-Bey, Antoine-Barthélémy 365

cognitive science, history of 143–4

College of Surgeons, London 87

Collectanea meteorologica (Denmark) 224

Collip, James (“Bert”) 28

Colombia

anti-US feelings 167

Rockefeller Foundation IHB hookworm

eradication campaign 149–50, 151–2, 155, 164, 167, 169

colonial medicine 85–6, 92–3

in Africa: Natal 282–3; see also West Africa; West African Medical Staff

European authority over 75–6, 81–2, 85, 87–9, 91, 93

European rejection of colonial remedies 82–3, 87–8, 92–3

gender issues in 92

in India 75, 77, 78–9, 80, 82, 83–4

Irish doctors in 58–9, 60, 71, 72, 74

local remedies, unreliable descriptions of 87–9, 92

medical alternatives, search for 75, 76–7, 81, 85, 87, 89–92

mental health/hygiene 282–3

in South America 159

specimens from, transport problems over 87–8, 90

standardization in 89–90

colonies, climatic impact on Europeans 216

Comerford, Michael (of Ballinasloe) 63–4

Commission on Higher Education (Republic of Ireland): Report 55, 68

Committee to inquire into the causes … sufficient eligible candidates … to the Army Medical Department: Report 61, 71

Commonwealth Department of Health, Australia 7, 22

funding 25

Commonwealth Health Laboratories (Australia) 26

Commonwealth Institute of Anatomy, Canberra 8

Commonwealth Radium Laboratory (Australia) 8

Commonwealth Serum Laboratories (CSL) (Australia) 7–8, 10, 18, 24

funding 23

Hall Institute and 25

vaccine manufacture 24, 25

community nursing, in 20th-century Britain 120–21

Company of Farriers 32

Compier, Abdul Haq, book review by 277–8

Conolly, Valentine 80

consumerism 316

contagious disease(s) see infectious disease(s)

Contagious Diseases of Animals Act 1878 30, 51

contributory schemes see hospital contributory schemes

Cook, Harold 322

Coombes, Robert, trial for murder 433–4

Coope, Robert 107

Cooter, Roger 2

book review by 124–6

Cope, Sir Zachary: William Cheselden … 522

Copenhagen Observatory 226

Copenhagen University 223

psychiatric training at 362

physiological laboratory 234

Cork Infirmary 506–7

Cornette, C M 90

corpses, women in contact with 511

see also dissecting rooms

Cory, Gerald A (Jr) see Wilson, Daniel R and Gerald A Cory Jr

cosmetic medicine, in medieval Islam 205, 206

Costa Rica 157, 159

Council for Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) 5

Courtice, Frederick 4

Coventry, Peter 474

Cowie, Jefferson R: Capital moves … 320

Cox, Albert S (of Altrincham) 42

Crawford, D G: Roll of the Indian Medical Service 59

Crellin, John K and Jane Philpott: A reference guide to medical plants … 160

Croly, Dr (of West African Medical Staff) 250

Crowther, M Anne and Marguerite W Dupree: Medical lives … 57, 59

Crozier, Anna, book review by 262–3

Crozier, Ivan (ed.): Sexual inversion: a critical edition: Havelock Ellis and John Addington Symonds, reviewed 557–9

Cryle, Peter and Christopher E Forth (eds): Sexuality at the fin de siècle: the making of a “central problem”, reviewed 416–17

Cuba 166

yellow fever in 547–8

Cullen, Clare 496

Cullen, Lynsey 488

Cullen, William 82, 300

on asthma 176, 181

Cumpston, (John) Howard L 7, 15

influence/importance 23, 25, 26

Charles Kellaway and 23

Sir Henry Wellcome and 22–3

Cunard shipping line 58

curare, used in shock therapy 360

Cyran, Emil 393

Dagg, Christina Caldwell 504

Daily Graphic 497

Dale, Henry 10, 17, 19, 23, 25

Charles Kellaway and 11, 12

research methods 12, 13, 14

Dale, Pamela, book review by 287–8

Dale, William 501

Dalrymple, Alexander 82

William Roxburgh's criticism of 82–3

al-Damanhūrī, Sheik Ahmad 368

Dangerous Drugs Act 1920 188–9

Danish Academy of Surgery, Copenhagen 224

Danish Royal College of Health 218, 235

Danish Psychiatric Society (Dansk Psykiatrisk Selskab) 351

Cardiazol/insulin coma therapy study 359–60

Darling, Samuel 154, 158, 161, 163, 166

Darwin, Charles 455

Darwin family 66

Dasen, Véronique see King, Helen and Véronique Dasen

Daston, Lorraine 319, 519, 522

Datura

D. ferox 179, 194

D. stramonium (thorn-apple) 174, 179, 194; see also stramonium inhalation

Davaine, Casimir-Joseph 234

David, Rosalie (ed.): Egyptian mummies and modern science, reviewed 134–5

Davidson, George 77

Davies, Daniel T 101–2

Davies, William Broughton 242, 246, 251

Davis, Gayle: ‘The cruel madness of love’: sex, syphilis and psychiatry in Scotland, reviewed 139–40

Davis, Lennard J: Obsession: a history, reviewed 427–8

Davis, Vivianne de Vahl 26–7

Dawson, Lesel: Lovesickness and gender in early modern English literature, reviewed 137–8

Day & Sons, Crewe (veterinary chemists) 32

de Haan, Ido, book review by 412–14

de Kruif, Paul 529

Our medicine men 529

The sweeping wind … 529, 534

Why keep them alive? 535

de Kruif, Paul: Microbe hunters

Clifford Dobell and 529, 531–6

Ronald Ross and 533–4

de Kruif, Paul and Sinclair Lewis: Arrowsmith 529

deaf children, in Silesia 389, 394

death/dying, in medieval England 406–7

Debevoise, Thomas 164

degeneracy theory, homicidal mania and 454

Delahunt, James J (of Ballinasloe) 63

delusional insanity 442–5, 453

idée fixe 447

see also homicidal mania

Dengel, Anna 500

Denmark 226

19th-century medical meteorology 215, 217–36

medical geography/topography 217, 224, 228

meteorological observations 223–4, 225–6, 225, 228, 229, 235–6

medical training 223; psychiatric 362–3

mortality rates 228–9

psychiatry in 412–13

see also Danish …

Denmark, state mental hospitals 344, 345, 348, 358, 361, 362–3

lobotomies performed in 352, 353

shock therapy in 343–6, 348–64

Vordingborg hospital 344, 348, 349, 352–6, 357, 363

Department of the Environment 467

Department of Health and Social Security (DHSS), sports medicine/injuries and 463, 464, 465, 466, 467, 468, 472

Derrick, Edward (“Ted”) 8

Desmond, Ray 93

Dew, Harold 26

Dharmendra (Indian physician) 188

Dick, William 30, 32, 33, 35, 41, 46, 52

Dickson, Emily Winifred 501, 504, 507, 515

diet 285–6

as a cause of dyspepsia 99–100, 103, 104

obesity and 565–7

for ulcer patients 104, 107

see also nutrition; nutritional deficiency

digestion see gastrointestinal illness

Digby, Anne: Making a medical living … 61, 62, 63, 65

Dijkhuizen, Jan Frans van and Karl A E Enenkel (eds): The sense of suffering: constructions of physical pain in early modern culture, reviewed 279–80

Dioscorides 174

diphtheria, immunization against 24

disease, mapping of 215–16, 217

dissecting rooms, separate provision for women students 509–12, 516

dissection, photographic record of 540–41

Dixon, Thomas, book review by 557–9

Djørup, Michael 231

Dobell, Clifford 529, 530

Paul de Kruif: Microbe hunters and 529, 531–6

Giovanni Battista Grassi and 531, 532, 534

papers/publications 530

Ronald Ross and 531, 535–6

Dr Steevens’ Hospital, Dublin 57, 61, 62, 506

Dodd, John 482, 483, 491, 492

Dollar, Thomas 41, 42, 46

Dols, Michael 366, 384

Doroshow, Deborah 342

Dougall, Rona see Sweet, Helen M and Rona Dougall

Douglas, James 87

Dow, Derek A, book reviews by 120–21, 567–8

Drake, Daniel 216

Drazen, Jeffrey M 187

dropsy 313

comparison with beriberi 302, 309, 312

drug taking/addiction 171–2, 173, 193–4

ether drinking as 388, 390, 392, 394

hallucinogenic drugs 174, 194

LSD 561–2

see also cannabis; opium

drugs see medicine(s)

Dublin Eye and Ear Hospital 507

Dublin Hospitals Commission Report, 1887 507

Dublin Medical Press 504, 505

Dublin Mental Hospital 508

Dublin University see Trinity College, Dublin

Dublin Women's Suffrage Association 496

Duffin, William 78

Duncan, Andrew (Jr) 84, 86, 88, 89, 91

Edinburgh new dispensatory 88, 89

Tentamen inaugurale de Swietenia … (doctoral thesis) 88, 90

Duncan, Andrew (Sr) 87, 88

Dupree, Marguerite W see Crowther, M Anne and Marguerite W Dupree

Duran-Reynals, Marie Louise de Ayala 86

Dyck, Erika: Psychedelic psychiatry: LSD from clinic to campus, reviewed 561–2

Dyer, Sidney 445

dysentery 219

Charles Kellaway's research on 11

dyspepsia see gastrointestinal illness

Easmon, John Farrell 240, 241–2, 244, 248, 250, 251

East India Company (EIC) 75, 78–81, 82, 84, 86, 178

James Anderson as Madras Hospital Board

president 79–80, 178–9

beriberi in native soldiers recruited by 297–8, 299, 300

Madras Presidency/Medical Board 298, 299, 300

Charles Oakley as Madras Council president 79

Samulcottah (Calcutta) botanical gardens 75;

William Roxburgh as Superintendent 82, 84, 92

see also India

Eaton, R (of Ballinasloe) 63–4

Ebers Papyrus (c.1550 bc) 174

Ebrahimnejad, Hormoz (ed.): The development of modern medicine in non-western countries: historical perspectives, reviewed 262–3

Eccles, John (“Jack”) 15, 16, 18

Eckersberg, Christoffer Vilhelm 225

ecological issues 76

Eder, Sandra, book review by 556–7

Edgerton-Tarpley, Kathryn: Tears from iron: cultural responses to famine in nineteenth-century China, reviewed 130–31

Edinburgh University Medical Faculty

Irish graduates 49, 63

West African students 242, 246

women students 509

Edmondson, James M see Warner, John Harley and James M Edmondson

Edwards, Martin: Control and the therapeutic trial: rhetoric and experimentation in Britain, 1918–1948, reviewed 421–2

Edwards, Virginia S 192

Egerton, Walter, governor of Southern Nigeria 251

Egypt (ancient), respiratory disease 174, 178

Egypt, Ottoman period (1517–1805) 365

Europeans in 365, 370, 371, 372, 378, 381, 383

Galenic medicine in 372, 380–81, 386

medical texts 367, 368–9, 372–3

medicine as science/craft, controversy over 367–73

Sufism in 382

Egypt, Ottoman period, medical healers in 365–86

barbers as 365, 366, 380

as craftsmen 365, 366, 371–3

diseases, understanding causes of 380–81

European opinion of 365–6

Greco-Roman influence 371–2

guilds for 366–7, 374–80, 386

in hospitals 373, 378, 379

humoral system practised by 366, 370

licensing/qualifications 366, 368–9, 373, 376

malpractice 376–7

as men of learning/knowledge 366, 367–71

non-Egyptian 379; Jews 377–8

popular healers 380–86

religious toleration among 377–8

Sufi Sheiks as 382–3

training 368–9, 370–71, 372–3, 380

women as 370, 378–9, 385–6; as midwives 378–9; wives as 386

Egyptian mummies, study of 134–5

Eigen, Joel P

‘Diagnosing Homicidal Mania: Forensic

Psychiatry and the Purposeless Murder’ 433–56

Eijk, Philip van der 213–14

Eijkman, Christiaan, on beriberi 302

Ekirch, A Roger, book review by 286–7

El-Nahal, Galal H 375

electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) 341, 343, 363

criticism of 341–2

see also shock therapy

Elliott, Rosemary 172

Elliott, Thomas 12

Charles Kellaway and 13

Ellis, Havelock and John Addington Symonds: Sexual inversion, a critical edition, ed. Ivan Crozier 557–9

emetics, use of 222

emigration see medical emigration

Enabling Act 1876 496

Enenkel, Karl A E see van Dijkhuizen, Jan Frans and Karl A E Enenkel

English East India Company see East India Company

Enke, Ulrike (ed.): Die Medizinische Facultät der Universität Giessen: Institutionen, Akteure und Ereignisse von der Gründung 1607 bis ins 20. Jahrhundert, reviewed 144–5

environmental issues 321–2, 334, 338

see also industrial hazards; medical

meteorology

Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) (US) 334, 335

ephedrine, in asthma treatment 188

epidemic constitution concept 220–21, 222, 223

epidemics

aetiology of 221–2, 231

climatic causes of 219–23, 224, 226, 227, 231–3, 235

contagious 221

demography and 224

official reports on 218–23, 235

Thomas Sydenham on 220, 222

theories of 218, 234–5, 236

treatment 222–3

epidemiology see palaeoepidemiology

epilepsy 346, 354

homicidal mania and 438, 440, 445–7, 450, 451–2, 453, 452

masked/larval/silent form of 445–7, 450, 453, 454

Henry Maudsley on 446

Pieter van Foreest: Observationes on 277–8

vertige épileptique 438–9, 453

Esler, Robert 70, 73–4

Espinosa, Mariola: Epidemic invasions: yellow fever and the limits of Cuban independence, reviewed 547–8

Esquirol, Jean-Etienne-Dominique, on insanity 436

Estes, J Worth 365–6

ether drinking 387

ether drinking, in Silesia 387–96

as illegal 388, 389, 390, 391–2, 394, 396

reasons for 390–92, 393–4

surveys/statistics on 388–9, 390, 392

ethical issues

in imperial Germany 414–15

in international public health programmes 150, 156–7, 162, 164–9

evil eye, belief in 381

see also superstitions

evolutionary theory, homicidal mania and 454, 455

eye diseases 373

Falconer, Hugh 93

Falret, Jean-François 445

famine, in 19th-century China 130–31

Fantini, Bernardino 533

Far Eastern Association of Tropical Medicine (FEATM), beriberi debate at 304, 305–6, 307, 308, 309, 310, 312, 313

Farley, John 163

Farquhar, William 82

farriers 41

fees 41

as veterinary surgeons in 19th-century England 32, 33, 35, 54

Fawsett, Johannes 87

Dissertatio medica … 87

febrifuge see Swietenia febrifuga

Federal Health Council (Australia) 23

Feldberg, Wilhelm 10, 18

Fenger, Carl Emil 226, 227, 231, 234

fever(s)

blackwater 242

gastric 232

malaria see malaria

treatment 75, 76, 78, 81, 82, 85, 87; quinine 77, 91, 92, 93–4

yellow fever 151, 165–6, 167; in Cuba 547–8

Fibiger, Christian 135

Om Klimaets Virkinger … 235

Fink, Max 341

Finlayson, Geoffrey 475–6, 488

First World War (1914–18) 529

effects of 11, 56; medical 96–7; on medical

research 2–4

military medicine 411–12

voluntary hospitals during 475–6

women trained as doctors during 497

Firstenberg, Julian 392, 395

Fishbein, Morris 535

Fisher, John 30, 31, 51

Fisher, Turner J 73

Fitzpatrick, A J and W E Vaughan: Irish historical statistics … 65, 69

Fitzwygram, Sir Frederick, as RCVS president 52

Fleming, George 46, 48, 49, 50, 52, 54

as RCVS president 52

Fleming, James R 216

Fleming, John 83–4, 87

‘Catalogue of Indian medicinal plants’ 84

Fletcher, Robert V (of Ballinasloe) 63

Fletcher, Walter Morley 12, 23

Flexner, Abraham 5, 13, 17

Flexner, Simon, as Rockefeller Foundation Institute for Medical Research scientific director 163

Florey, Howard 28

Floyer, John: A treatise of the asthma 176, 177

Fluery, Eleanora 504

Fog, Morgens 361

folklore see magic

Folly, T L F 78

food history, obesity and 565–7

see also diet

Forbes, John (Sr) 80–81, 85

Forbes & Co. shipping company 80

Ford, Brian 535

Foreest, Pieter van (Petrus Forestus): Observationes, on epilepsy 277–8

forensic psychiatry see homicidal mania

Forestus, Petrus see Foreest, Pieter van

Fornaciari, Gino, book review by 134–5

Rachel Forster Hospital, Sydney 10

Forth, Christopher E: Masculinity in the modern west: gender, civilization and the body, reviewed 417–18

see also Cryle, Peter and Christopher E Forth

Forth, Christopher E and Ana Carden-Coyne: Culture of the abdomen: diet, digestion, and fat in the modern world, reviewed 285–6

Fourcroy, Antoine François 90

Fox, Daniel 475

Foxcroft, Louise 182

France

19th-century medical research 215–16

beriberi commission 308–9, 310

medical meteorology 216–17, 224, 231–2

medical specialization 458

medical statistics 226

shock therapy used in 364

Frank, John Peter 218

Frankland, A W see Rapp, Doris J and A W Frankland

Fraser, Henry, on beriberi 304, 305

Freeman's Journal 496

Freidenfelds, Lara: The modern period: menstruation in twentieth-century America, reviewed 564–5

French pox, in early modern Germany 550–51

J S Fry and Sons, Bristol 481–2

fumigation see inhalation therapy

funding, of medical research

in Australia 1, 3, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 14, 17, 18, 19–29; federal 22–5; non-governmental 20–22

in Britain 20, 21, 22, 23

in Canada 19

in US 19–20, 21

Fyfe, Christopher 241

Gadelrab, Sherry Sayed

‘Medical Healers in Ottoman Egypt, 1517–1805’ 365–86

Gahagan, Terence 80

Galen (Claudius Galenius)/Galenic medicine 222, 272–3

case studies in 196, 199, 200, 206, 214;

narrative style 206

in Ottoman Egypt 372, 380–81, 386

on respiratory disease 174, 175

Galison, Peter 519, 522

Gambia 244, 249

Gamgee, John 34–5, 50

gangrene 82, 89

Garces, Julián 160

Gardner-Thorpe, Christopher see Knox, Andrew and Christopher Gardner-Thorpe

Garrison, Fielding H: An introduction to the history of medicine 530

gastric fever 232

Gastroenterological Club 104

gastroenterology, as a medical specialism 104–5, 110

gastrointestinal illness 285–6

gastrointestinal illness, in British servicemen 1939–45 95–110

causes 95, 97–8, 99–103, 105, 108; dietary 99–100, 103, 104; flying 105–6; sleep

deprivation 103, 104; stress-related 99, 101–4, 106, 108; tobacco use 99, 100, 103, 104, 105; of ulcers 95, 97–8, 99, 100–101, 102–3

history of 96–7

numbers of cases 98–9, 100–101, 102, 106, 109;

of ulcers 98, 99, 100–101, 102–3, 106

studies of 98–103

treatment 104–9; dietary 104, 107; psychological 95, 105, 107–10; surgery 107; of ulcers 104, 105, 106, 109

types of 95; dyspepsia 95, 97–101, 109; ulcers 95, 97–8, 99, 100–101, 102–3, 105

Gavarret, Jules 226–7

Principes généraux de statistique médicale 226

Geggus, David, book review by 408–9

gelatine 90

gender issues 417–18

melancholy 137–8

sex determination 557–9; US 556–7

General Medical Council (GMC) 56, 68

genetics see clinical genetics

Gent, William 178–9

Gentilcore, David see Cavallo, Sandra and David Gentilcore

geography see medical geography

Georget, Etienne-Jean, on insanity 436

Gerard of Cremona 209

Germany

19th-century medical research 215–16

French pox in early modern 550–51

medical meteorology 228

mortality, seasonal impact on 228, 230

see also Giessen University

Gerrard, James 45

Giessen University medical faculty, history of 144–5

Gijswijt-Hofstra, Marijke see Oosterhuis, Harry and Marijke Gijswijt-Hofstra

Gill, Geoffrey see Holland, Michael, Geoffrey Gill and Sean Burrell

Gillespie, James 26

Glasgow University medical school, Irish graduates 57–8, 59

GlaxoSmithKline see Burroughs Wellcome and Co.

Godber, George, as Chief Medical Officer 463

Gold Coast 243, 244, 248, 250, 251–2, 253

Gold Coast Medical Service 242

Gomez, Dr (of Portuguese navy) 90, 91

Gompers, Samuel 328

Goodman, Jordan 172

Gorgas Memorial Institute of Tropical and Preventive Medicine (US) 21

Gorsky, Martin 476, 478

book review by 568–9

Gosling, George Campbell

‘“Open the Other Eye”: Payment, Civic Duty

and Hospital Contributory Schemes in

Bristol, c. 1927–48’ 475–94

Gowland, Rebecca, book review by 407–8

Grabski, Wladyslaw 391

Gradmann, Christoph, book review by 266–8

Graham, J Gibson 99

Graham, James, his celestial bed 138–9

Grassi, Giovanni Battista

Clifford Dobell and 531, 532, 534

malaria, work on 529, 530, 531

papers/publications 531, 532, 533

Ronald Ross, controversy with 530–34, 535–6

death 532

Gray, John 85

Greaves, Thomas (of Manchester) 48

Greece (ancient)

Asklepios cult 271–2

medicine in 551–2

respiratory disease 174, 178

Green, David 476

Gregory, Andrew, book review by 552–3

Gregory, James: Of Victorians and vegetarians: the vegetarian movement in nineteenth-century Britain, reviewed 415–16

Greider, William 320

Griffith, William Brandford, governor of the Gold Coast 243

Grimwade, Russell 20–21

Grob, Gerald N 343

Grove, Richard 321

Guatemala 157, 159

Gucht, Gerard van der 518–19, 522, 525–6

guilds see medical guilds

Gulf War syndrome 95

Gunther, John and Frances: Death be not proud 265, 266

Gurney, Russell 496

Gutas, Dimitri 203

Guy's Hospital, London 509

gynaecology

in 16th century 276–7

pioneers in 288–9

Hackett, Lewis 156, 157–8, 166, 168

Hacking, Ian: Historical ontology 319

Hadfield, James, trial for murder 441, 442, 443

Hahnemann, Samuel 223

Hahnemann, Victor 348, 350, 351, 352

al-Hak, ‘Abd Allah ibn ‘Abd 373

al-Hakim, Badr al-din al-Qarāfī 368

Hall, Lesley A, book review by 416–17

Walter and Elizabeth Hall Trust 20

Hall Institute, Melbourne (Walter and Eliza Hall Institute of Research in Pathology and Medicine) 2

Frank M Burnet as director 19, 21

CSL and 25

funding 17, 18, 19–27; federal 22–5;

non-governmental 20–22

history 8

Charles Kellaway as director 2, 10, 12, 13, 14–27

library 21

Melbourne Hospital and 13, 14, 15, 16, 18

Melbourne University and 14, 18–19

organizational structure 9, 10, 13, 14–16, 27;

team work 15

premises 19

research programmes 14, 15–16; virus research 24–6

staff 10, 15

success of 10, 15, 27, 28

al-Hallāq, Muhammad Ibn Qayyim 373

Hamersley, Hugh 4, 10, 14, 21

Hamilton, Dr (President, Queen's College, Belfast) 501

Hamilton, Alice 328, 329

Hamilton, John, Roman Catholic Archbishop of St Andrews 175–6

Hamlin, Christopher: Cholera: the biography, reviewed 544–5

Handyside, Professor (of Edinburgh) 506

Hankinson, R J (ed.): The Cambridge companion to Galen, reviewed 272–3

Hannaway, Caroline (ed.): Biomedicine in the twentieth century: practices, policies, and politics, reviewed 121–2

Hannover, Adolph 231

Statistiske Undersøgelser 231

Harcourt, Alf 534

Harcourt, Lewis, as Secretary of State for the Colonies 240

Harden, Victoria A 123

Harrison, Mark 77, 321

book review by 411–12

Harrison, Mark, Margaret Jones, and Helen Sweet (eds): From western medicine to global medicine: the hospital beyond the west, reviewed 422–3

Harvard University 509

Harvey, David 320

al-Hāshimī, Īsá (Abū Ja‘far Ahmad) 196, 202

Al-Majālis fī-l-tibb 200

case studies 196–7, 199, 200, 201, 202–3

Haslam, Thomas and Anna 496

Hawes, Benjamin, as Deputy Secretary of War 242

Haycock, David Boyd: Mortal coil: a short history of living longer, reviewed 284–5

Hayward, Rhodri, book review by 427–8

Head, Sir Henry 259–60

Healey, Dan: Bolshevik sexual forensics: diagnosing disorder in the clinic and courtroom, 1917–1939, reviewed 418–19

health cures see climate therapy

health and safety issues see public health

Healy, David 342–3

see also Shorter, Edward and David Healy

heart conditions

electrocardiograms for detection of 358–9

in mental patients 358–9, 360

war-related 96–7

heart transplants, in Britain 423–4

Heggie, Vanessa

‘Specialization without the Hospital: The Case

of British Sports Medicine’ 457–74

Heiser, Victor 154

on beriberi 304, 305–6, 307, 310

Hektoen, Ludvig 535

Helicobacter pylori 109

Helmont, John Baptista van 176

Henderson, William R 244

Hendriksen, Valdemar 358

Henry, M (French chemist) 91

hermaphrodites 556–7

Hernández, Francisco 159

Herxheimer, H 187

Herzberg, David: Happy pills in America: from Miltown to Prozac, reviewed 428–9

Highland and Agricultural Society (HAS) 30

Highland and Agricultural Society Certificate (HASC) 32, 33, 47, 52

Hill, Archibald 10

Hill, J Woodroffe (of Wolverhampton) 41

Hill, James 3

Hilton, Matthew 172, 181–2

Hinds-Howell, C A 99

Hippocrates, on respiratory disease 174, 175, 176, 178

Hippocratic Corpus: Airs, waters and places 225, 226–7

Hippocratic medicine 199, 216, 217, 219, 222, 243

in Ottoman Egypt 369

Hippocratic Oath, history of 135–6

Hirsch, August: Handbuch der historisch-geographischen Pathologie 235

Hobbins, Peter Graeme

‘“Outside the Institute there is a Desert”: The

Tenuous Trajectories of Medical Research

in Interwar Australia’ 1–28

Hobby, Elaine (ed.): The birth of mankind: otherwise named, The woman's book, reviewed 276–7

Holland, Michael, Geoffrey Gill and Sean Burrell (eds): Cholera and conflict: 19th century cholera in Britain and its social consequences, reviewed 545–6

Home, Rod 4

homicidal mania 433–56

autonomous will and 448, 451, 452–3

case studies 433–6, 437, 438, 441–2, 443–4, 445, 446–7, 452

causes 433, 434, 438–40

definition 437, 443–4, 452

degeneracy theory and 454

evolutionary theory and 454, 455

forms of 434, 436–7, 438, 439–40, 441, 442; delusional 442–5, 447, 453; epilepsy 438, 440, 445–7, 450, 451–2, 453, 454; puerperal 440, 447–8; sleepwalking 438, 439, 440, 441

history of 433–9, 451–6

intentionality and 448–9

as loss of control 453, 456

McNaughtan Rules on 437, 438, 439

Henry Maudsley on 446, 448, 451, 454

as melancholia 440, 443

numbers of cases 436, 439

prison/police doctors on 449–51

reflex action(s) and 448–9

source material on (Old Bailey Sessions Papers) 434–6, 439, 455

Alfred Swaine Taylor on 441–2, 444–5, 455

witness observations on 435, 437, 449–51;

prisoners as witnesses 450

homosexuality 557–9

Hood, Thomas 249, 251

Hooke, Robert 526

Hooker, Claire 24

hookworm disease/infection 152–3, 158, 301

transmission of 152

treatment 152, 153; see also next entry

hookworm eradication campaigns (Rockefeller Foundation IHB), 1914–34 149–70

chenopodium oil, use of 149–50, 153, 154–61; as

poisonous 149–50, 153, 154, 155–61, 167, 168, 169

child fatalities 149–50, 153, 155, 156–8, 166, 167, 168

children, treatment of 153, 161–2

in Colombia 149–50, 151–2, 155, 164, 167, 169

ethical issues 150, 156–7, 162, 164–9

as experimental, on human subjects 150–51, 154–5, 161–9

field protocols 150–51, 161–4

information/educational campaigns on 165

jurisdictional issues 150, 151, 152, 164–5, 166–7

staffing of 166–7

hookworm eradication campaigns (Rockefeller Foundation IHB), in US, 1909–1913 151, 153, 155

Hope, Dr (Edinburgh University professor of botany) 77

Hopkins, Francis 253

Horden, Peregrine: Hospitals and healing from Antiquity to the later Middle Ages, reviewed 405–6

Horncastle Hospital, Lincoln 87

Horne, Patrick (of Ballinasloe) 64

Hornemann, Emile 234

horses see animal diseases

Horton, James Beale (“Africanus”) 242, 246–7, 251

hospital almoners 477, 488

hospital contributory schemes 492, 494–5

BMA on 478, 479

in Bristol see Bristol

development of 477, 481

as mutual societies/insurance schemes 477–8, 486, 487–8

as philanthropic 488–9

as reciprocal 491

in Sheffield 482, 492

types of 477–8, 489

hospital funding, in Ireland 497, 507–8

Hospital Saving Association, London 483

hospital visiting, history of 562–4

hospitals

early history 405–6

non-European, development of 422–3

private patients 478–81, 493–4

public 480–81, 494

Sports Injuries Clinics in 465, 467, 469

voluntary see voluntary hospitals

see also individual institutions

Houston, Robert A, book reviews by 139–40, 548–50

Howard, Hector 160, 164, 168

Hrabin, Kazimierz 388–9

Hubbard, William H, book reviews by 128–30, 548–9

Hudson, Geoffrey L (ed.): British military and naval medicine, 1600–1830, reviewed 410–11

Hull, Andrew J 15

book review by 562–4

human understanding, Joseph Locke on 517, 523–8

humoral theory, of disease 174–5, 176, 178, 258, 366, 370

Hunter, Michael: Boyle: between God and science, reviewed 400–402

Hunter, William, on tropical diseases 297–8

Hunting, Charles 48

Hurst, Arthur

as an asthmatic 187

as a gastroenterologist 104, 106, 108, 109

hygiene see public health/hygiene

Hygieniske Meddelelser 234

Hymenodictyon 84

hysteria 546–7

male hysteria 127–8

see also mental health

Ibn Abī Usaybi‘a 208

on Avenzoar in his ‘Uyūn al-anbā … 208

Ibn Baklarish: Kitāb al-adwiyat al-mufrada … 269–71

Ibn Butlān 207

Ibn Dāwūd, Sulaymān 371

Ibn al-Ghazzal 370

Ibn al-Hakīm 384

Ibn Khaldūn 378, 384

al-Muqaddimah 367

Ibn Mikkī, Muhammad 371

Ibn al-Nafis: al-Mūjiz 369

Ibn Ridwān 207

Ibn Sarabīūn, Yuhannā 175

Ibn Sinā, Abu Ali al-Hussayn ibn 'Abdallah see Avicenna

immunology, history of 266–8

India 7, 155

Āyurvedic medicine 174, 178

Bengal 84

biomedicine in 553–4

Bombay 81

colonial/native medicine(s) 75, 77, 78–9, 80, 82, 83–4

Coromandel coast 82

Madras 75, 78–80, 81, 82, 86

medical services 58–9, 71, 72, 75, 77, 78–9, 80, 82, 83–4; Irish doctors in 58–9

missionaries/mission doctors 77, 78

smoke inhalation practices 174; of stramonium 173, 178–9, 188

see also East India Company

India (colonial)

beriberi in 296–300, 302–4, 305–14

cholera in 299, 300

medicine/medical services 297

Public Health Commission 311

Indian Army 301

Indian Medical Service (IMS) 59, 71, 72, 238

beriberi, interest in 302, 309, 311

John Megaw as Director-General 309

Indian Research Fund Foundation 19

industrial hazards 315–40

attitudes to 315, 316–17, 324–6, 329–31, 338

in developing nations 315–16, 325, 329–30;

see also China; Mexico

historical survey 317–22, 326–9; business/labour

histories 320–21; ontological approach 319–20; sociological approach 320

international monitoring of 316–17; by ILO 325, 326–9, 331, 333

from lead/lead paint 315–16, 317, 322, 323, 325–6, 329–40

mortality rate from 323

spatial fix concept 320–21

infectious disease(s) 126–7, 215

see also syphilis

Infirmary for Asthma, Consumption and other Diseases of the Chest, London 179

inhalation therapy 173, 174, 176

inhalation therapy, for asthma 171, 173–94

in ancient world 174–5, 178

decline in 173, 176, 186–92, 193–4

delivery methods 186, 188; cigarettes 183–4, 185, 186, 191–2, 193; vapour inhalers 177–8, 177, 183–4, 184, 188–9, 193

history 173–8, 193

in Islamic medicine 175

opposition to 187–8, 189, 190, 192

preparations used 171, 175, 177, 178, 179, 182, 184, 187, 188–9; atropine 187, 188, 189, 192; steroids 189; stramonium 173, 178–84, 184, 185, 186–7, 188, 189–92

insomnia 286–7

Instant relief to the asthmatic 177

Institute of Medical Research, Queensland 8, 15

Institute of Medical and Veterinary Science (IMVS), Adelaide 8, 9

Institute of Pathological Research, Sydney see Kolling Institute

Institute of Preventive Medicine, Victoria 3

Institute of Sports Medicine 462

insulin coma therapy (ICT) 342–3, 347, 350–51, 356, 358, 360–61, 364

criticism of 364

Danish Psychiatric Society report on 359–60

media coverage 361

method 348

use of, for schizophrenia 359–61

see also shock therapy

insurance see medical insurance

Intercollegiate Academic Board of Sport and Exercise 473

International Labour Organization (ILO) 317, 323, 326–9, 331, 333

conventions passed by 325, 331; ban on white

lead in paint 327

international public health programmes 151–2, 153, 161

ethical issues 150, 156–7, 162, 164–9

as experimental 150–51, 154–5, 161–4

field protocols 150–51, 161–4

on hookworm eradication 149–70

jurisdictional issues 150, 151, 152, 164–5, 166–7

intersexed persons, in US 556–7

ipecacuanha 87–8, 91, 180

Ireland

doctor/patient ratio 64–5

hospital funding 497, 507–8

medical emigration from, 1860–1905 55–74

medical fees/incomes 61–2; in Ballinasloe, Co.

Galway 62–4; of Poor Law doctors 61, 66, 71

medical training/degrees 56–7; numbers of

students 61, 68–70 74; private schools 57;

for women see medical training for women;

see also individual institutions

national identity 73

partition 72

public medical appointments 63–4

voluntary hospitals 507

women's education 496

see also Northern Ireland

Irish Medical Directory 63–4

Irish Medical Register 65

Irish Medical Schools’ and Graduates’ Association 64, 72–3

Irish Poor Law doctors 61

income levels/fees 61, 66, 71

Irish Presbyterian Society 496

Irish Times 497, 505

Irving, Ralph 91

‘Īsā, Ahmad 373

Islamic medicine

in Ottoman Egypt 365–86

respiratory disease(s), treatment of 175

Islamic medicine, medieval

case studies (tajārib/mujarrabāt) 195–214

clinical practice 196, 201, 207, 210–12, 213

cosmetic medicine 205, 206

cultural/social setting 213–14

diet in 201

magic/magical recipes 197–8, 199–200; see also prescriptions below

mental illness 212

patronage in 206–7

prescriptions 195, 197, 198, 199, 201, 203; see

also magic above

surgery 204–7

therapeutic methods 201

training in 202, 203, 209

treatises/textbooks 195–6, 198, 199–200, 201, 203, 205, 207, 209

Ismā‘il, ‘Abd al-Rahmān 380, 381

Israel, health care system 568–9

Italy, history of medicine in 403–6

Jackson, Mark

book review by 268–9

‘“Divine Stramonium”: The Rise and Fall of

Smoking for Asthma’ 171–94

Jacyna, L S 504

Jade, Professor (of Copenhagen) 78

James, Sidney P 534

Jankovic, Vladimir 217, 219

Janku, Andrea, book review by 130–31

Januszewicz, Alfons 395

Japan, beriberi in 296, 297, 301, 302, 303, 304, 309

Jarcho, Saul: Quinine's predecessor … 77

Java, beriberi in 297, 302

Jeanneret, Michel see Carlino, Andrea and Michel Jeanneret

Jellett, Eva 504

Jenkins, A P (ed): The journal and official correspondence of Bernard Jean Bettelheim, 1845–54, Part 1: 1845–51, reviewed 555–6

Jennings, Denys 98

Jex-Blake, Sophia 506

al-Jirwānī, Shams al-din Muhammad Ibn 'Azzām 372–3

John, Rev'd Christopher Samuel 78

Johns Hopkins University

Charles Kellaway as Charles E Dohme

Memorial Lecturer 18

public health research programme 161

women medical students 513, 514

Johnson, J 182

Johnson, Obadiah 242

Johnson, Ryan

‘“An All-white Institution”: Defending Private

Practice in the Formation of the West

African Medical Staff’ 237–54

Joint Service Medical Rehabilitation Unit, Surrey 467

Jonathan Cape (publisher) 533–4

Jones, Frederick Wood 6

Jones, Greta

‘“Strike out Boldly for the Prizes that are

Available to You’: Medical Emigration from

Ireland 1860–1905’ 55–74

Jones, Margaret, book review by 424–5

see also Harrison, Mark, Margaret Jones and Helen Sweet

Journal of Mental Science 446, 447

Journal of Natural Philosophy … (Nicholson's Journal) 90

Juridical Society 452

Jütte, Robert, book review by 414–15

al-Juzjānī (student of Avicenna) 209, 210, 211

Kanematsu, Fusajiro 20

Kanematsu Memorial Institute of Pathology, Sydney 9, 10, 14, 16

funding 20

Charles Kellaway and 15, 18

al-Kashkarī 202

Book on medicine 202

Katz, Bernard 10, 16

Kaufman, M Robert 191

Kausmally, Tania, book review by 136–7

Kayser, Carl 226

on medical meteorology 228–31, 236

Kearns, Thomas (of Ahascragh) 64

Keelan, Jennifer see Kroker, Kenton, Jennifer Keelan and Pauline M H Mazumdar

Keetley, Charles B: The student's guide to the medical profession 68

Kehoe, Robert 331

Kellaway, Charles

at Adelaide University 14

Frank M Burnet on 12, 17, 26–7

character 11, 16, 17, 20, 25, 26

Howard Cumpston and 23

Henry Dale and 11, 12

Thomas Elliott and 13

in England 12, 17, 22, 25; London 11–12

in First World War 11

as Hall Institute director 2, 10, 12, 13, 14–27

Charles Martin and 11, 12

research work 11, 12–13, 17–18

as Royal Australasian College of Surgeons

vice-president 17

as Royal Society Fellow 18

as Royal Society Foulerton Student 12

as a teacher 12, 16–17

in US on Rockefeller Foundation fellowship 25

as Wellcome Research Institution director of

Scientific Policy 17, 22, 25

Kellaway Commission see Royal Commissions (Australia)

Keller, Hildegard E (ed.): Jakob Ruf: Leben, Werk und Studien …, reviewed 398–400

Kelly, Catherine, book review by 410–11

Kelly, Laura 57–8

‘“Fascinating Scalpel-wielders and Fair

Dissectors”: Women's Experience of Irish

Medical Education, c. 1880s–1920s’ 495–516

Kelly, Susan, book review by 264–5

Kemp, Martin 519

Kennedy, John 84

Kerr, Captain John Olav 99

Khalīfah, Hājjī 367, 384

Killen, Andreas, book review by, 127–8

King, Helen and Véronique Dasen: La médecine dans l'Antiquité grecque et romaine, reviewed 551–2

King, John (ed.): Sports injuries clinics 469

King, Nathaniel 242

King and Queen's College of Physicians of Ireland (KQCPI) 56, 59, 496–7

see also Royal College of Physicians of Ireland

King's College, London 242

King's Fund 476, 489

Kingsbury, K: The Sports Council pilot study of sports injury clinics 465–6, 468

Kirby, Stephanie, book review by 120–21

Kirk, Robert G W, book review by 123–4

Kirkup, John: The evolution of surgical instruments: an illustrated history from earliest times to the twentieth century, reviewed 141–2; A history of limb amputation, reviewed 141–2

Kitāb al-Musta‘īnī see Ibn Baklarish: Kitāb …

Kite, James (of Salisbury) 40

Kjær, Ejnar 361

Klausen, Susanne, book review by 282–3

Klein, J G 78

Kneeland, Timothy W 341

Knox, Andrew and Christopher Gardner-Thorpe: The Royal Devon and Exeter Hospital, 1741–2006, reviewed 287–8

Koenig, Johann Gerhard 81

Kolling, Eva 20

Kolling Institute of Medical Research, Sydney 8–9, 10, 14, 16

funding 20

Kraepelin, Emil, on schizophrenia 357

Kragh, Jesper Vaczy

‘Shock Therapy in Danish Psychiatry’ 341–64

Krementsov, Nikolai, book review by 131–2

Krishnan, B G 313

Kroker, Kenton, Jennifer Keelan and Pauline M H Mazumdar (eds): Crafting immunity: working histories of clinical immunology, reviewed 266–8

Krueger, Gretchen: Hope and suffering: children, cancer, and the paradox of experimental medicine, reviewed 265–6

Kuffler, Stephen 18

Kuhnke, LaVerne 365–6

Kyhn, Vilhelm 225

Kyne, Maud 514

Kynsey, W R, on beriberi 301

la Condamine, Charles Marie de 76

labour supply, cheap labour in developing countries 320–21, 323

Laby, Thomas 6

Lachmann, Sylvia 469

Laennec, René Théophile Hyacinthe 179, 181

Lamb, Sydney 482

Lambert, Aylmer Bourke 83

A description of the genus Cinchona 83

A description of the genus Pinus 83

Lancashire Veterinary Medical Association 46

Lancet 98, 180, 182, 183, 452, 511

Landrigan, Philip 333–4, 336

Lane, Edward William 381, 383

Lara, B W 65

Latin America see South America

Lavoisier, Antoine 90

Lawrence, Christopher, book review by 541–2

Laycock, Thomas, on insanity 448

lead, as a toxin 317, 322, 323–6

banning of, in petrol 323, 324, 337

compensation payments for poisoning by 331

effects of 333–4, 336–7

lead paint 315, 325–6

effects of 323, 327

ILO ban on 327

Mattel Inc. (toy-makers) use of 315–16, 317

lead production/smelting 323–4, 324, 326–7

Phelps Dodge lead smelter, El Paso, Texas, 317, 329–31, 330, 333–4, 335

lead regulation 331–40

by ILO see International Labour Organization

Maximum Allowable Concentration (MAC) 332–3

League of Mercy, London 489

Lederer, Susan 165

Lee, Frances see Magilton, John, Frances Lee and Anthea Boylston

Leeuwenhoek, Antony van 526, 530, 535

Legett, Mrs Janthe 506

Lemberg, Max (“Rudi”) 10, 16

leper hospitals, in Chichester 136–7

leprosy, in China 280–81

Lerner, Paul, book review by 546–7

Leung, Angela Ki Che: Leprosy in China: a history, reviewed 280–81

Lewis, Aubrey 348, 364

Lewis, Bernard 3740

Lewis, Sinclair 529, 530

see also de Kruif, Paul and Sinclair Lewis

limb amputation, history of 141–2

Lindsay, Mr (surgeon in Jamaica) 77

Linnean Society, London 81

Lipscomb, George 178

Lister Institute, London 9, 10, 11, 12, 17, 23

funding 20, 21

Liverpool Chamber of Commerce 248

Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine 239, 245–6, 249

lobotomies 347, 352, 353, 361

see also mental hospitals

Lock, Stephen 172

Locke, Joseph 524, 527

on the camera obscura 524

his epistemology 517, 524–5; realization of, in

William Cheselden: Osteographia 517, 525–8

Essay on human understanding 524, 527

Lombard, Henri 228

Lombroso, Cesare: L'Uomo delinquente … 455

London Hospital Institute of Sports Medicine 473

London Marathon 471–2

London School of Medicine for Women 505, 508

London School of Tropical Medicine 239, 245–6, 249, 250

longevity see ageing process

Loots, G M P: Epilepsie in de zestiende eeuw. De Observationes von Pieter van Foreest, reviewed 277–8

Lough, Sir Thomas 64

love-sickness, in medieval Islamic literature 211–12

Löwy, Ilana: Preventive strikes: women, precancer and prophylactic surgery, reviewed 541–2

LSD 561–2

Lubliniec Institution for Deaf Children, Silesia 394

Luckin, Bill, book review by 544–5

Lugard, Frederick 249, 252

Lunn, Villars 351–2, 359

McCarrison, Robert, on beriberi 305, 308, 310, 311–13

MacCarthy, Charles 241

McCarthy, Louella 10

McCay, David 311, 313

McCrae, Morrice: Physicians and society: a history of the Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh, reviewed 121–2

McCrae, Niall 343

McDowell, D K 244

MacFaddin, Harriet 500, 504

MacGregor, William 248

McIntosh, Peter 462

McKay, Alex: Their footprints remain: biomedical beginnings across the Indo-Tibetan frontier, reviewed 553–5

Mackay, Christopher S: The hammer of witches: a complete translation of the Malleus maleficarum, reviewed 273–5

Mackenzie, Morell 184

Maclean, Ian, book review by 402–3

Maclean, W C, Surgeon-General, Indian Army 301

MacLehose, William, book review by 405–6

MacLeod, Roy 4

McMurdo, Gilbert (surgeon at Newgate prison) 449, 450–51

McNaughtan, Daniel, trial for murder 437, 441, 443, 447

McNaughtan Rules on insanity 437, 438, 449

McNeill, John 321

Madge, Charles 492

Madras Presidency/Medical Board 298, 299, 300

see also East India Company

Maehle, Andreas-Holger 82, 88–9

Doctors, honour and the law: medical ethics in

imperial Germany, reviewed 414–15

book review by 258–9

magic/magical recipes, in medieval Islamic medicine 197–8, 199–200

see also prescriptions; superstitions/supernatural

beliefs

magicians, as healers in Ottoman Egypt 380, 383–4

Magilton, John, Frances Lee and Anthea Boylston (eds): ‘Lepers outside the gate’: excavations at the cemetery of the Hospital of St James and St Mary Magdalene, Chichester, 1986–87 and 1993, reviewed 136–7

Maimonides (Rabbi Moses ben Maimon), on asthma 175

malaria 86, 151, 299, 302

history of 425–7

mosquitoes as carriers of 529, 530, 531

Ross/Grassi controversy over 530–34

treatment 86, 93

Malaya, Federated States of/ Malay peninsula 7, 158–9

Malcolmson, John Grant, on beriberi 298–9, 300, 301

male hysteria 127–8

see also mental health

male sexuality 417–18

Malleus maleficarum 273–5

Manchester, Matlock House hydropathic institute 469

Manchester University Sports Injuries Clinic 469

Manson, (Sir) Patrick

on beriberi 295, 296, 312

on malaria 530, 531, 533, 534

Manson-Bahr, Philip 533

al-Mansūri, al-Bīmāristan 373

Mapother, Edward 364

Marcet, Alexander 179

marketing, of pharmaceutical drugs 428–9

Markham, Clements R: Peruvian Bark … 85–6, 90, 93

Marks, Harry 162

Marks, Lara, book review by 263–4

Marsh, Margaret and Wanda Ronner: The fertility doctor: John Rock and the reproductive revolution, reviewed 263–4

Martin, Charles J 2, 3, 9, 13, 17, 23

Charles Kellaway and 11, 12

Marx, Karl 316

Mason, Diane: The secret vice: masturbation in Victorian fiction and medical culture, reviewed 559–60

Masson-Four (French chemist) 91

masturbation, in Victorian period 559–60

Mattel Inc. (toymakers)

factories in China, use of lead paint 315–16, 317, 325–6

factories in Mexico 334–5, 337–8, 339

Matthews, Stephen see Woods, Abigail and Stephen Matthews

Maudsley Henry 448, 451, 454

on epilepsy 446

Maudsley Hospital, London 348

S Maw and Sons, London 183

May, J Henry: Medical practitioners’ accounts 64

Mazumdar, Pauline M H see Kroker, Kenton, Jennifer Keelan and Pauline M H Mazumdar

Medical Act 1858 47

Medical Act (Ireland) 1886 56

medical archives/MSS 111–13

Medical and Chirurgical Transactions 91

Medical and Dental Students’ Register 69

Medical Directory 55, 58, 59, 63, 67, 73

medical emigration from Ireland, 1860–1905 55–74

for colonial/military service 58–9, 60, 61, 71–2, 74

destinations 56, 57, 58–9, 60; Britain 58, 59, 60, 61, 70–71, 72–3, 74

of medical students 57–8

motivation 56, 70; increased incomes 61–2, 66–8, 71–2

numbers of 55–6, 57, 58

patterns of 56, 57

as ship's doctors 58

medical ethics see ethical issues

medical fees/incomes 61–2, 64–8, 70–72, 74

in Ballinasloe, Co. Galway 62–4

of Irish Poor Law doctors 61, 66, 71

medical geography/topography 215–16

in Denmark 217, 224, 228

in India (colonial) 298–9

medical guilds, in Ottoman Egypt 366–7, 374–80, 386

purpose 374–5, 377, 378–9

significance/success of 379–80

structure/organization 375–6

medical healers, in Ottoman Egypt 365–86

astrologers as 384–5

magicians as 380, 383–4

Sufi Sheiks as 382–3

women as 370, 378–9, 385–6; as midwives 378–9; wives as 381

medical insurance, for sports injuries 469–71, 473

medical journalism 529, 532–4, 536

medical meteorology 215, 218

in Britain 216–17, 220

development of 216–17, 231–2

fresh air, perceived advantages of 216, 217

the winds and 217, 232

medical meteorology, in 19th-century Denmark 215, 217–36

decline in 232–6

development of 217–18, 223–6

effluvia concept 220, 224

epidemics, climatic impact on 219–23, 224, 226, 227

extreme weather 232

instrumental 223–6

miasma concept 216, 220

mortality, seasonal impact on 228–9

purpose 224

qualitative (non-instrumental) 218–23

rainfall, impact of 229

the seasons, impact of 227, 228; on mortality 228–9

statistical 226–33, 235, 236; criticism of 231–2

the winds and 229, 232

Medical Officer of Health (MOH) 50

Medical and Philosophical Commentaries 77

Medical Register … 55, 57, 58

medical research

in 19th-century France 215–16

in 19th-century Germany 215–16

in Argentina 28

in Canada 10, 13, 19, 28

case studies in 421–2

in Denmark 234

funding of see funding

on human subjects 150–51, 154–5, 161–4

medical training as research-oriented 161

organizational structure 9–14

problem-based 12

risk assessment in 165

Rockefeller Foundation IHB hookworm

eradication campaigns as experimental 150–51, 154–5, 161–4

team (group) work in 12–13, 15

in US 10, 19–20, 162, 165; US in the Philippines 7, 154, 162

medical research in Australia, 1914–38 2–6

as British influenced 2, 3, 4

career structure in 2, 4, 6, 9–10, 28

First World War, effects of 3–4

funding 3

organizational structure 2–3, 4

purpose 4

types of 2

Medical Research Council (Committee) (MRC) 11, 12, 17, 19, 22, 460

Walter Morley Fletcher and 23

medical research institutions, Australia, 1914–1938 1–28

as British influenced 9–10, 19

commercial 5

development of 2–3, 4, 5, 6–9, 27–8

First World War, effects of 3–4, 11

funding 1, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 14, 20, 22–4, 26, 27–8

as geographically isolated 16

organizational structure 9–14

staffing/staff members 1–2, 10

survival of 1, 3, 10, 14, 16

as US influenced 10, 19

university based 5–6

see also Hall Institute, Melbourne

medical specialization 457–8

in France 458

clinical genetics as 474

sports medicine as, in Britain 458–74

medical statistics 226–33, 235, 236

medical technology 569–71

medical texts, writing of 402

medical training

in Australia 2, 4, 5–6, 9, 11, 18–19

in Britain 13

in Denmark 223, 362–3

in Egypt in Ottoman period 368–9, 370–71, 372–3, 380

in Ireland 56–7; numbers of students 61, 68–70, 74; see also medical training for women …;

individual institutions

in medieval Islam 202, 203, 209

in psychiatry 362–3

as research-oriented 161

in sports medicine 461–2, 473

in Wales 567–8

of West African physicians 239, 245–6, 249

medical training for women in Ireland,

c.1880s–1920s

accommodation/lodgings for 513–15

clinical /hospital experience 500, 501, 504, 506–7, 507–8

examinations/degrees awarded 500–501

fees/costs 497, 499, 500, 507–8

in First World War 497

institutions offering 497; curriculum/timetables 500, 402–3; see also individual institutions

male students: segregation from 498, 505, 506–7; for dissection/anatomy 509–12, 516;

social segregation 512–16; women's equality

with 498, 505–7, 508

numbers of students 497

personal accounts of 499–501, 504–6, 508, 511, 513, 514–15

poems/odes on 495, 499, 512

scholarships/exhibitions for 504

Student Councils, women on 515

success of 501

medicine(s)

in 12th-century Spain 269–71

in 17th-century England 538–40

astrology and 384–5, 552–3

European rejection of colonial remedies 82–3

history of: in ancient world 551–2; in England 538–40; in non-western countries 262–3

medical alternatives 75, 76–7, 81, 83, 87, 89–92;

see also cinchona substitutes

natural remedies, identification of 86

as science or craft, controversy over 367–73

specifics 82, 89

therapeutic trials 421–2

medieval medicine 133–4, 406–7

Islamic 195–214; in Egypt 365–86

Meduna, László 346, 350, 354

autobiography 347

shock therapy, invention of 343, 346–7, 348

Megaw, John W D 309, 313

on beriberi 305, 309–10, 311

as Calcutta School of Tropical Medicine

Director 309, 310

as IMS Director-General 309

Mein, Nicol 80

melancholy/melancholia

homicidal mania and 440, 443

as lovesickness 137–8

Melbourne Hospital 13, 14, 15, 16, 18

Melbourne Permanent Committee for Post-Graduate Work 16–17

Melbourne University 2

Cancer Research Committee 6

Hall Institute and 14, 18–19

medical research 5, 6

Melia azadirachta 81

Meltzer, Samuel 187

Menispermum cordifolium/verrucosum

(Cit-amerdu) 84

menstruation, in 20th-century US 564–5

mental health/hygiene 283–4

anti-depressants, marketing of 428–9

in colonial Natal 282–3

homicidal mania 433–56

hysteria 546–7; male 127–8

obsessive disorders 427–8

in medieval Islam 212

mental hospitals

19th-century Australian mental asylums 560–61

electrocardiography used to detect heart

conditions in 358–9

lobotomies performed in 347, 352, 353, 361

shock treatment in 341–3; in Danish state mental

hospitals 343–6, 348–64

Merrion, Edward, on epilepsy 438

meteorological observations 216, 217, 218

in Denmark 223–4, 225–6, 225, 228, 229, 235–6

instrumental 229

meteorology 216

medical see medical meteorology

ozone levels 217

as a science 224

skyscapes (of visible atmosphere 225 )

Metrazol (US) see Cardiazol

Metropolitan Police 73

Mexico 168

environmental protection 336–7, 338–9

industrialization/urbanization 334–6, 335

lead pollution 330, 331, 336–7, 338

lead production 317, 324, 325, 329–30, 331

Mattel Inc. factories 334–5, 337–8, 339

Meyerhof, Max 375

Micale, Mark S: Hysterical men: the hidden history of male nervous illness, reviewed 127–8

Michigan University 529

microscopy 526, 530

Middlesex Hospital clinic for athletes 461, 468–9

midwives, women as, in Ottoman Egypt 378–9

see also childbirth

military medicine

in Britain 410–11

in First World War 411–12

military service

doctors in 61, 84; Irish doctors 58–9, 60, 61, 71–2; in US 165

veterinarians in 46, 48, 52

Miller, Ian

book reviews by 285–6, 416–17

‘The Mind and Stomach at War: Stress and

Abdominal Illness in Britain c.1939–45’ 95–110

Mills, Jim 182

Minchin, Sarah, trial for murder 441

Minehan, Bridie Andrews, book review by 555–6

missionaries/mission doctors 77, 78

in West Africa 241, 242

women as 496

Mitchinson, Wendy, book review by 542–3

Mitman, Gregg 321

Mohan, John 476, 478

Mold, Alex, book review by 428–9

Molloy, Daniel M 160–61, 162, 165

Molyneux, D D, on sports injuries 461, 462, 463

Molyneux, William 527

Monk, Lee-Anne: Attending madness: at work in the Australian colonial asylum, reviewed 560–61

Montford, Archibald 58

Mooney, Graham and Jonathan Reinarz (eds): Permeable walls: historical perspectives on hospital visiting, reviewed 562–4

morality see ethical issues

More Madden, Thomas 496

Morehead, Charles, on beriberi 300

Morel, Bénédict-Augustin 445, 454

Traité des dégénérescences … 455

Morgan, Frederick 7–8, 25

morphine, in asthma treatment 188

Morris, Lieut. Colonel 102–3

Morrissey, Susan K, book review by 420–21

Mortimer, Ian: The dying and the doctors: the medical revolution in seventeenth-century England, reviewed 538–40

Morton, William 387

Moser, Ludwig 228, 229, 230

mosquitoes see malaria

Moulin, Anne-Marie 366

Mudge, John 177

Muhammad Ali Pasha, ruler of Ottoman Egypt 365, 379

mujarrabāt see case studies, medieval Islamic

Müller, Max 364

al-Munāwī, Sheik ‘Abd al-Rāu'f 368

Museum of Irish Industry 496

Muslim medicine see Islamic medicine

Mustafá Tāshkubrī'zādah, Ahmad ibn 367

Myles, Sir Thomas 74

Nadesan, Majia Holmer: Governmentability, biopower, and everyday life, reviewed 124–6

Naono, Atsuko: State of vaccination: the fight against smallpox in colonial Burma, reviewed 424–5

narcotics see drug taking/addiction; smoking

Nash, Linda 321

Natal, mental health/hygiene in colonial period 282–3

Nathoo, Ayesha: Hearts exposed: transplants and the media in 1960s Britain, reviewed 423–4

National Academy of Medicine, Brazil 157, 166

National Health and Medical Research Council (NH&MRC), Australia 15, 19, 25–6, 27, 28

Advisory Committee 26

funding by 26, 27

funding of 20, 21

National Health Service (NHS) 287–8, 475, 483, 487, 493

origins of 480–81

sports medicine/injuries and 463, 465–6, 467, 469, 472–3, 474

National Institute of Medical Research (NIMR) 11, 12, 17, 530

funding 21

organizational structure 12, 14, 19

National Institute of Sports Medicine 473

National Institutes of Health (US) 19–20

National Insurance Act (Ireland) 1911 56

National Museum of Australian Zoology 8

National Research Council, Canada 19

National Student 498, 513

Nature 531, 532, 535

naval medicine see military medicine

Navarro, Trinidad 160

Neher, Allister

‘The Truth about Our Bones: William

Cheselden's Osteographia’ 517–28

Netherlands, medical meteorology 216–17, 229

New Allied Medical Insurance Company 469–70

New South Wales Bureau of Microbiology 3

Newcastle University 461

Newman, Charles 99, 100, 103

Newton, Hannah, book review by 279–80

Nicaragua 160–61, 162

Nicholas, George 20–21, 25

Nicholson's Journal see Journal of Natural Philosophy

Nicolson, Malcolm, book review by 570–71

Nielsen, May-Brith Ohman: Mennesker, makt og mikrober. Epidemibekjempelse og hygiene på Sørlandet 1830–1880, reviewed 128–30

Nielsen, Otto Jul 350

Nigeria 244, 251

St Thomas Island 241

Nightingale, Florence, 114–15

Nizāmī-i ‘Arūdī-i Samarqandī 211

Chahār maqālah 211–12

Noguchi, Hideyo 166

Northern Ireland, ether drinking in 387

Norway 219

public health 128–30

tuberculosis in 548–50

Nuffield Foundation 20

nutrition, in Britain 118–20

see also diet

nutritional deficiency, as cause of beriberi 296, 298, 299, 300, 302, 303, 304–7, 308–10

dispute over 309–10, 311

Robert McCarrison on 311–13

Nutritional Research Laboratory, Coonoor (India) 311–12, 313

Nutton, Vivian

book review by 404–5

Pestilential complexities: understanding

medieval plague (ed.), reviewed 133–4

Nux vomica 92

O'Brien, Richard 23

O'Callaghan, Victoria, book review by 559–60

O'Shaughnessy, William 92

Oakley, Charles, as EIC Madras Council president 79

obesity 285–6, 566–7

obstetrics

in 19th-century 276–7

pioneers in 288–9

the occult see magic

Oddy, Derek J, Peter J Atkins and Virginia Amilien (eds): The rise of obesity in Europe: a twentieth century food history, reviewed 566–7

Oosterhuis, Harry and Marijke Gijswijt-Hofstra: Verward van geest en ander ongerief: psychiatrie en geestelijke gezondheidszorg in Nederland (1870–2005), reviewed 412–14

opium

as dangerous 189–90

delivery methods 182

recreational use 171–2, 173, 174, 182, 193

therapeutic use 182

ophthalmology 527–8

Ørsted, Hans Christian 224

Osler, William 165, 186–7

The principles and practice of medicine 186

Ottoman Egypt see Egypt, Ottoman period

Ovenden, Ella 504

Oxford, Edward, trial for murder 437, 441

Oxford University 12

P&O shipping line 58

pain, perception/experience of 279–80

palaeoepidemiology 407–8

Palmer, Steven

‘Towards Responsibility in International Health:

Death following Treatment in Rockefeller

Hookworm Campaigns, 1914–1934’ 149–70

Panama 159, 163, 166

Panum, Peter Ludvig 234

Parascandola, John: Sex, sin, and science: a history of syphilis in America, reviewed 140–41

Parascandola, Mark, book review by, 122–3

Parle, Julie: States of mind: searching for mental health in Natal and Zululand, 1868–1918, reviewed 282–3

Parrotta, John A: healing plants of peninsular India 85

Partridge, Ernest, trial for murder 446–7

Passioni, Roberta 341

Pasteur, Louis 234

Pasteur Institute of Australia 3

Pate, Robert, trial for murder 441

patients, doctor/patient ratio, in Ireland 64–5

patient records (case notes), as research material 344–5, 348, 350, 352–5, 357, 363

see also hospitals

patronage, in medieval Islamic medicine 206

Pattison, Ian 30, 31

Patton, Adell (Jr) 241

Payne, Reginald T 99, 100, 103

Pearl, Raymond 535

Pedlow, Olive 499–500

Pelletier, P J 91

Pemex (Mexican national oil company) 337

Penfold, William 7, 9–10

as Baker Institute director 23–4

Penhale, William (of Barnstaple) 40

penicillin, development of 28

Pernick, Martin 165

Peruvian bark 76, 78, 80, 81, 82, 85

active components 89–92

Clements Markham on 85–6

substitutes for 81

see also cinchona

pestilence treatises 275–6

Peters, Gustavus 190

Petit, Caroline, book review by 551–2

pharmaceutical industry 173, 188, 189

in Australia 5, 18, 25

in Britain 268–9

in US 428–9

pharmacology see clinical pharmacology; prescriptions

Pharmacy Act 1868 189

Pharmacy Act 1908 189–90

Phelps Dodge lead smelter, El Paso, Texas 317, 329–31, 330, 333–4, 335

Philiatrien society, Denmark 226

Philippines 7, 154, 162

Philippines (American controlled), beriberi in 302, 303, 304, 305, 313

Philpot, William, trial for murder 445

Philpott, Jane see Crellin, John K and Jane Philpott

photography, of dissection process 540–41

Pickstone, John 474

Piddington, Henry 93

Piechowski, Anna M, book review by 564–5

Pinel, Philippe, on insanity 436

Pirquet, Clemens von 187

Pittier, Henri 159

plague 133–4

Lluís Alcanyís on 275–6

pneumonia 234

Poison Act/Rules 1960 191

Poisson, Siméon-Denis 226, 227

Poland see Silesia

Polatin, Philip 364

police surgeons 70, 73

polyneuritis 296, 310

Poor Law 1884 480

see also Irish Poor Law

Porter, Roy, on madness 435

Porter, Theodore M, book review by 421–2

post-combat disorders see war syndromes

post-natal depression see puerperal insanity

Potter's Asthma Cure/Remedy 183–4, 185, 193

Powell, Martin 476

pox see French pox

prescriptions, in medieval Islamic medicine 195, 197, 198, 199, 201, 203

see also magic/magical recipes

Pressman, Jack D: Last resort: psychosurgery and the limits of medicine 347, 363

Preston, Claire see Barbour, Reid and Claire Preston

Price-Smith, Andrew T: Contagion and chaos: disease, ecology, and national security in the era of globalization, reviewed 126–7

Prichard, James Cowles, on insanity 436

Pridham, Thomas 181

Prisoner's Counsel Act 1836 445

private medical practice, in West Africa 238, 240, 242–3, 245, 250–53

economics of 238, 245

profession(s), definition of 31

professional guilds see medical guilds

Prophet, Michael J 463, 464, 465, 467

Proust, Albert (father of Marcel Proust) 171

Proust, Marcel, as an asthmatic 171, 173, 182, 186, 187, 193, 194

psychiatry

in Denmark 412–14, 343–64; attitudes to 360–62;

shock therapy, use of 343–6, 348–64;

training in 362–3

forensic see homicidal mania, diagnosis of

male hysteria 127–8

shock therapy, use in 341–3

syphilis and 139–40

psychological treatment of gastrointestinal illness 95, 105, 107–10

psychopathia, Cardiazol shock therapy for 352, 353

psychopathology see homicidal mania

Public Assistance Committees (England) 480, 494

Public Health Committees (England) 480

public health/hygiene 152, 234

epidemics, official reports on 218–23

industrial hazards 315–40

mental health/hygiene 282–4

in Norway 128–30

sanitary conditions 215, 221, 234

see also international public health

puerperal insanity 440, 447–8

Puerto Rico 158

al-Qalqashandī 367

al-Qalyūbī, Sheik Ahmad 368

al-Qawsūnī, Badr al-din 379

al-Qawsūni, Sheik Madian Ibn ‘Abd al-Rahmān 369

Quarryman 49–8

Quartey-Papafio, Benjamin W 240, 243, 251

Queen (journal) 497

Queen's College, Belfast 56, 57, 61, 62, 73, 497, 498, 499–501, 505, 512, 514–15

women medical students, timetables for 502–3

Queen's College, Cork 56, 68–9, 497, 498, 500, 510

Queen's College, Galway 56, 69, 497, 498, 500, 504, 514

Queen's University of Ireland 59

Queensland Stock Institute, Brisbane 5

Queensland University 28

Quetelet, Adolphe 228, 231

quinine 77, 91, 92, 93–4

Quintero Parra, Juan de la Rosa 157, 164

Rockefeller Foundation, correspondence with 149, 164, 167, 168, 170; their compensation

payment to 150, 151, 167, 168–70

Quintero Parra, José Vincente (son of Juan Quintero Parra) 153

death during Rockefeller Foundation IHB

hookworm eradication campaign 149, 151, 155–6, 157, 164, 167, 168, 169; post-mortem 149

al-Rabbān, Mūsà 377

racial discrimination 238

in West African Medical Staff 237–8, 243–54;

criticism of 237–8, 246–7; reasons for 238, 245, 248–53

Raine, William 80

Ramadge, Francis 179

Ramsey, Matthew 380

Rapp, Doris J and A W Frankland: Allergies … 188

Raymond, André 374

al-Rāzī, Zakarīyā’ (Abū Bakr Muhammad) 175, 196, 210

case studies 196–7 199, 200, 201–2, 206, 209

Kitāb al-Hāwī (Continens) (posthumous

compilation by his students) 201–2, 206

Kitāb al-Tajārib (Casebook) (compiled by his

students) 200, 202, 206

on mental illness 212

Sirr sinā‘at al-tibb 197, 206

RCA (company) 320

Read, F M 149

Read, Herbert 244, 247, 248

Reed, Walter 166

Reeve-Tucker, Captain W R 243

Reeves, Carole see Shaw, Ann and Carole Reeves

reflex action(s), in homicidal mania 448–9

Reid, Robert 59

Reinarz, Jonathan see Mooney, Graham and Jonathan Reinarz

Reis, Elizabeth: Bodies in doubt: an American history of intersex, reviewed 556–7

Reiser, Stanley Joel: Technological medicine: the changing world of doctors and patients, reviewed 570–71

Reisseissen, Franz Daniel 181

Reiswitz, Felix von, book review by 144–5

reproductive medicine, history of 263–4

respiratory disease(s) 183, 187

asthma see asthma

treatment 173, 174, 181, 183–4, 184, 187, 193

Reverby, Susan M, book review by 140–41

Rey Bueno, Mar, book review by 275–6

Reynolds, Janie 511

Reynolds, L A 172

Reynolds, L A and E M Tansey (eds): Clinical pharmacology in the UK, c.1950–2000: influences and institutions, reviewed 268–9; Clinical pharmacology in the UK, c.1950–2000: industry and regulation, reviewed 268–9

Rheede, Heinrich van 84

rice, milled/polished, as cause of beriberi 303, 304–7

dispute over 308, 309–10, 311

Robert McCarrison on 311–13

Rice, T E 249

Richards, A N 25

Richardson, Jonathan 527, 528

Richardson, William Frank see Vesalius, Andreas: On the fabric of the human body …

Ridge, Steve, book review by 278–9

Riley, James C, book review by 284–5

Ripon, Lord, as Colonial Secretary 248

risk assessment, in medical research 165

see also ethical issues

Roberts, Rev'd (of Jamaica) 77

Roberts, Alun: The Welsh National School of Medicine 1893–1931: the Cardiff years, reviewed 567–8

Rock, John 263–4

Rockefeller, John D 149

Rockefeller, John D (Jr) 149, 167, 168

Rockefeller Foundation 13, 18, 20, 24–5, 151, 161, 348

Charles Kellaway in US on Rockefeller

fellowship 25

scholarships 10, 17

George E Vincent as president 164, 168

Rockefeller Foundation International Health Board (IHB) 27, 304, 305

Anti-Anaemia Commission 169

hookworm eradication campaigns

(international), 1914–34 149–70

hookworm eradication campaigns (US), 1909–13 151, 153, 155

Information Section 163–4

international public health programmes 150

organization/management 151, 154, 163

records 156–8, 163, 169

research facility 168

Wickliffe Rose as director 151, 163

Frederick Russell as director 151, 158, 164, 168, 170

Rockefeller Institute for Medical Research 162

as anti-vivisection target 166

Simon Flexner as scientific director 163

Roe, Frederick Augustus, his Carbolic Smoke Ball 183

Roe, Michael 26

Rogge, Sabine see Tsouyopoulos, Nelly

Rolleston, Humphry 501

Roman Republic/Empire

medicine in 551–2

respiratory disease 174

Ronner, Wanda see Marsh, Margaret and Wanda Ronner

Rose, J R (of Stratford-upon-Avon) 51

Rose, James (of Leamington and Alcester) 40

Rose, Wickliffe, as Rockefeller Foundation IHB director 151, 163

Rosen, George: The specialization of medicine 457

Rosenberg, Charles 348

Ross, Andrew 78–9, 80

Ross, Charles Emilius 60

Ross, Ronald 530

Paul de Kruif and 533–4

Clifford Dobell and 531, 535–6

Giovanni Battista Grassi, controversy with 530–34, 535–6

malaria, work on 529, 530, 531

Memoirs … 530, 531, 533, 534

Rösslin, Eucharius: The birth of mankind 276–7

Rottler, Johan Peter 78

Rotunda Lying-in Hospital, Dublin 507, 508, 514

Rowan, Maria 515–16

Roxburgh, William 75

Sir Joseph Banks and 81, 83

‘A botanical description of a new species of

Swietenia (mahogany) …’ 78, 82

Alexander Dalrymple, criticism of 82–3

as EIC botanical garden superintendent 82, 84, 92

John Kennedy and 84

Andrew Ross and 78–9, 80

James Edward Smith and 81–2, 83

Swietenia febrifuga, discovery of 75, 78–83, 85, 88, 91; his drawing of 79

Royal Academy of Sciences, Copenhagen 224

Royal Agricultural College, Cirencester 43

Royal Agricultural Society 43

Royal Air Force (RAF), gastrointestinal illness in 105–6

Royal Army Medical College, Netley 71

Royal Army Medical Corps (RAMC) 99, 102–3, 104

Royal Australasian College of Surgeons, Melbourne 16, 17

Charles Kellaway as vice-president 17

Royal College of Physicians, London 99, 474, 496

Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh, history of 121–2

Royal College of Physicians of Ireland 56, 496

Royal College of Science (Ireland) 496

Royal College of Surgeons of England 87, 474

Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland (RCSI) 56, 57, 60, 63, 74, 497, 501, 505, 510, 513

Royal College of Veterinary Surgeons (RCVS) 30

Sir William Fitzwygram as president 52

George Fleming as president 52

function 30, 32–3; training 33, 46, 49, 52

members (MRCVS) 33, 34–5, 45

veterinary reform and 32, 47–8, 49, 51, 52–3, 54

Royal Commission on Agriculture, India 312

Royal Commissions (Australia) 1925 on Health 22, 23

1928 Bundaberg Enquiry (Kellaway

Commission) 24, 25

Royal Devon and Exeter Hospital, history of 287–8

Royal Free Hospital, London 488, 505

Royal Irish Constabulary 60

Royal Society 4, 527

Foulerton Studentship 12

Charles Kellaway as Fellow 18

Philosophical transactions 81, 85, 523

Royal Society of Medicine, Denmark 225

statistical committee 227–31

Royal Veterinary College (RVC), London 30, 32, 46

J B Simonds as principal 49

training function 32, 33, 37, 46, 49

veterinary reform and 48, 49

Royal Veterinary College Infirmary 37

Royal Victoria Hospital, Belfast 498, 506, 507–8, 514

Royle, J Forbes 84, 86, 93

Rubbo, Sydney 6

Ruf, Jakob 398–400

Runcorn Laboratory, Liverpool 9

Running Magazine 469

Rusnock, Andrea, book review by 115–17

Russell, Frederick, as Rockefeller Foundation IHB director 151, 158, 164, 168, 170

Russell, Patrick 81

Russia, human sciences in 131–2

Russia (Bolshevik), sexuality, state attitudes to 418–19, 420–21

see also Soviet Union

Rutherford, Dr (of Ballinasloe) 64

Rütten, Thomas: Geschichten vom Hippokratischen Eid, reviewed 135–6

Ryan, Mary 500

Ryymin, Teemu Sakari: Smitte, Språk og kultur: tuberkulosearbeideti i Finnmark, reviewed 548–50

Sadowsky, Jonathan 341

al-Sāigh, Sheik Sari Eldin 369, 370, 378

Saint Domingue slave colony, medical practice in 408–9

St George's Hospital, London 242

St Mary's Hospital, London 99

St Mary's Hospital Medical School, London 21

St Thomas’ Hospital, London 509

Sakel, Manfred 347, 350

Neue Behandlungsmethode der Schizophrenie 350

Salant, William 158, 162

salbutamol, in asthma treatment 189

Salter, Henry Hyde 180

on asthma 180–81, 182, 186, 193

Sanders, Mark A 183, 522

sanitary conditions see public health/hygiene

Sargent, Rose-Mary, book review by 400–402

Sawyer, Wilbur 168

Schiebinger, Londa 92, 323

Schijnvoet, Jacob 518–19, 522, 525–6

schizophrenia, shock therapy for 344, 346, 350

Cardiazol therapy 356–7, 359–61, 363

insulin coma therapy 359–61

Schleisner, Peter 235

Schou, Hans Jacob 250

Schouw, Joakim Frederik 225, 228

Schram, Ralph 241

Schupbach, William: Obituary of John Symons 255–7

Scottish Metropolitan veterinary society 50

Scull, Andrew 347–8

Hysteria: the biography, reviewed 546–7

scurvy, comparison with beriberi 298

Second World War (1939–1945)

Dunkirk evacuation 98

Japan, bombing of 109

London, bombing of 100–101

medical effects of 95–110

military manpower, in Britain 104, 106

Stalingrad, battle for 97–8

security issues, infectious disease(s) and 126–7

Seguin, Armand: ‘Memoir on the febrifuge principle of cinchona’ 89–90

Sellers, Christopher C, ‘Cross-nationalizing the History of Industrial Hazard’ 315–40

sex determination 556–9

Sexton, Christopher 24

sexuality, historical study of 416–17

in Bolshevik Russia 418–19, 420–21

Sha, Richard C, book review by 138–9

al-Shafra (Alī bin Farāj al-Qirbilyānī ) (Abū ‘Abd Allāh Muhammad) 204

Kitāb al-Istiqsā … 204–5, 206

Sharkey, E P (of Creagh) 64

Sharpe, Samuel 522

Shaw, Ann and Carole Reeves (eds): The children of Craig-y-nos: life in a Welsh tuberculosis sanatorium, 1922–1959, reviewed 264–5

Shaw, James, book review by 403–4

Sheehy-Skeffington, Francis 498

Shefer, Miri 373

Sheffield, hospital contributory schemes 482, 492

shell shock 95

Sherrington, Charles 12

shock therapy 341–3, 346–8

assessment of 341–4, 347–8

Cardiazol see Cardiazol shock therapy

criticism of 341–2, 343

curare, use in 360

effects of 346–7

electroconvulsive (ECT) 341, 342, 360;

criticism of 341–2

history of 341–3, 346–8

insulin coma therapy (ICT) see insulin coma

therapy

László Meduna's invention of 343, 346–7, 348

use of 342, 344; for patient control 344; for

schizophrenia 344, 346, 350

shock therapy, in Danish state mental hospitals 343–6, 348–64

Cardiazol see Cardiazol shock therapy

information sources 345; see also patient

records below

institutions surveyed 344, 345

insulin coma therapy (ICT) see insulin coma

therapy

patient numbers 344, 350

patient records (case notes) 344–5, 348, 350, 352–5, 357, 363

political issues in 361

use of 348, 350; for schizophrenia 350, 356–7

Shorter, Edward 109–10

Shorter, Edward and David Healy: Shock therapy: a history of electroconvulsive treatment … 341, 346

Shvarts, Shifra: Health and Zionism: the Israeli health care system, 1948–60, reviewed 568–9

Siam see Thailand

Siek, Theodore 191

Sierra Leone 242

Sierra Leone Company 241

Sigerist, Henry, on workplace hazards 317–18

Silesia, Poland, ether drinking in 387–96

Silesian Institution for Deaf Children 389, 394

Silver, Beverly 320

Simaruba bark 77

Simonds, J B 37

as RVC principal 49

Simpson, Alexander R 246

Sims, Dr 179

Skydsgaard, Morten A

‘It's probably in the Air: Medical Meteorology

in Denmark, 1810–1875’ 215–36

slavery 240–41, 253

slaves, as nurses/midwives 409

sleep deprivation, as cause of dyspepsia 103, 104

sleepwalking, homicidal mania and 438, 439, 440, 441

Sloane, Hans 87

smallpox vaccination, in colonial Burma 424–5

Smillie, W G 161–2, 163, 166

Smith, Aquilla 497

Smith, David F, book reviews by 118–20, 566–7

Smith, G H 182

Smith, Grafton Elliot 2

Smith, James Edward 81–2, 83

Smith, Roger, book reviews by 258–60, 418–19

smoking

anti-smoking campaigns 172, 182, 190

deterrents to 190, 191

dyspepsia caused by 99, 100, 103, 104

as a health hazard 172–3, 188, 189, 190, 192, 193

herbal cigarettes 191, 192

medicated cigarettes 173, 191; see also

inhalation therapy

popularity of 172, 181–2

promotion/marketing of 191

see also tobacco industry

snake venoms, Charles Kellaway's research on 17–18

Snow, Stephanie J, book reviews by 141–2

Society of Apothecaries 473

Society of Experimental Biology and Medicine (US) 187

Soluri, John 321

South America 76, 77, 86, 155

narcotic smoking/smoke inhalation 173–4

native medical remedies 159–60

see also individual countries

South Sea Company 87

Soviet Union (post-1945), lead production/use 332, 333

see also Russia

Soymida febrifuga see Swietenia febrifuga

Spain, 12th-century medicine(s) 269–71

Spencer, Herbert 455

Sperryn, Peter 463, 464, 465, 468, 472

BATS, his criticism of 470–71

Spinks, Jennifer, book review by 398–400

Sports Council 460–61

reorganization of 462, 467

Research and Statistics Committee 460, 461, 462, 463

Sports Council Sports Injuries Clinic Scheme 460, 462–8, 471, 473, 474

function 464, 466–7

hospitals as focal points 465, 467, 469

Kingsbury report on 465–6, 468

numbers of clinics 465

organization of 464–5

sports injury survey (R C Browne) 463–4

sports medicine, in Britain 458–74

at amateur level 459–60, 461, 462, 465, 471–3, 474

DHSS and 463, 464, 465, 466, 467, 467, 472

expenditure on 460, 461

as holistic/interdisciplinary 458

medical insurance and 469–71, 473

NHS and 463, 465–6, 467, 469, 472–3, 474

the patient in 458, 459, 460, 465–6; demands

made by 458–9

political issues in 460, 462, 463, 466, 468, 473–4

private health care and 464, 467, 468, 469–71, 473, 474

regulation of 460–61, 470, 472, 473

as a specialization 458–60, 462, 464, 466, 467, 470, 473, 474

in sports clubs/teams 461, 462, 469

sports injuries/medicine relationship 464, 467–8

training in 461–2, 473

see also Sports Council Sports Injuries Clinic

Scheme

Sri Lanka 155, 156, 169

see also Ceylon

Standard Oil 167

Stanton, A T, on beriberi 304, 305

Starks, Tricia: The body Soviet: propaganda, hygiene, and the revolutionary state, reviewed 420–21

State Veterinary Department (UK) 40–41, 49, 50–51

Stathakopoulos, Dionysios, book review by 133–4

Steere-Williams, Jacob, book review by 545–6

Stein, Claudia: Negotiating the French pox in early modern Germany, reviewed 550–51

Stephen, James Fitzjames, on insanity 452, 453

Stephenson, Clement (of Newcastle) 50

Stern, Phillip, his vapour inhalers 177, 177

steroid inhalation, in asthma treatment 189

Stevens, Rosemary 72

Stewart, Dr, as Irish Medical Schools’ and Graduates’ Association provincial honorary secretary 72

Stewart, D N 100–101

Stewart, Florence 505, 508, 515

Stewart, Mary 488

stomach complaints see gastrointestinal illness

stramonium inhalation, in asthma treatment 173, 178–84, 184, 184, 186–7, 188, 189–92

as dangerous 181, 193–4

decline in 173, 176, 186–92, 193–4

in India 173, 178–9, 188

opposition to 187–8, 189, 190

popularity of 181–2, 193

properties 179; as anti-spasmodic 179, 180–81

Strange, Julie-Marie 511

Strömgren, Erik 360

Stroup, Donna F, book review by 126–7

Sturdy, Steve 2, 11, 15

Stürup, Georg 348

Suárez, G A 160

suffering see pain

Sufi Sheiks, as medical healers in Ottoman Egypt 382–3

Sullivan, Erin, book review by 137–8

Summers-Bremner, Eluned: Insomnia: a cultural history, reviewed 286–7

superstitions/supernatural beliefs 381–2

see also magic

Surama cigarettes 193

surgical instruments, history of 141–2

Sutton, Emma, book review by 560–61

Sweden 98, 358

Sweet, Helen see Harrison, Mark, Margaret Jones and Helen Sweet

Sweet, Helen M and Rona Dougall: Community nursing and primary healthcare in twentieth-century Britain, reviewed 120–21

Swietenia febrifuga 79, 84

advantages of 80–81, 82

alternatives to 87

botanical description 79, 85

Breton on 91

as a cinchona substitute 75–94

medical properties 75, 90; discovery of 75, 78

as Neem/Rohuna barks 92

William Roxburgh and 78–83, 85, 88, 91; his

drawing of 79

samples, distribution of 78–80, 81–2

trials/testing of 75, 78–81, 86; in Europe 87, 88–9, 90

Switzerland 228, 364

Sydenham, Thomas, on epidemic diseases 220, 222

Sydney University 2, 3

Cancer Research Committee 6, 10, 14; funding 21–2, 26

Sydney University School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine 7

Symonds, John Addington see Ellis, Havelock and John Addington Symonds

Symons, John, obituary by William Schupbach 255–7

syphilis 166

in Ottoman Egypt 366

in Scotland 139–40

in US 140–41

Syson, Lydia: Doctor of love: James Graham and his celestial bed, reviewed 138–9

Szasz, Thomas 342

Szreter, Simon, book review by 117–18

Taafe, Robert 59

tajārib see case studies, medieval Islamic

Takaki, Kanehiro, on beriberi 302

Tansey, E M 172

see also Church, Roy and E M Tansey;

Reynolds, L A and E M Tansey

Taylor, Alfred Swaine: The principles and practice of medical jurisprudence 441–2, 444–5, 455

Taylor, Colonel Sir William 505

Teleky, Ludwig, on workplace hazards 317–18

Thailand (Siam) 86

therapeutic methods

climate therapy 235–6

in medieval Islamic medicine 201

smoking see inhalation therapy

Thompson, Sir William 66

Thomson, A T 180

Thorndike, Lynn 197

Thorne, Dr Thorne 437

Thornton, Brigid Lyons 500, 514

thymol, as a vermifuge 153–4

Tibet, biomedicine in 553–5

Tidy, Henry Letheby 107

Titmuss, Richard 102–3

tobacco, therapeutic uses 182, 190

tobacco industry 172, 190–91

see also smoking

Totelin, Laurence, book reviews by 135–6, 271–2

Tout, Herbert 492

Trier, Frederik 232–3

Trinity College, Dublin (TCD) 56, 497, 510, 511, 513

School of Physic 56, 57, 58, 59–60

tropical diseases 297, 302–3

see also beriberi; malaria

tropical medicine 7, 18, 237, 239, 242

teaching of, to West African students 239, 245–6, 249, 250

see also Australian Institute of Tropical

Medicine; Far Eastern Association of

Tropical Medicine

Tropical Oil Company 167

Trousseau, Armand 180

Tsouyopoulus, Nelly: Asklepios und die Philosophen: Paradigmawechsel in der Medizin im 19. Jahrhundert, ed. Claudia Wiesemann, Barbara Bröker and Sabine Rogge, reviewed 258–60

tuberculosis

in Norway 548–50

treatment of 235–6; in children 264–5

Tudor, J S 485

Twining, William 92

typhus 220, 232–3

treatment of 372

Tyrell, Ian: True gardens of the gods … 321

Ugeskrift for Læger 226, 362

ulcers see gastrointestinal illness

Ulster Medical Society 73

Transactions 73–4

uncinariasis see hookworm disease/infection

understanding see human understanding

United Fruit Company (US) 167

United Kingdom Association of Doctors in Sports (UKADIS) 471

United States (US) 219, 221

19th-century settlers in Western states 216

industrial health regulations 328–9

Charles Kellaway in 25

lead production/consumption 323–6, 328, 329

lead regulation 332, 333–4

medical research 10, 19–20, 162, 165; in the

Philippines 7

meteorological observations 216

pharmaceutical drugs, marketing of 428–9

Phelps Dodge lead smelter, El Paso, Texas 317, 329–31, 330, 333–4, 335

Rockefeller Foundation hookworm eradication

campaign, 1909–13 151, 153, 155

shock therapy used in 360, 364;

electroconvulsive (ECT) 341, 342

Southern states 223

vivisection in 166

women, medical training for 509, 513, 514

US Army Medical Department 216

US Department of Agriculture 158

US Public Health Service 154, 165

universities, medical research at 5–6, 9

see also individual institutions

University College, Dublin, medical school 57, 497

University College, London 242

University College Hospital (UCH), London 12

research methods 13–14

Uscátegui Mantilla, Rafael 167, 168

vaccination

in 19th-century Britain 114–17

against diphtheria 24

Valenčius, Conevery Bolton 321

The health of the country 216

vapour inhalers 177–8, 177, 183–4, 184, 188–9

Carbolic Smoke Ball 183

Nelson inhaler 183

Ventolin 189

see also inhalation therapy

Vaughan, W E see Fitzpatrick, A J and W E Vaughan

Vedder, Edward, on beriberi 304

vegetarianism, in Victorian Britain 415–16

venereal disease(s) see syphilis

venoms see snake venoms

Verhave, Jan Peter

‘Clifford Dobell and the Making of Paul de

Kruif's Microbe Hunters’ 529–36

vermifuges 152, 160

chenopodium oil 149–50, 153, 154–61

thymol 153–4

Vesalius, Andreas: On the fabric of the human body, Book VI: The heart and associated organs. Book VII: the brain, a translation of De humani corporis … by William Frank Richardson in collaboration with James Burd Carman, reviewed 404–5

Veterinarian 37, 49

Veterinary Journal 52

veterinary journals/textbooks 32, 46

veterinary medicines/chemists 32, 33–4, 39–40, 43, 49, 50

quack remedies 32, 43, 51

veterinary reform, in 19th-century England 30–31, 32, 46–53, 54

need for 46–7

self-improvement as 47–8

RCVS and 32, 47–8, 49, 51, 52–3, 54

RVC and 48, 49

veterinary surgeons, in 19th-century England 29–54

educational qualifications see veterinary training

farriers as 32, 33, 35, 54; see also unqualified

below

history 32–3

income levels/fees 30, 37, 38–9, 40, 42, 43–4, 50, 51, 53

infirmaries run by 41

numbers of 33–7, 38, 39, 47

as professional men 30–31, 32, 54

professional relationships 30, 32, 33, 42, 45–6, 52

public appointments 40–41, 50–51, 53

regional associations for (VMAs) 46, 47, 55

regulation of 30, 31; see also veterinary reform

in rural areas 33–7, 38, 39, 43–4

services offered by 32, 37–44, 48, 50; surgical 39, 44, 49

status/conduct 30, 31, 32, 42, 44–5, 48, 49–50, 51, 53–4

unqualified 30, 31, 32, 35–7, 38, 39, 40, 41, 43, 44–5, 46, 47–8, 49 51–2, 53–4; see also

farriers above

women as 35

Veterinary Surgeons Act 1881 30, 35, 49, 51, 52–3, 54

Veterinary Surgeons Bill 1866 47, 51, 52

veterinary training 31, 32–3, 35–7, 44, 46

apprenticeships 48, 49

cost of 35, 37

development/reform 30, 34–5, 48, 49, 54

as horse-centred 43

importance of 45

RCVS and 33, 46, 49, 52

RVC and 32, 33, 37, 46, 49

in Scotland 30, 32, 33, 35, 46, 47, 52

Vincent, George E, as Rockefeller Foundation president 164, 167, 168

virus research, in Australia 24–6

vivisection, in US 166

voluntary hospitals, in England 475, 478

in Bristol 476–94

financial crisis (post-1918) 476

funding 476–7, 481; see also hospital

contributory schemes

history 475–6

importance 475

in London 478, 479

private patients in 478–81, 493–4

voluntary hospitals, in Ireland 507

Vyse, Ann, trial for murder 441

Waite Agricultural Research Institute, Adelaide 5

Waldron, Tony: Palaeoepidemiology: the measure of disease in the human past, reviewed 407–8

Wallerstein, Immanuel 320

Wallich, Nathaniel 92

Plantæ asiaticæ rariores … 93

Wallis, Patrick, book review by 538–40

Walters, Liz see Bergen, Leo van

war syndromes 95, 96–7

symptom patterns 110

see also gastrointestinal illness

Ward, Hugh 6

Ware, Professor (of Harvard University) 5–9

Waring, Edward 92

Warner, John Harley 348

Warner, John Harley and James M Edmondson: Dissection: photographs of a rite of passage in American medicine, 1880–1930, reviewed 540–41

Warren, Andrew 168

Warren, Carol A B 341

Weaver, Karol K: Medical revolutionaries: the enslaved healers of eighteenth-century Saint Domingue, reviewed 408–9

Webb, James L (Jr): Humanity's burden: a global history of malaria, reviewed 425–7

Weisz, George 457–8, 473

Wellcome, Sir Henry, Howard Cumpston and 22–3

Wellcome Research Institution, Charles Kellaway as director of Scientific Policy 17, 22, 25

Welsh National School of Medicine, history of 567–8

Wendt, Johan 225

West Africa

Ashantis 241

British Army medical staff 241, 242, 249

climatic conditions 237, 239

explorers/traders 287, 240–41

indigenous staff in colonial service 238; see also

medical staff below

medical services 237, 240, 244; for European

women 249; see also West African Medical

Staff

medical staff: European, as incompetent 250, 251; indigenous 239–43, 246–7, 248; need

for 237, 239

missionaries 241, 242

mortality rate 241, 242

private medical practice 238, 240, 242–3, 245, 250–53

West African Medical Staff (WAMS) 237–40, 244–54

conditions of service 244–5, 253

fee-paying private patients of 240, 245, 250–53

formation of 237, 240, 244–8

Information for the use of candidates for

appointments in … 237, 246, 247

racial discrimination in 237–8, 243–54; criticism

of 237–8, 246–7, 252; reasons for 238, 245, 248–53

recruitment to 246–7, 251

success of 247–8

West Indies 77, 84, 87, 88, 221

Westerhof, Danielle: Death and the noble body in medieval England, reviewed 406–7

White, Jemima Blair 515–16

White, Richard 321

Whitley, William T: Artists and their friends in England … 522

Wickkiser, Bronwen L: Asklepios, medicine, and the politics of healing in fifth-century Greece: between craft and cult, reviewed 271–2

Wieland, Amelia, trial for murder 441–2

Wiendlocha, Michał 389, 392, 393

Wiesemann, Claudia see Tsouyopoulos, Nelly

Wilberforce, Octavia 508

Wilkins, John, book review by 272–3

Willcox, Philip 99, 100

Williams, Clara 505–6, 515

Williams, J G P 463, 464, 465, 468, 472

Willis, Thomas 176

Willis, Tim 478

Wills tobacco, Bristol 481, 482

Wilson, A T Macbeth 101–2

Wilson, Daniel R and Gerald A Cory Jr: The evolutionary epidemiology of mania and depression: a theoretical and empirical interpretation of mood disorders, reviewed 283–4

Wilson, James 3

Wilson, John Macauley 241

Wilson-Lee, Kelcey, book review by 406–7

Windle, Bertram 68–9

Winser, D M de R 100–101

Winslow, Forbes, on insanity 451, 452

Winslow, Frederick Christian 78

witchcraft 273–5

Withers, Thomas 176

Witkiewicz, Stanislaw Ignacy 392

Wolf, Jacqueline H: Deliver me from pain: anesthesia and birth in America, reviewed 542–3

Wolfenden Committee on Sport 460–61

women

cancer in 541–2

corpses, contact with 511; see also dissecting

rooms

European in West Africa, medical services for 249

as medical healers in Ottoman Egypt 370, 378, 385–6; as midwives 378–9; wives as 386

menstruation 564–5

puerperal insanity in 440, 447–8

as veterinary surgeons 35

see also childbirth

women doctors

attitudes to 495–6, 498–500, 509, 515–16; of

their families 499–500

careers 501, 504

as missionaries 496

need for 495, 496

personal qualities 504–5

training: in Britain 506, 507, 508–9; in Ireland 495–516; in US 509, 513, 514

for women/children 496

women's education 499

in Ireland 496, 500

Woodard, Dr (of Middlesex Hospital sports injuries clinic) 468

Woods, Abigail and Stephen Matthews

‘“Little, if at all, Removed from the Illiterate

Farrier or Cow-leech”: The English

Veterinary Surgeon, c.1860–1885 and the

Campaign for Veterinary Reform’ 29–54

working classes, health care in 19th-century England 117–18

work-related disease see industrial hazards

World Health Organization (WHO) 323, 331, 333

Worth-Stylianou, Valerie, book review by 276–7

Wright, Roy (“Pansy”) 6

Wright, William 77, 87

yellow fever 151, 165–6, 167

in Cuba 547–8

see also fever(s)

Yoeli-Tlalim, Ronit see Akasoy, Anna, Charles Burnett and Ronit Yoeli-Tialim

al-Zahrāwi, Abū al-Qāsin see Albucasis

Zandberg, Adrian

‘“Villages … Reek of Ether Vapours”: Ether

Drinking in Silesia before 1939’ 387–96

Ziegler, Joseph, book review by 273–5

al-Ziftāwī, Sheik Nūr 376

Zuidervaart, Huib J 228, 229

Zylberman, Patrick, book review by 425–7


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