Funding for this work was from the Nancy Lurie Marks Family Foundation, the Simons Foundation, the Wellcome Trust (075491/Z/04), Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft, and from the European Union in the Sixth Framework Program, LifeScienceHealth, project title Dyslexia genes and neurobiological pathways (NeuroDys, 018696). Funding for the Dutch control data was from National Institute of Mental Health. We acknowledge use of DNA from the British 1958 Birth Cohort collection, funded by the United Kingdom Medical Research Council Grant G0000934 and the Wellcome Trust Grant 068545/Z/02.
We thank Laura Winchester for assisting with QuantiSNP analysis, Elham Sadighi Akha and Samantha JL Knight (both funded by the NIHR Biomedical Research Centre, Oxford) for array-based comparative genomic hybridization, and Kinga Przibilla for polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism screening.
In addition to named authors ATP, EB, MVdJ, FM, AC, SMK, FP, WGS, AJB, EM, and APM, other members of International Molecular Genetic Study of Autism Consortium include: Nuala H. Sykes, Ines Sousa, Richard Holt, and Kirsty Wing, Wellcome Trust Centre for Human Genetics, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom; Michael L. Rutter, Social, Genetic and Developmental Psychiatry Centre, Institute of Psychiatry, London, United Kingdom; Simon Wallace, Kathy White, Marc Coutanche, Suzanne Foley, Katy Renshaw, Kerstin Wittemeyer, and Magdalena Laskawiec, Department of Psychiatry, University of Oxford, Warneford Hospital, Oxford, United Kingdom; Patrick F. Bolton, Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Institute of Psychiatry, London, United Kingdom; Gillian Baird and Vicky Slonims, Newcomen Centre, Guy's Hospital, London, United Kingdom; Zoe Docherty, Stephen Abbs, Caroline Ogilvie, and Pamela Warburton, Regional Genetics Center, Guy's Hospital, London, United Kingdom; Andrew Pickles, Health Sciences, University of Manchester, Manchester, United Kingdom; Jonathan Green, Catherine Aldred, and Julie-Anne Wilkinson, Psychiatry Research Group, University of Manchester, Manchester, United Kingdom; Ann Le Couteur, Jeremy R. Parr, Tom Berney, and Helen McConachie, Newcastle University, Institute of Health and Society and Institute of Neuroscience, Newcastle upon Tyne, United Kingdom; Emma Weisblatt, University of Cambridge Clinical School, Cambridge, United Kingdom; Lennart Pedersen and Demetrious Haracopos, Center for Autisme, Herlev, Denmark; Torben Isager and Ester Ulsted Sorensen, Børne-og Ungdomspsykiatrisk Center, Glostrup, Denmark; Karen Brøndum-Nielsen, Kennedy Centre, Glostrup, Denmark; Bernadette Rogé, Carine Mantoulan, and Maïté Tauber, Centre d'Etudes et de Recherches en Psychopathologie, Université de Toulouse Le Mirail, Toulouse, France; Gabriele Schmötzer, Eftichia Duketis, Christine M Freitag, Sabine Feineis Matthews, and Sabine Schlitt, Klinik für Psychiatrie, Psychosomatik und Psychotherapie des Kindes-und Jugendalters, J W Goethe University Frankfurt, Frankfurt, Germany; Annemarie Poustka*, Bärbel Felder, and Geeta Pakalapati, Division of Molecular Genome Analysis, German Cancer Research Center, Heidelberg, Germany; Sven Bölte, Klinik für Psychiatrie und Psychotherapie des Kindes-und Jugendalters, Zentralinstitut für Seelische Gesundheit, Mannheim, Germany; John Tsiantis, Katerina Papanikolaou, Elena Giouroukou, and Elena Paliokosta, University Department of Child Psychiatry, Agia Sophia Children's Hospital, Athens, Greece; Fabiola Ceroni, Department of Biology, University of Bologna, Bologna, Italy; Agatino Battaglia, Tiziana Filippi, Raffaella Tancredi, Barbara Parrini, and Roberta Igliozzi, Stella Maris Clinical Research Institute for Child and Adolescent Neuropsychiatry, Calambrone (Pisa), Italy; Herman Van Engeland, Chantal Kemner, Marjolijn Langemeijer, Channa Hijmans, and Frederieke Koop, Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Rudolf Magnus Institute of Neuroscience, University Medical Center Utrecht, Utrecht, The Netherlands; Catherine Lord, Autism and Communicative Disorders Centre, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan; Edwin H. Cook, Stephen J. Guter, and Jeff Salt, Institute for Juvenile Research, Department of Psychiatry, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, Illinois; Bennett L. Leventhal, Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, New York University and New York University Child Study Center, New York, New York; Fred Volkmar, Child Study Centre, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut; Eric Fombonne, Division of Psychiatry, McGill University, Montreal Children's Hospital, Montreal, Quebec, Canada; Janine A. Lamb, Centre for Integrated Genomic Medical Research, University of Manchester, Manchester, United Kingdom. *Deceased.
The authors declare no biomedical financial interests or potential conflicts of interest.