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Arab Sci Philos. Author manuscript; available in PMC 2010 September 16.
Published in final edited form as:
PMCID: PMC2939973
EMSID: UKMS2783

CASE NOTES AND CLINICIANS: GALENS COMMENTARY ON THE HIPPOCRATIC EPIDEMICS IN THE ARABIC TRADITION

Abstract

Galens Commentaries on the Hippocratic Epidemics constitute one of the most detailed studies of Hippocratic medicine from Antiquity. The Arabic translation of the Commentaries by Hunayn ibn Ishāq (d. c. 873) is of crucial importance because it preserves large sections now lost in Greek, and because it helped to establish an Arabic clinical literature. The present contribution investigate the translation of this seminal work into Syriac and Arabic. It provides a first survey of the manuscript tradition, and explores how physicians in the medieval Muslim world drew on it both to teach medicine to students, and to develop a framework for their own clinical research.