We are indebted to our medical and nursing colleagues and the infants and their parents who agreed to take part in this study. The following investigators, in addition to those listed as authors, participated in this study:
NRN Steering Committee Chair: Alan H. Jobe, MD PhD, University of Cincinnati.
Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development: Linda L. Wright, MD.
University of Iowa: Carver College of Medicine (U10 HD53109, CTSA UL1 RR24979, and GCRC M01 RR59) - Karen J. Johnson, RN.
Case Western Reserve University: Rainbow Babies & Children's Hospital (GCRC M01 RR80, U10 HD21364) – Avroy A. Fanaroff, MD; Nancy S. Newman, RN; Harriet G. Friedman, MA; Bonnie S. Siner, RN; Deanne E. Wilson-Costello, MD.
University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston: Children's Memorial Hermann Hospital, and Lyndon Baines Johnson General Hospital/Harris County Hospital District (U10 HD21373) – Jon E. Tyson, MD MPH; Kathleen A. Kennedy, MD MPH; Patricia W. Evans, MD; Esther G. Akpa, RN BSN; Nora Alaniz, BS; Patty A. Cluff, RN; Claudia I. Franco, RNC MSN; Anna E. Lis, RN BSN; Sarah Martin, RN BSN; Maegan C. Simmons, RN; Georgia E. McDavid, RN; Patti Pierce Tate, RCP; Pamela J. Bradt, MD MPH; Susan Dieterich, PhD; Terri Major-Kincade, MD MPH; Brenda H. Morris, MD; Stacey Reddoch, BA; Laura L. Whitely, MD.
Wayne State University: Hutzel Women’s Hospital and Children’s Hospital of Michigan (U10 HD21385) – Seetha Shankaran, MD; Rebecca Bara, RN BSN; Geraldine Muran, RN BSN; Laura Goldston, MA; Yvette R. Johnson, MD MPH; Athina Pappas, MD; Deborah Kennedy, RN BSN; Rebecca Wheeler.
University of Miami: Holtz Children's Hospital (GCRC M01 RR16587, U10 HD21397) – Charles R. Bauer, MD; Shahnaz Duara, MD; Ruth Everett-Thomas, RN MSN; Maria Calejo, MS; Alexis N. Diaz, BA; Silvia M. Frade Eguaras, MA; Yamiley C. Gideon, BA; Sylvia Hiriart-Fajardo, MD; Ann Londono; Elaine O. Mathews, RN.
Emory University: Children’s Healthcare of Atlanta, Grady Memorial Hospital, and Emory Crawford Long Hospital (GCRC M01 RR39, U10 HD27851) – Susie Buchter, MD; Marcia Berry Bishop, MS NNP-BC; Irma Seabrook, RRT; Ellen C. Hale, RN BS CCRC; Ira Adams-Chapman, MD; Sheena Carter, PhD; Elisabeth Dinkins, PNP; Maureen Mulligan LaRossa, RN; Gloria V. Smikle, PNP.
University of Cincinnati: University Hospital, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, and Good Samaritan Hospital (GCRC M01 RR8084, U10 HD27853) – Edward F. Donovan, MD; Barbara Alexander, RN; Kate Bridges, MD; Cathy Grisby, BSN CCRC; Marcia Worley Mersmann, RN CCRC; Holly L. Mincey, RN BSN; Jody Hessling , RN; Teresa L. Gratton, PA; Jean J. Steichen, MD.
Indiana University: Indiana University Hospital, Methodist Hospital, Riley Hospital for Children, and Wishard Health Services (GCRC M01 RR750, U10 HD27856) – Brenda B. Poindexter, MD MS; James A. Lemons, MD; Diana D. Appel, RN BSN; Dianne E. Herron, RN; Lucy C. Miller, RN BSN CCRC; Richard Hooper, RRT; Lon G. Bohnke, MS; Marilyn Bull, MD; Ann B. Cook, MS; Anna M. Dusick, MD FAAP; Greg Eaken, PhD; Darlene Kardatzke, MD; Carolyn Lytle, MD MPH; Heike M. Minnich, PsyD HSPP; Leslie Richard, RN.
Yale University: Yale-New Haven Children’s Hospital (GCRC M01 RR125, U10 HD27871) – Richard A. Ehrenkranz, MD; Patricia Gettner, RN; Monica Konstantino, RN BSN; JoAnn Poulsen, RN; Janet Taft, RN BSN; Nancy Close, PhD; Elaine Romano, MSN; Joanne Williams, RN BSN.
Stanford University: Lucile Packard Children's Hospital and El Camino Hospital (GCRC M01 RR70, U10 HD27880) – David K. Stevenson, MD; Krisa P. Van Meurs, MD; Susan R. Hintz, MD MS; M. Bethany Ball, BS CCRC; Anne M. DeBattista, RN PNP; Joan M. Baran, PhD; Ginger K. Brudos, PhD; Julie C. Lee-Ancajas, PhD; Renee P. Pyle, PhD; Nicholas H. St. John, PhD; Marian M. Adams, MD; Jean G. Kohn, MD MPH; Dharshi Sivakumar, MD.
Brown University: Women & Infants Hospital of Rhode Island (U10 HD27904) – William Oh, MD; Angelita M. Hensman, RN BSN; Barbara Alksninis, PNP; William J. Cashore, MD; Regina A. Gargus, MD; Shabnam Lainwala MD; Theresa M. Leach, MEd CAES; Martha R. Leonard, BA BS; Kalida Mehta MD; James R. Moore, MD; Lucy Noel, Bonnie E. Stephens, MD; Rachel V. Walden, MD; Betty R. Vohr, MD; Victoria E. Watson, MS CAS.
University of Alabama at Birmingham: Health System and Children’s Hospital of Alabama (GCRC M01 RR32, U10 HD34216) – Monica V. Collins, RN BSN MaEd; Shirley S. Cosby, RN BSN; Fred J. Biasini, PhD; Stephanie A. Chopko, PhD; Mary Beth Moses, PT MS PCS; Kathleen G. Nelson, MD; Myriam Peralta-Carcelen, MD MPH; Vivien A. Phillips, RN BSN; Richard V. Rector, PhD; Sally Whitley, MA OTR-L FAOTA.
University of California – San Diego: Medical Center and Sharp Mary Birch Hospital for Women (U10 HD40461) – Neil N. Finer, MD; Maynard R. Rasmussen, MD; Paul R. Wozniak, MD; Kathy Arnell, RNC; Renee Bridge, RN; Clarence Demetrio, RN; Jim Goodmar, RRT; Chris Henderson, RCP CRTT; Wade Rich, BSHS RRT; Rene Barbieri-Welge; Ayala Ben-Tall; Martha G. Fuller, RN MSN; Elaine Ito; Meghan Lukasik; Deborah Pontillo; Donna Posin, OTR/L MPA; Cheryl Runyan; Yvonne E. Vaucher, MD MPH; James Wilkes; Paul Zlotnik, MD.
Duke University School of Medicine: University Hospital, Alamance Regional Medical Center, and Durham Regional Hospital (GCRC M01 RR30, U10 HD40492) – Ronald N. Goldberg, MD; C. Michael Cotten, MD MHS; Kathy J. Auten, MSHS; Ricki F. Goldstein, MD; Kathryn E. Gustafson, PhD; Melody B. Lohmeyer, RN MSN; William F. Malcolm, MD.
Wake Forest University: Baptist Medical Center, Forsyth Medical Center, and Brenner Children’s Hospital (GCRC M01 RR7122, U10 HD40498) – T. Michael O’Shea, MD MPH; Nancy J. Peters, RN CCRP; Deborah Evans Allred, MA LPA; Korinne Chiu, MA; Robert G. Dillard, MD; Donald J. Goldstein, PhD; Raquel Halfond, MA; Cherrie D. Welch, MD MPH; Gail Wiley Hounshell, PhD; Barbara G. Jackson, RN BSN; Melissa Whalen Morris, MA; Carroll Peterson, MA; Ellen L. Waldrep, MS.
University of Rochester School of Medicine and Dentistry: Golisano Children's Hospital at Strong (GCRC M01 RR44, U10 HD40521) – Dale L. Phelps, MD; Linda J. Reubens, RN CCRC; Mary Rowan, RN; Erica L. Burnell, RN; Julie Babish Johnson, MSW; Diane Hust, MS RN CS; Rosemary L. Jensen; Emily Kushner, MA; Joan Merzbach, LMSW; Gary J. Myers, MD; Kelley Yost, PhD; Lauren Zwetsch, RN MS PNP.
University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas: Parkland Health & Hospital System and Children's Medical Center Dallas (GCRC M01 RR633, U10 HD40689) – Charles R. Rosenfeld, MD; Walid A. Salhab, MD; Gaynelle Hensley, RN; Susie Madison, RN; Nancy A. Miller, RN; Melissa Martin, RN; James Allen, RRT; Kerry Wilder, RN; Alicia Guzman; R. Sue Broyles, MD; Roy J. Heyne, MD; Sally S. Adams, MS RN CPNP; Catherine Twell Boatman, MS; Cristin Dooley, MS; Elizabeth Heyne, PA; Jackie F. Hickman, RN; Linda A. Madden, BSN, RN, CPNP; Janet S. Morgan, RN.
Data Coordinating Center:
RTI International: (U01 HD36790) – W. Kenneth Poole, PhD; Betty K. Hastings; Carolyn Petrie Huitema, MS; Elizabeth M. McClure, MEd; Jeanette O’Donnell Auman, BS; Kristin M. Zaterka-Baxter, RN BSN; Jamie E. Newman, PhD MPH.