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Acta Crystallogr Sect E Struct Rep Online. 2008 January 1; 64(Pt 1): o223.
Published online 2007 December 6. doi:  10.1107/S1600536807064793
PMCID: PMC2915284

Redetermination of trans-cyclo­hexane-1,4-diammonium dichloride

Abstract

A redetermination of the crystal structure of the title compound, C6H16N2 2+·2Cl, was undertaken. All atomic coordinates including those of the H atoms were refined freely. The cation is located on a centre of symmetry. Important for the crystal structure are wavy hydrogen-bonded layers that are formed by ammonium groups and chloride anions, giving hydrogen-bonded An external file that holds a picture, illustration, etc.
Object name is e-64-0o223-efi1.jpg rings.

Related literature

For previous structure determinations, see: Dunitz & Strickler (1965 [triangle], 1966 [triangle]). For the isostructural cyclo­hexane-1,4-diammonium dibromide, see: Rademeyer (2006 [triangle]). For hydrogen-bond motifs, see: Etter et al. (1990 [triangle]); Rademeyer (2006 [triangle]).

An external file that holds a picture, illustration, etc.
Object name is e-64-0o223-scheme1.jpg

Experimental

Crystal data

  • C6H16N2 2+·2Cl
  • M r = 187.11
  • Monoclinic, An external file that holds a picture, illustration, etc.
Object name is e-64-0o223-efi2.jpg
  • a = 5.2550 (11) Å
  • b = 14.890 (3) Å
  • c = 6.3604 (12) Å
  • β = 99.824 (18)°
  • V = 490.39 (16) Å3
  • Z = 2
  • Mo Kα radiation
  • μ = 0.60 mm−1
  • T = 293 (2) K
  • 0.30 × 0.24 × 0.20 mm

Data collection

  • Stoe STADI CCD diffractometer
  • Absorption correction: none
  • 13502 measured reflections
  • 1766 independent reflections
  • 1562 reflections with I > 2σ(I)
  • R int = 0.043

Refinement

  • R[F 2 > 2σ(F 2)] = 0.038
  • wR(F 2) = 0.072
  • S = 1.03
  • 1766 reflections
  • 79 parameters
  • All H-atom parameters refined
  • Δρmax = 0.41 e Å−3
  • Δρmin = −0.28 e Å−3

Data collection: CrysAlis CCD (Kuma Diffraction, 2000 [triangle]); cell refinement: CrysAlis RED (Kuma Diffraction, 2000 [triangle]); data reduction: CrysAlis RED; program(s) used to solve structure: SHELXS97 (Sheldrick, 1997 [triangle]); program(s) used to refine structure: SHELXL97 (Sheldrick, 1997 [triangle]); molecular graphics: DIAMOND (Brandenburg, 2001 [triangle]); software used to prepare material for publication: SHELXL97.

Table 1
Hydrogen-bond geometry (Å, °)

Supplementary Material

Crystal structure: contains datablocks I, global. DOI: 10.1107/S1600536807064793/gd2030sup1.cif

Structure factors: contains datablocks I. DOI: 10.1107/S1600536807064793/gd2030Isup2.hkl

Additional supplementary materials: crystallographic information; 3D view; checkCIF report

supplementary crystallographic information

Comment

The title compound was first crystallographically characterized by Dunitz and coworkers in 1966 (Dunitz & Strickler,1965, 1966). This quality structure determination only lacks the fact that all hydrogen atom positions, especially those of the ammonium group, were introduced into the structure model on the basic of geometrically calculated positions, with the N—H and the C—H distances set to 1.1 Å. For X-ray data refinement of hydrogen atom positions significantly shorter values are commonly found. We now describe an improved structure model - the hydrogen atoms were reliably found and refined from quality X-ray data.

A standard refinement using reflections up to 50 ° / 2Θ gave the following values: R2 = 6.01, R1 = 2.97, GooF = 1.197. Using data with reflections up to 65°/2Θ a more stable refinement is possible and the standard uncertainies of the N—H-distances are smaller.

The title structure consists of hydrogen bonded hydrophilic layers in the ac-plane. These wavy layers are built by an annulated ring-motif (R36(12); Etter, 1990) constructed by three chloride anions and three ammonium groups (Fig. 3). Each ammonium group donates three hydrogen bonds of only slightly different strength to neighbouring chloride anions (Tab. 2, Fig. 1 + 2). The title compound is therefore isostructual but not isotypic to the cyclohexane-1,4-diammonium dibromide (Rademeyer, 2006).

In terms of crystal engineering the structure of the title compound is dominated by the hydrogen bonded layers. The aliphatic cyclohexane-1,4-diyl fragments connect these layers. According to the positions of the ammonium groups in the hydrogen bonded network the cyclohexyl-fragments do not appear cloesly packed (Fig. 3).

Experimental

trans-Cyclohexane-1,4-diammonium dichloride was prepared by the reaction of 1,4-diaminocyclohexane (+99%, Aldrich, 0.11 g) and hydrochloric acid (37%) at room temperature. From this colourless solution small block shaped crystals were obtained.

Refinement

All hydrogen atom positions were obtained from difference fourier maps, all hydrogen atoms were refined freely and with an individual isotropic displacement parameter for each (H—X distance range: 0.88–1.01 A).

Figures

Fig. 1.
The structure of the title compound (displacement ellipsoids at the 40% probability level, H-atoms drawn with arbitrary radius).Thin dashed lines show hydrogen bonds to neighbouring chloride anions. The atoms of the asymmetric unit are labeled.
Fig. 2.
Hydrogen bonded layer in the ac-plane of the title structure, constructed from annulated R36(12) motifs. (Symmetry code ' = -1/2 + x, 0,5 - y, -1/2 + z)
Fig. 3.
Crystal packing seen along the c direction. Hydrogen bonding interactions are shown as dotted lines.

Crystal data

C6H16N22+·2ClF000 = 200
Mr = 187.11Dx = 1.267 Mg m3
Monoclinic, P21/nMo Kα radiation λ = 0.71073 Å
a = 5.2550 (11) ÅCell parameters from 1610 reflections
b = 14.890 (3) Åθ = 4.8–17.4º
c = 6.3604 (12) ŵ = 0.60 mm1
β = 99.824 (18)ºT = 293 (2) K
V = 490.39 (16) Å3Block, colourless
Z = 20.30 × 0.24 × 0.20 mm

Data collection

Stoe STADI CCD diffractometer1562 reflections with I > 2σ(I)
Radiation source: fine-focus sealed tubeRint = 0.043
Monochromator: graphiteθmax = 32.5º
T = 293(2) Kθmin = 4.3º
ω scansh = −7→7
Absorption correction: nonek = −22→22
13502 measured reflectionsl = −8→9
1766 independent reflections

Refinement

Refinement on F2Hydrogen site location: difference Fourier map
Least-squares matrix: fullAll H-atom parameters refined
R[F2 > 2σ(F2)] = 0.038  w = 1/[σ2(Fo2) + 0.3P] where P = (Fo2 + 2Fc2)/3
wR(F2) = 0.072(Δ/σ)max < 0.001
S = 1.04Δρmax = 0.41 e Å3
1766 reflectionsΔρmin = −0.28 e Å3
79 parametersExtinction correction: SHELXL, Fc*=kFc[1+0.001xFc2λ3/sin(2θ)]-1/4
Primary atom site location: structure-invariant direct methodsExtinction coefficient: 0.174 (6)
Secondary atom site location: difference Fourier map

Special details

Geometry. All e.s.d.'s (except the e.s.d. in the dihedral angle between two l.s. planes) are estimated using the full covariance matrix. The cell e.s.d.'s are taken into account individually in the estimation of e.s.d.'s in distances, angles and torsion angles; correlations between e.s.d.'s in cell parameters are only used when they are defined by crystal symmetry. An approximate (isotropic) treatment of cell e.s.d.'s is used for estimating e.s.d.'s involving l.s. planes.
Refinement. Refinement of F2 against ALL reflections. The weighted R-factor wR and goodness of fit S are based on F2, conventional R-factors R are based on F, with F set to zero for negative F2. The threshold expression of F2 > σ(F2) is used only for calculating R-factors(gt) etc. and is not relevant to the choice of reflections for refinement. R-factors based on F2 are statistically about twice as large as those based on F, and R- factors based on ALL data will be even larger.

Fractional atomic coordinates and isotropic or equivalent isotropic displacement parameters (Å2)

xyzUiso*/Ueq
Cl10.46825 (6)0.15413 (2)0.46296 (5)0.03915 (12)
N10.5260 (2)0.34260 (8)0.24820 (19)0.0338 (2)
H10.522 (3)0.2870 (13)0.316 (3)0.051 (5)*
H20.642 (4)0.3377 (12)0.168 (3)0.057 (5)*
H30.377 (4)0.3498 (12)0.163 (3)0.050 (5)*
C10.6023 (3)0.50463 (8)0.3001 (2)0.0335 (3)
H110.448 (3)0.5150 (11)0.198 (3)0.041 (4)*
H120.738 (4)0.5022 (11)0.221 (3)0.043 (4)*
C20.5751 (2)0.41590 (8)0.41008 (18)0.0281 (2)
H210.726 (3)0.4018 (10)0.503 (2)0.029 (3)*
C30.3565 (3)0.41864 (9)0.5386 (2)0.0358 (3)
H310.203 (3)0.4276 (11)0.445 (3)0.042 (4)*
H320.355 (3)0.3590 (11)0.613 (3)0.044 (4)*

Atomic displacement parameters (Å2)

U11U22U33U12U13U23
Cl10.03850 (18)0.03987 (18)0.04168 (19)−0.00250 (12)0.01427 (13)0.00190 (13)
N10.0361 (5)0.0330 (5)0.0350 (5)−0.0006 (4)0.0137 (4)−0.0018 (4)
C10.0416 (6)0.0331 (6)0.0301 (6)−0.0022 (5)0.0179 (5)0.0026 (4)
C20.0275 (5)0.0315 (5)0.0267 (5)0.0006 (4)0.0082 (4)0.0021 (4)
C30.0394 (6)0.0341 (6)0.0390 (6)−0.0078 (5)0.0211 (5)−0.0008 (5)

Geometric parameters (Å, °)

N1—C21.4924 (16)C2—C31.5201 (16)
C1—C21.5130 (17)C2—H210.928 (15)
C1—C3i1.5259 (18)C3—C1i1.5259 (18)
C1—H110.959 (17)C3—H310.927 (17)
C1—H120.941 (19)C3—H321.008 (17)
C2—N1—H1110.2 (11)N1—C2—C3109.47 (10)
C2—N1—H2114.4 (13)N1—C2—C1109.79 (10)
H1—N1—H2105.8 (16)C3—C2—C1111.39 (10)
C2—N1—H3111.6 (12)N1—C2—H21107.7 (9)
H1—N1—H3107.8 (16)C3—C2—H21107.6 (9)
H2—N1—H3106.8 (18)C1—C2—H21110.8 (9)
C2—C1—C3i110.91 (10)C2—C3—C1i110.36 (10)
C2—C1—H11108.6 (10)C2—C3—H31108.1 (11)
C3i—C1—H11110.0 (10)C1i—C3—H31109.5 (10)
C2—C1—H12110.8 (10)C2—C3—H32107.4 (10)
C3i—C1—H12110.9 (10)C1i—C3—H32110.8 (10)
H11—C1—H12105.6 (15)H31—C3—H32110.6 (15)
C3i—C1—C2—N1178.07 (10)N1—C2—C3—C1i−177.94 (11)
C3i—C1—C2—C356.65 (16)C1—C2—C3—C1i−56.34 (16)

Symmetry codes: (i) −x+1, −y+1, −z+1.

Hydrogen-bond geometry (Å, °)

D—H···AD—HH···AD···AD—H···A
N1—H3···Cl1ii0.88 (2)2.30 (2)3.1734 (15)170.3 (16)
N1—H2···Cl1iii0.86 (2)2.33 (2)3.1833 (13)171.9 (17)
N1—H1···Cl10.93 (2)2.23 (2)3.1584 (13)173.9 (16)

Symmetry codes: (ii) x−1/2, −y+1/2, z−1/2; (iii) x+1/2, −y+1/2, z−1/2.

Footnotes

Supplementary data and figures for this paper are available from the IUCr electronic archives (Reference: GD2030).

References

  • Brandenburg, K. (2001). DIAMOND Crystal Impact GbR, Bonn, Germany.
  • Dunitz, J. D. & Strickler, P. (1965). Helv. Chim. Acta, 48, 1450–1456.
  • Dunitz, J. D. & Strickler, P. (1966). Helv. Chim. Acta, 49, 2502–2505.
  • Etter, M. C., MacDonald, J. C. & Bernstein, J. (1990). Acta Cryst. B46, 256–262. [PubMed]
  • Kuma Diffraction (2000). CrysAlis CCD and CrysAlis RED Versions 1.166. Kuma Diffraction Instruments, Wroclaw, Poland.
  • Rademeyer, M. (2006). Acta Cryst. E62, o5767–o5769.
  • Sheldrick, G. M. (1997). SHELXS97 and SHELXL97 University of Göttingen, Germany.

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