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West J Emerg Med. 2010 May; 11(2): 222.
PMCID: PMC2908670

Intraosseous Meningioma

A 47-year-old Hispanic woman presented to the emergency department for evaluation of a left frontal head mass she reported noticing in the previous month, which caused her localized dull discomfort. She denied any recent or past trauma, and denied any vision, speech, motor or sensory changes. Her examination was significant for a large, firm, non-tender exophytic left frontal mass, approximately 5 cm in diameter with normal scalp overlying it. Her neurological examination was completely normal. An MRI revealed a 10x6x4 cm area of expansion of the left frontal and parietal calvarium with a plaque-like dural based mass underlying the calvarial thickening, consistent with a meningioma with interosseous extension. There was moderate mass effect on the underlying left cerebral hemisphere with a 5mm midline shift to the right (Figure 1).

Figure 1.
Moderate mass effect with 5mm midline shift to the right on the underlying left cerebral hemisphere.

Meningiomas are one of the most frequently reported primary intracranial neoplasm, accounting for approximately 25% of all such lesions diagnosed in the United States.1 The incidence increases with age and is higher in women, with a male-to-female ratio of about 1:2.2 While the majority (>90%) of meningiomas are histopathologically benign, they can be associated with devastating neurological complications, such as seizures and vision loss.3 The risk factors most commonly attributed to meningiomas are exposure to ionizing radiation and hormones, although the exact association between these has not been clearly defined.1 The options for management and prognosis of benign meningiomas are dictated primarily by tumor location and size. Surgery is the mainstay of treatment but given that these are slow-growing tumors and sometimes asymptomatic, it is not necessary for every patient. Other options include radiation alone or as an adjuvant to surgery, or observation.4

Footnotes

Reprints available through open access at http://escholarship.org/uc/uciem_westjem

REFERENCES

1. Claus EB, Bondy ML, Schildkraut JM, et al. Epidemiology of intracranial meningioma. Neurosurgery. 2005;57:1088–95. [PubMed]
2. Rohringer M, Sutherland GR, Louw DF, et al. Incidence and clinicopathological features of meningioma. J Neurosurg. 1989;71:665–72. [PubMed]
3. Feun LG, Raub WA, Landy HJ, et al. Retrospective epidemiologic analysis of patients diagnosed with intracranial meningioma from 1977 to 1990 at the Jackson memorial hospital, Sylvester comprehensive cancer center: the Jackson memorial hospital tumor registry experience. Cancer Detect Prev. 1996;20:166–70. [PubMed]
4. Lee JH, Sade B. Management options and surgical principles. In: Lee JH, editor. Meningiomas: diagnosis, treatment, and outcome. London: Springer; 2009. pp. 203–207.

Articles from Western Journal of Emergency Medicine are provided here courtesy of The University of California, Irvine