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Logo of jtraummoBioMed CentralBiomed Central Web Sitesearchsubmit a manuscriptregisterthis articleJournal of Trauma Management & OutcomesJournal Front Page
 
From:
Published online 2010 May 26. doi: 10.1186/1752-2897-4-6

Table 3

Injury characteristics and therapeutic variables in substance abuse versus no substance abuse groups.

VariablesSubstance abuse (CAGE ≥2)
n = 23
No substance abuse (CAGE <2)
n = 65
Glasgow coma scale (GCS)
 Mean ± SD7.7 ± 3.27.7 ± 3.1
Injury severity sore (ISS)
 Mean ± SD30.1 ± 12.928.3 ± 13.0
Intracranial surgery
 Rate52%35%
Intracranial pressure (ICP)
 Measurement rate57%47%
Artificial ventilation
 Rate81%68%
Tracheostomy
 Rate57%39%
Artificial ventilation days
 Median (IQR)12 (19)2 (15)
Medical complications >1
 Rate30%15%
ICU length of stay
 Median (IQR)9 (15)4.5 (12)
Length of acute hospital stay
 Median (IQR)9 (12)7.5 (10)
Glasgow outcome scale (GOS)
 Level ≥430%45%

ICU = Intensive Care Unit; IQR = interquartile range