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Filler injections are the most common aesthetic procedures used for volume correction. Various techniques have been described in the use of fillers. This article reviews the available literature on a new technique using the intraoral approach for injection of fillers.
A filler injection is one of the most frequently performed procedures in Aesthetic Dermatology practice. A dermatologist's goal is to achieve the best results with minimal or no downtime and the filler injection fulfils this goal satisfactorily. Filler injections are therefore an integral part of every aesthetic dermatologist's practice, be it in the form of temporary, semi-permanent, or permanent fillers. Different techniques of filler administration that are in common practice are linear threading (antegrade or retrograde), serial puncture, fanning, cross-hatching, depot, fern and cone. These techniques use a percutaneous approach for injecting the filler. The choice of technique depends on the site of injection, the product and the result desired. This article reviews a new technique, an intraoral approach, to place the fillers in the injection plane in the mid-face rejuvenation and perioral region. This procedure is recommended for heavier molecule products like Restylane Sub Q or Juvederm Voluma and has been introduced to achieve minimum downtime.
The skin overlying the treatment area is cleansed with a topical antiseptic. With the patient in an upright position, the procedure area is marked. The areas are marked using the Hinderers technique. The volume augmentation site is identified by two lines intersecting each other. One line runs from the tragus to the alar cartilage of the nose and the other from the outer canthus of the eye to the labial commissure. The implant is placed in the upper outer quadrant of the criss-cross lines.
The oral cavity is cleaned with Betadine™ mouth gargle or a chlorhexidine-based mouth wash, and a local anaesthetic infiltration of xylocaine 2% with adrenaline (1:2,00,000) is given at the mucosal puncture sites in the upper gingival fornix at the second incisor and canine junction level. After the lips are retracted by an assistant, a small stab or puncture wound is made in the mucosa using a scalpel blade No. 11. A blunt 18 gauge cannula is introduced through this site superficial to the bone, always using the other hand to guide the cannula. The guiding hand is kept at the infraorbital margin to prevent placing of the product in the orbital fossa. Multiple tracts are made with the cannula and the filler is placed in retrograde technique till the desired volume is reached. A fresh cannula is used for the other side of the face. An antibiotic prophylaxis is used to combat the risk of infection.
As with any new technique, several apprehensions have been expressed about this technique too, which are as follows:
A recent report has claimed that pre-mixing fillers with lidocaine can lead to less bruising and swelling after transcutaneous administration. In view of this, intraoral administration is no longer needed to obtain such an advantage.
In view of these features, it can be concluded that the claimed benefits of the intraoral approach are weighed by the risks and difficulties of this technique, and there is no added advantage of the intraoral approach over the traditional transcutaneous route, unless one is using a heavier molecule filler for volume augmentation.
Source of Support: Nil
Conflict of Interest: None declared.