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Semin Plast Surg. 2004 February; 18(1): 53–60.
PMCID: PMC2884697
Facial Paralysis
Guest Editor Susan E. Mackinnon M.D.

Donor Nerve Selection in Facial Reanimation Surgery


The motor components of local cranial nerves provide a series of options for the surgical rehabilitation of the paralyzed face. Nerve donor sites vary with respect to their motor power, functional deficit, and synergy with facial expression. A thorough understanding of each donor nerve's strengths and weaknesses facilitates the selection process. Technical modifications to reduce donor site morbidity and the emerging role of the masseter nerve are examined.

Keywords: Facial nerve paralysis, trigeminal motor nerve, cross-face nerve graft, hypoglossal nerve transfer, facial reanimation

Articles from Seminars in Plastic Surgery are provided here courtesy of Thieme Medical Publishers