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Biol Lett. Jun 23, 2010; 6(3): 336–338.
Published online Dec 9, 2009. doi:  10.1098/rsbl.2009.0793
PMCID: PMC2880038
Impending conservation crisis for Southeast Asian amphibians
Jodi Rowley,1* Rafe Brown,2 Raoul Bain,3 Mirza Kusrini,4 Robert Inger,5 Bryan Stuart,6 Guin Wogan,7 Neang Thy,8 Tanya Chan-ard,9 Cao Tien Trung,10 Arvin Diesmos,11 Djoko T. Iskandar,12 Michael Lau,13 Leong Tzi Ming,14 Sunchai Makchai,9 Nguyen Quang Truong,15 and Somphouthone Phimmachak16
1Australian Museum, 6 College Street, Sydney, New South Wales 2010, Australia
2Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology and Biodiversity Institute, University of Kansas, Dyche Hall, 1345 Jayhawk Boulevard, Lawrence, KS 66045-7561, USA
3Department of Zoology (Herpetology), American Museum of Natural History, Central Park West at 79th Street, New York, NY 10024, USA
4Department of Forest Resources Conservation and Ecotourism, Faculty of Forestry, Bogor Agricultural University, Darmaga Campus, West Java, Indonesia
5Division of Amphibians and Reptiles, Department of Zoology, The Field Museum, 1400 South Lake Shore Drive, Chicago, IL 60605-2496, USA
6North Carolina Museum of Natural Sciences, 11 West Jones Street, Raleigh, NC 27601, USA
7Museum of Vertebrate Zoology, University of California, 3101 Valley Life Sciences Building, Berkeley, CA 94720-3160, USA
8Department of Nature Conservation and Protection, Ministry of Environment, 48 Samdech Preah Sihanouk, Tonle Bassac, Chamkarmorn, Phnom Penh, Cambodia
9Thailand Natural History Museum, National Science Museum, Technopolis, Klong 5, Klong Luang District, Pathum Thani 12120, Thailand
10Vinh University, 182 Le Duan, Vinh City, Nghe An Province, Vietnam
11National Museum of the Philippines, Padre Burgos Avenue, Ermita 1000, Manila, Philippines
12School of Life Sciences and Technology, Institut Teknologi Bandung, 10 Jalan Ganesa, Bandung 40132, Indonesia
13Kadoorie Farm and Botanic Gardens, Lam Kam Road, Tai Po, New Territories, Hong Kong SAR, People's Republic of China
14Central Nature Reserve, National Parks Board, 601 Island Club Road 578775, Singapore, Republic of Singapore
15Institute of Ecology and Biological Resources, 18 Hoang Quoc Viet Street, Hanoi, Vietnam
16National University of Laos, Vientiane, Lao PDR
Received October 2, 2009; Accepted November 17, 2009.
With an understudied amphibian fauna, the highest deforestation rate on the planet and high harvesting pressures, Southeast Asian amphibians are facing a conservation crisis. Owing to the overriding threat of habitat loss, the most critical conservation action required is the identification and strict protection of habitat assessed as having high amphibian species diversity and/or representing distinctive regional amphibian faunas. Long-term population monitoring, enhanced survey efforts, collection of basic biological and ecological information, continued taxonomic research and evaluation of the impact of commercial trade for food, medicine and pets are also needed. Strong involvement of regional stakeholders, students and professionals is essential to accomplish these actions.
Keywords: amphibians, Southeast Asia, conservation, habitat loss
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