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From:
Published online 2010 January 26. doi: 10.1159/000272018

Table 1

Age group subsample characteristics and averages on key variables

Age group
χ2p
octogenarians (n = 76)
centenarians (n = 158)
n%n%
Sex: female4964.512478.55.220.02
Ethnicity0.01ns
 Caucasian American6484.213484.8
 African American1215.82415.2
Residential status
 Private home6595.66349.641.560.00
 Nursing home22.93426.8
 Personal care home11.53023.6
Marital status53.870.00
 Currently married3444.7106.3
 Divorced56.653.2
 Widowed3647.413484.8
 Never married11.395.7

MeanSDMeanSDtp

Depressive Symptoms2.011.982.511.87−1.840.07
MMSE27.541.8123.403.958.700.00
DAFS-IADLs77.264.2658.7416.309.190.00
Perceived health difficultiesa1.200.750.980.732.100.04
ILS problem-solving36.513.2228.927.298.160.00
FOME recognition errors2.511.823.552.12−3.390.001
Extraversion3.234.061.914.212.110.04
Neuroticism−8.123.96−7.325.39−1.08ns

MMSE = Mini-Mental Status Exam; DAFS-IADLs = Direct Assessment of Functional Status-instrumental activities of daily living; ILS = Independent Living Scales; FOME = Fuld Object Memory Exam.

aHigher values represent less perceived difficulty.