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b) Bordetella bronchiseptica causes pneumonia and septicemia in guinea pigs.
d) Recent studies have failed to confirm the value of pyloroplasty in preventing recurrence of gastric dilation-torsion.
b) Aging of the lens results in dehydration and hardening or sclerosis of the lens nucleus.
b) Transfer only occurs within the first few hours after nursing, until the gut “closes” to antibody uptake.
c) Hypertonic enemas should never be administered to cats or small dogs, especially if the animal is obstipated. These can kill the animal by fluid and electrolyte shifts.
b) Association of nasal discharge with nursing in a neonate is essentially pathognomonic for cleft palate. Persistent dorsal displacement of the soft palate can be associated with coughing and nasal discharge containing food material in some horses. Intermittent dorsal displacement of the soft palate causes exercise intolerance in racehorses; clinical signs of the condition are usually absent at rest.
a) The most common congenital cardiac defect in foals is ventricular septal defect.
b) Blackleg is most consistent with the described signs.
d) This painful skin condition causes pigs to walk gingerly. They arch their backs suddenly and then sink to the ground on their briskets.
b) Over a period of weeks the mare may gradually accept the foal.
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