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Arch Dis Child. 1982 January; 57(1): 75–76.
PMCID: PMC2863255

Gallbladder distension in septic neonates.


Eight cases of neonatal gallbladder distension are described. Group B streptococcal sepsis (5 infants) of suspected sepsis (3 infants) was present and probably played an aetiological role in the development of a distended gallbladder. Two infants required surgery because of persistent gallbladder enlargement and rising levels of bilirubin. Five responded to vigorous medical management and one died from sepsis and pneumonia. The need for conservative early management is stressed.

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Selected References

These references are in PubMed. This may not be the complete list of references from this article.
  • Scobie WG, Bentley JF. Hydrops of the gallbladder in a newborn infant. J Pediatr Surg. 1969 Aug;4(4):457–459. [PubMed]
  • Jamieson PN, Shaw DG. Empyema of gallbladder in an infant. Arch Dis Child. 1975 Jun;50(6):482–484. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Robinson AE, Erwin JH, Wiseman HJ, Kodroff MB. Cholecystitis and hydrops of the gallbladder in the newborn. Radiology. 1977 Mar;122(3):749–751. [PubMed]
  • Neu J, Arvin A, Ariagno RL. Hydrops of the gallbladder. Am J Dis Child. 1980 Sep;134(9):891–893. [PubMed]
  • Chamberlain JW, Hight DW. Acuthydrops of the gallbladder in childhood. Surgery. 1970 Nov;68(5):899–905. [PubMed]
  • Lucas CE, Walt AJ. Acute gengrenous acalculous cholecystitis in infancy: report of a case. Surgery. 1968 Oct;64(4):847–849. [PubMed]
  • Crystal RF, Fink RL. Acute acalculous cholecystitis in childhood. Clin Pediatr (Phila) 1971 Jul;10(7):423–426. [PubMed]

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