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Eight cases of neonatal gallbladder distension are described. Group B streptococcal sepsis (5 infants) of suspected sepsis (3 infants) was present and probably played an aetiological role in the development of a distended gallbladder. Two infants required surgery because of persistent gallbladder enlargement and rising levels of bilirubin. Five responded to vigorous medical management and one died from sepsis and pneumonia. The need for conservative early management is stressed.