This research was supported by Grant 5 MO1-RR00069, General Clinical Research Centers Program, National Center for Research Resources, NIH; N01-HD-3-3162 and by Grants U01AI068632 and U01 AI068616 from the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases; N01-HD-3-3345 and contract N01-HD-33162 (A.W.) from the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development; and by MedImmune LLC. The content is solely the responsibility of the authors and does not necessarily represent the official views of the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, or the National Institutes of Health. We thank Drs. Robert Walker and Maria Allende for their participation in this study and their critical review of this article.
IMPAACT/PACTG P1057 sites and contributors: Site 3701 Johns Hopkins University Hospital (Beth Griffin, RN; Nancy Hutton, MD; Mary Joyner, NP; Andrea Ruff, MD); 4701Duke University–Pediatric (Joan Wilson, RN; Mary Jo Hassett, RN; Carole Mathison; John Swetnam); 5006 Harlem Hospital (Elaine Abrams, MD; Maxine Frere, RN; LisaGaye Robinson, MD); 5012 NYU Medical Center/Bellevue (William Borkowsky, MD; Sandra Deygoo, BS; Siham Akleh, RN; Aditya Kaul, MD); 5018 University of South Florida Physicians Group (Jorge Lujan-Zilberman, MD; Patricia Emmanuel, MD; Carolyn Graisbery, RN; Carina Rodriguez, MD); 5024 Children's Hospital Kings and Daughters (Randall G. Fisher, MD; Kenji M. Cunnion, MD, MPH; Laura Sass, MD; Donna Sandifer, RN); 5026 Mount Sinai (Mary S. Dolan, RN; Roberto Posada, MD); 5038 Yale University School of Medicine (Warren A. Andiman, MD; Leslie Hurst, BS; Sostena Romano, APRN, MBA); 5040 SUNY Health Science Center (Denise Ferraro, RN; Michele Kelly, PNP; Margaret Oliver, LPN); 5051 University of Florida Health Science Center (Mobeen Rathore, MD; Nizar Maraqa, MD; Kathy Thomas, MA; Angela Lala, LPN); 5052 The Children's Hospital–University of Colorado (Mark Abzug MD; Emily Barr; Megan Canon; Josephine Greenquist); 5057 University of Rochester–Pediatric Component (Geoffrey A. Weinberg, MD; Francis Gigliotti, MD; Barbra Murante, RNC, PNP; Susan Laverty, RN); 5095 Tulane University (Margarita Silio, MD; Thomas Alchediak, MD; Cheryl Borne, RN; Sheila Bradford, RN); 6701 The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia IMPAACT CTU (Steven D. Douglas, MD; Richard M. Rutstein, MD; Carol A. Vincent, CRNP, MSN; Patricia C. Coburn, RN, BSN); 7301 University of Massachusetts Medical School (Katherine Luzuriaga, MD; Richard Moriarty, MD; William (Jerry) Durbin, MD; Donna Picard, RN); 60336 Baylor College of Medicine (Chivon D. McMullen-Jackson, RN, ADN; Theresa Aldape, LMSW; Mary E. Paul, MD; Heidi L. Schwarzwald, MD, MPH); 60422 St. Jude/Memphis (Gregory Storch, MD; Laura Pickering, RN; Katherine Knapp, MD; Jill Utech, RN); 60444 Family Clinical Trials Center (Mavis Dummitt, RN; Caroline Nubel; Stefan Hagmann, MD; Murli Purswani, MD); 2901 Boston Children's Hospital; 3601 UCLA Medical Center; 4001 Children's Hospital of Chicago; 4501 UCSF Medical Center; 4601 UCSD Medical Center; 5008 Children's Hospital at SUNY Downstate; 5013 Jacobi Medical Center; 5031 City Hospital at San Juan; 5041 Children's Hospital of Michigan; 5055 Children's Diagnostic & Treatment Center of South Florida; 5056 University of Florida at Gainesville; 6501 St. Jude Children's Research Hospital; 7701 University of Alabama, Birmingham; 60341 Columbia Collaborative–HIV/AIDS; 60349 University of Miami Pediatric Perinatal HIV/AIDS; 60358 N.J. Medical School.