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Logo of nihpaAbout Author manuscriptsSubmit a manuscriptHHS Public Access; Author Manuscript; Accepted for publication in peer reviewed journal;
N Engl J Med. Author manuscript; available in PMC 2010 April 21.
Published in final edited form as:
PMCID: PMC2857919

More on HIV-Associated Kaposi’s Sarcoma

Susan E. Krown, M.D., Jeannette Y. Lee, Ph.D., and Dirk P. Dittmer, Ph.D., for the AIDS Malignancy Consortium


The AIDS Malignancy Consortium, a multicenter cooperative group funded by the National Cancer Institute, has enrolled 442 patients who have human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection and measurable Kaposi’s sarcoma in a series of therapeutic trials since 1996 (Table 1).

Table 1
Characteristics of Patients with Kaposi’s Sarcoma Enrolled in AIDS Malignancy Consortium Trials, 1996–2007.

Our data suggest that persistent Kaposi’s sarcoma despite apparently effective antiretroviral therapy is not a rare, isolated, or recent phenomenon, as suggested by Maurer and colleagues in their letter to the editor (Sept. 27 issue).1 On the contrary, our findings indicate that since the introduction of effective antiretroviral therapy, many patients with AIDS-associated Kaposi’s sarcoma have CD4 counts above the level typically associated with susceptibility to opportunistic diseases. Furthermore, although effective HIV suppression has been correlated with regression of Kaposi’s sarcoma after antiretroviral therapy,2 a substantial proportion of our patients had undetectable HIV viral loads.

These findings raise important questions about the mechanisms that control the progression of human herpesvirus 8 and Kaposi’s sarcoma. They also suggest a need for studies to identify clinically relevant correlates that can distinguish between patients whose Kaposi’s sarcoma responds to antiretroviral therapy and those who do not have such a response. These factors may include age, duration of HIV infection, human herpesvirus 8 viral load, and patterns of viral gene expression within tumors.

Contributor Information

Susan E. Krown, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY 10065, gro.cksm@snwork.

Jeannette Y. Lee, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL 35294-3300.

Dirk P. Dittmer, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC 27599-7290.


1. Maurer T, Ponte M, Leslie K. HIV-associated Kaposi’s sarcoma with a high CD4 count and a low viral load. N Engl J Med. 2007;357:1352–1353. [PubMed]
2. Martinez V, Caumes E, Gambotti L, et al. Remission from Kaposi’s sarcoma on HAART is associated with suppression of HIV replication and is independent of protease inhibitor therapy. Br J Cancer. 2006;94:1000–1006. [PMC free article] [PubMed]