Answer the following questions by circling the letter of the correct answer(s). Answers can be found on page 372.
The benefits of exercise are:
physical (increased bone density, decreased lipid profiles, healthy body composition, improved posture, reduced injury occurrence).
psychological (improved self concept, mental discipline, acquisition of social skills, improved lifestyle attitudes).
evident in trends to improved school performance.
development of healthy lifelong exercise patterns.
Recommendations of the Committee on Sports Medicine of the American Academy of Pediatrics advise physicians which of the following:
in health supervision visits of children over 10 years of age, assess the frequency, type and duration of physical activities.
teach the importance of regular moderate to vigorous physical activity as a way to prevent ills in adult life.
encourage family-related activity.
serve as role models.
support physical education programs in community schools.
Closely supervised strength training programs increase dynamic and muscular strength
through neural adaptation of motor unit activation producing positive changes in motor skill coordination.
through muscle hypertrophy and muscle adaptation.
are safe for growing muscles, bones and growth plates.
can include weight lifting and body building at and after the Tanner stage 3 level of developmental maturity.
are aimed at preventing injuries.
In a survey conducted by the Ontario Ministry of Tourism and Recreation, which of the following was not true of the 18- to 29-year-old age group:
they were more active than older adults but not to the degree expected.
30% were inactive.
24% exercised once weekly which is of questionable benefit.
46% exercised two to four times weekly.
when tracked over four years, their level of physical activity increased by 25%.
Safe exercise prescriptions for children and adolescents
should address those who exercise and those who are progressively decreasing their daily activity level.
can, under supervision, integrate strength training at a suggested frequency of 2–3 times per week, with at least one rest day between workouts, into a full fitness regimen of aerobic exercise and flexibility.
can be adapted to the child with asthma, obesity and special developmental needs through consideration of intensity, progression and choice of equipment.
can improve socialization, school performance, and sport.
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