PMCCPMCCPMCC

Search tips
Search criteria 

Advanced

 
Logo of pchealthLink to Publisher's site
 
Paediatr Child Health. 1998 May-Jun; 3(3): 180.
PMCID: PMC2851325

Retinopathy of prematurity

Answer the following questions by circling the letter of the correct answer. Answers can be found on page 207.

  1. Which one of the following statements about retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) is not correct:
    1. ROP was rarely seen before the 1960s.
    2. ROP is an important cause of blindness in children.
    3. ROP is associated with the use of oxygen supplementation.
    4. Use of transcutaneous oxygen monitoring has led to a reduction in the number of cases of ROP.
    5. ROP is uncommonly seen in infants born with birth weight more than 1500 g or born at more than 30 weeks’ gestation.
  2. Which one of the following statements about screening for ROP is correct:
    1. Most pediatricians are able to easily detect ROP.
    2. Premature infants born at less than 30 weeks’ gestation should be seen by an experienced ophthalmologist in the first two weeks of life.
    3. Premature infants born at less than 30 weeks’ gestation should be seen by an experienced ophthalmologist by four to six weeks of life.
    4. If a premature infant does not show any clinical evidence of ROP by six weeks of life, there is no need for further screening.
    5. Screening for ROP is not cost effective because there is little that can be done for infants with ROP.
  3. ROP is seen in infants born less than 30 weeks’ gestation or less than 1500 g birth weight. Which one of the following is also not an independent, statistically significant association:
    1. male sex
    2. early intubation
    3. hypotension
    4. persistent patent ductus arteriosus
    5. necrotizing enterocolitis
  4. Regarding the treatment for ROP, which one of the following statements is correct:
    1. Ablative therapy with cryotherapy is commonly used to treat ROP.
    2. Most of the evidence for ablative therapy with cryotherapy is anecdotal.
    3. Laser photocoagulation has not been as effective as cryotherapy.
    4. Many cases of ROP regress spontaneously and do not require treatment.
    5. Vitamin C has been found effective in treating ROP.
  5. Which one of the following statements is correct about infants at risk for ROP and their follow-up:
    1. ROP never occurs before four weeks of age.
    2. If the initial ophthalmoscopical examination of infants ‘at risk’ for ROP at six weeks is normal, there is no need for further follow-up.
    3. Children with less severe ROP have intact visual acuity and rarely any other eye complications.
    4. Children at risk for ROP should be followed by a specialist in retinopathies for up to four years of age.
    5. If an infant with ROP does not have any defect in visual acuity, there will be no other complications such as strabismus, myopia or refractive errors.

Articles from Paediatrics & Child Health are provided here courtesy of Pulsus Group