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West J Emerg Med. 2010 February; 11(1): 105.
PMCID: PMC2850838

Time Course Resolution of Hydronephrosis with Spontaneous Ureteral Stone Passage

A previously healthy 25-year-old man presented to a community emergency department (ED) with two hours of sharp, intermittent, right-sided flank pain associated with hematuria. Vital signs showed no fever or tachycardia. Abdominal and genitourinary exam were benign.

The patient was given analgesia while blood and urine samples were collected. Non-contrast computed tomography (CT) was ordered to evaluate suspected renal colic. The physician then performed bedside ultrasound (US) to evaluate for evidence of urinary obstruction. Multiple transverse views of the right kidney were obtained with the patient supine, using a Zonare z one system (Mountain View, CA) and a 4 MHz convex transducer. US findings were significant for moderate hydronephrosis (Figure 1). During US exam the patient felt instantaneous relief of his pain, which he described as a “pop.” Repeat US of the right kidney, 2.5 minutes following the first exam showed significant resolution of the previously imaged hydronephrosis (Figure 2).

Figure 1.
Central anechoic area consistent with moderate hydronephrosis of right kidney.
Figure 2.
Mild hydronephrosis after presumed passage of obstructing ureteral calculus.

CT results confirmed moderate right-sided hydronephrosis and a small obstructing calculus at the ureterovesical junction. Serum analysis showed normal renal function, and urine microscopy was significant for gross hematuria without pyuria. The patient remained pain free during a period of ED observation and was ultimately discharged.

Hydronephrosis can occur because of intraluminal, extramural, or functional urinary tract obstruction. These images are a first report of the rapid resolution time course of sonographic hydronephrosis in presumed ureteral stone passage. A literature review found that the time course of the resolution of hydronephrosis due to sudden relief of intraluminal obstruction in humans has not been demonstrated. The rapid resolution of hydronephrosis in this case is likely associated with the acute nature of the obstruction and the lack of any chronic underlying renal pathology in the patient.

Footnotes

Supervising Section Editor: Sean Henderson, MD

Reprints available through open access at http://escholarship.org/uc/uciem_westjem


Articles from Western Journal of Emergency Medicine are provided here courtesy of The University of California, Irvine