Deaths are rising fastest among the oldest old but data on their transitions in place of care at the end of life are scarce.
To examine the place of residence or care of ≥85 year-olds less than a year before death, and their place of death, and to map individual changes between the two.
Design of study
Population-based cohort study.
Cambridge City over-75s Cohort (CC75C) study, UK.
Retrospective analysis of prospective data from males and females aged ≥85 years at death who died within a year of taking part in any CC75C survey (n = 320); death certificate linkage.
Only 7% changed their address in their last year of life, yet 52% died somewhere other than their usual address at the time of death. Over two-thirds were living in the community when interviewed <1 year before death, but less than one-third who had lived at home died there (less than one-fifth in sheltered housing). Care homes were the usual address of most people dying there (77% in residential homes, 87% in nursing homes) but 15% of deaths in acute hospital came from care homes.
More than half the study sample of individuals of advanced old age had a change in their place of residence or care in their last year of life. These findings add weight to calls for improved end-of-life care in all settings, regardless of age, to avoid unnecessary transfers. The study data provide a baseline that can help plan and monitor initiatives to promote choice in location of care at the end of life for the very old.
Keywords: aged, aged 80 or over, aging in place, frail elderly, terminal care