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Logo of brjgenpracRCGP homepageJ R Coll Gen Pract at PubMed CentralBJGP at RCGPBJGP at RCGP
Br J Gen Pract. 2010 April 1; 60(573): 245–250.
PMCID: PMC2845487

Working towards a ‘fit note’: an experimental vignette survey of GPs

Anna Sallis, BSc, MSc, Health Psychologist in Training and Richard Birkin, CPsychol (Occupational), Registered Psychologist
Occupational and Health Psychology Services, Health, Work and Wellbeing Directorate, Department for Work and Pensions, London
Fehmidah Munir, PhD, CPsychol (Health), Senior Lecturer in Psychology



The Department for Work and Pensions (DWP) has designed a trial medical statement.


To compare fitness for work assessment outcomes and written advice across current and trial medical statements. To examine the use of and suggestions to improve the trial medical statement.

Design of study

Comparative study with a two-way mixed design using questionnaire-based vignettes presenting GPs with three hypothetical sick leave cases (back pain, depression, combined back pain and depression) and medical statements (current or trial). The questionnaire also gathered GP views of using the trial Med 3.


Nine primary care organisations (PCOs) in England, Scotland, and Wales.


Five hundred and eighty-three GPs employed in PCOs in summer 2008 were randomised to receive a current or trial Med 3 postal questionnaire. GPs assessed vignette patients' fitness for work using the questionnaire medical statements.


GPs using the trial Med 3 were less likely to advise refraining from work and more likely to provide written fitness for work advice compared to GPs using the current Med 3 form. Date sections of the trial Med 3 were used inconsistently, and a return to work date was unclear. GPs wanted further clarification of the implications of assessing a case as ‘fit for some work’ and its relationship to employers' willingness to follow GP advice about work.


The study indicates a revised form may reduce the number of patients advised to refrain from work and increase the provision of written fitness for work information.

Keywords: back pain, depression, family, employment, physicians, sick leave

Articles from The British Journal of General Practice are provided here courtesy of Royal College of General Practitioners