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From:
Published online 2009 August 10. doi: 10.1093/alcalc/agp042

Table 4

Mediation by alcohol consumption on neighborhood alcohol outlet density and self-reported morbidity (N = 2881)

Adjusted odds ratio (95% CI)
STILiver problemsExperienced violence
Model 1
Off-premise outlet density in 1.0 mile radius from home1.80 (1.1–3.0)1.33 (1.02–1.75)1.31 (1.13–1.51)
Model 2
Off-premise outlet density in 1.0 mile radius from home1.78 (1.06–2.97)1.27 (0.96–1.67)1.03 (1.02–1.04)
Drinking days per year (0–365)0.99 (0.80–1.22)0.86 (0.79–0.95)1.06 (1.01–1.11)
Model 3
Off-premise outlet density in 1.0 mile radius from home1.78 (1.07–2.96)1.33 (1.01–1.75)1.03 (1.01–1.04)
Drinks per day on days drink1.09 (0.82–1.44)0.91 (0.80–1.04)1.15 (1.07–1.22)
Model 4
Off-premise outlet density in 1.0 mile radius from home1.02 (1.00, 1.04)§1.01 (1.00, 1.03)§1.02 (1.01, 1.04)
Estimated daily consumption, last 90 days0.94 (0.34, 2.56)0.59 (0.23, 1.53)0.99 (0.81, 1.20)
Model 5
Off-premise outlet density in 1.0 mile radius from home1.02 (1.01, 1.04)§1.02 (1.00, 1.03)§1.02 (1.01, 1.03)
Estimated daily consumption, last year0.99 (0.81, 1.20)1.85 (0.52, 6.59)4.23 (1.26, 14.22)§
Model 6
Off-premise outlet density in 1.0 mile radius from home1.78 (1.07–2.97)1.33 (1.02–1.75)1.03 (1.01–1.04)
HED at least one day in the last month1.02 (0.34–3.06)0.93 (0.59–1.46)1.42 (1.12–1.80)

P-value: <0.0001; <0.01; § <0.05 based on adjusted multi-level logistic regression models, adjusted for study location, age, sex, race, ethnicity, education and income.