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From:
Published online 2009 August 10. doi: 10.1093/alcalc/agp042

Table 2

Characteristics of participants and crude association between participant characteristics and self-reported morbidity (N = 2881)

Crude odds ratio (95% CI)
Motor vehicleExperienced
STIaccidentcInjuryLiver problemsHypertensionviolence
Study locationa
 State of LA1.29 (0.6–2.9)1.09(0.8–1.4)1.11 (0.9–1.4)0.83 (0.6–1.2)1.54 (1.26–1.88)1.02 (0.8–1.3)
 LA county1.001.001.001.001.001.00
Sexa
 Male0.99 (0.4–2.3)0.95 (0.7–1.3)1.25 (0.99–1.6)1.35 (0.96–1.9)0.84 (0.7–1.02)1.02 (0.8–1.3)
 Female1.001.001.001.001.001.00
Age (years)0.98 (0.9–1.0)0.98 (0.97–0.99)0.99 (0.98–0.99)1.03 (1.02–1.05)1.07 (1.06–1.08)0.98 (0.97–0.99)
Racea
 White1.001.001.001.001.001.00
 Black1.18 (0.41, 3.43)1.14 (0.77, 1.71)1.56 (1.1, 2.2)1.06 (0.62, 1.79)2.56 (1.94, 3.38)1.19 (0.89, 1.59)
 Other0.81 (0.29, 2.23)1.15 (0.80, 1.63)1.22 (0.89, 1.68)1.33 (0.84, 2.09)1.37 (1.05, 1.8)0.81 (0.62, 1.06)
Hispanic ethnicity (yes)1.31 (0.5–3.2)0.83 (0.6–1.2)0.68 (0.5–0.9)1.27 (0.86–1.9)0.54 (0.42–0.69)1.15 (0.9–1.5)
Married (yes)0.53 (0.2–1.2)0.68 (0.50–0.90)0.64 (0.5–0.8)0.77 (0.55–1.1)0.83 (0.77–0.99)0.66 (0.54–0.81)
Education, 0 = never attended school to 5 = college graduatea0.76 (0.60–0.90)1.11 (0.98–1.3)0.95 (0.87–1.05)0.74 (0.65–0.85)0.94 (0.9–1.02)0.97 (0.9–1.05)
Employed full-time, legally (yes)0.56 (0.3–1.2)1.24 (0.9–1.7)0.73 (0.58–0.92)0.41 (0.29–0.59)0.57 (0.48–0.69)0.93 (0.8–1.13)
Annual income
 <$20 00012.71 (0.83, 94.04)b0.82 (0.56, 1.22)1.33 (0.95, 1.85)2.04 (1.24, 3.34)1.37 (1.04, 1.80)1.77 (1.31, 2.41)
 $20 000–$34 9995.52 (0.39, 76.63)b0.90 (0.58, 1.40)0.93 (0.62, 1.38)1.06 (0.57, 1.96)1.29 (0.95, 1.75)1.36 (097, 1.91)
 $35 000–$74 9995.60 (0.40, 79.64)b1.04 (0.71, 1.54)1.05 (0.74, 1.50)0.90 (0.50, 1.61)1.06 (0.80, 1.42)1.17 (0.85, 1.61)
 ≥$75 0001.001.001.001.001.001.00
Years lived in neighborhood0.96 (0.9–1.0)1.00 (0.98–1.0)0.98 (0.97–0.99)1.00 (0.99–1.02)1.03 (1.02–1.04)0.99 (0.98–1.00)
Distance to nearest off-premise alcohol outlet (miles)0.81 (0.3–1.8)1.05 (0.96–1.1)1.05 (0.97–1.1)0.89 (0.7–1.2)1.05 (0.97–1.1)0.88 (0.8–1.02)
Individual off-premise outlet density in 1.0 mile radius1.08 (1.01–1.2)0.86 (0.7–1.0)1.04 (0.9–1.2)1.30 (1.1–1.5)0.92 (0.8–1.04)1.44 (1.25–1.65)
Drinking days per year (0–365)1.05 (0.9–1.3)1.07 (1.01–1.1)1.02 (0.97–1.1)0.86 (0.8–0.94)0.89 (0.85–0.94)1.05 (1.01–1.10)
Drinks per day on days drink1.19 (0.9–1.5)1.06 (0.97–1.2)1.09 (1.01–1.2)0.91 (0.8–1.04)0.83 (0.77–0.89)1.15 (1.07–1.22)
Average daily consumption in the last 90 days0.93 (0.3–2.5)1.0 (0.9–1.7)4.26 (1.4–13.3)0.6 (0.2–1.5)0.85 (0.7, 0.98)3.39 (1.2–9.8)
Average daily consumption in the last year1.70 (0.1–3.2)1.6 (0.7–2.1)1.05 (0.9–1.3)1.9 (0.6–6.9)0.26 (0.04–1.6)0.96 (0.8–1.2)
Heavy episodic drinking (HED) in the last month (yes)1.15 (0.4–3.1)1.31 (0.94–1.8)1.50 (1.14–1.98)0.93 (0.6–1.5)0.55 (0.42–0.72)1.43 (1.13–1.81)
Level of visible alcohol use in the neighborhood1.45 (1.1–1.9)1.11 (1.01–1.2)1.15 (1.07–1.24)1.20 (1.07–1.34)0.97 (0.9–1.03)1.62 (1.52–1.73)
Sexual risk behavior (range = 0–4)1.62 (1.1–1.4)1.09 (0.9, 1.2)1.10 (0.98, 1.24)0.99 (0.84, 1.17)0.70 (0.64, 0.77)1.15 (1.05, 1.26)

P-value: < 0.01; < 0.05 based on crude multi-level logistic regression models accounting for spatial autocorrelation.

aComparisons made for: state of LA versus LA county; males versus females; race listed versus White race; lowest versus highest education level.

bExact logistic regression used for STI–income association given the extremely small cell sizes.

cControlling for car ownership.