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c) Panosteitis causes shifting-leg lameness and long-bone pain in young growing dogs.
d) Conscious proprioception is a neurologic assessment; it would not be helpful to further assess possible causes of anemia. Fecal examination is appropriate to assess for blood-sucking parasites. Splenic palpation is appropriate to detect splenomegaly, which may be associated with immune-mediated erythrocyte destruction, hemoparasites, or splenic neoplasia leading to possible intraabdominal bleeding. Mucous membrane inspection may reveal petechial hemorrhage, which could be associated with thrombocytopenia and internal bleeding. Urinalysis may reveal hemoglobinuris, which could be associated with intravascular hemolysis.
c) It takes approximately 6 months after infection for micro-filariae to appear in the blood.
d) Demodicosis is more common in purebred dogs.
c) Cerebellar abiotrophy is a genetic disease of the Arabian breed. It causes intentional tremors and a hypermetric gait.
a) Though all these organisms can cause bovine ocular lesions, Moraxella bovis is considered to be the cause of infectious bovine keratoconjunctivitis.
b) The rumen pH in animals with subclinical rumen acidosis usually is 5.0 to 5.5.
c) The abomasum is a common site for lymphosarcoma in adult dairy cows. Bleeding ulcers are commonly present on the surface of the tumor.
b) The only reliable indicator of a functional ovarian remnant is an elevated serum progesterone level. It is too late for an elevated serum estradiol level. Spayed bitches with hyperadrenocorticism do not cycle. Answer d would not be present. Ultrasonography is totally unreliable in this circumstance.
d) IgA is the secretory antibody found on mucosal surfaces.
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