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AAPS PharmSciTech. 2004 March; 5(1): 159.
Published online 2009 November 27. doi:  10.1208/pt050124
PMCID: PMC2784855

Solubilizing poorly soluble antimy cotic agents by emulsification via a solvenent-free process

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to formulate itraconazole and ketoconazole as oil/water emulsions for parenteral delivery by using a solvent-free homogenization process, namely SolEmuls (solubilization by emulsification) technology. The drugs were incorporated in the commercial emulsion Lipofundin MCT 20%, composed of a medium-chain triglyceride/long-chain triglyceride (MCT/LCT) oil phase (1[ratio]1) and stabilized with 1.2% lecithin. Different parameters such as drug-loading capacity, long-term physical stability, and completeness of drug dissolution were investigated. Up to 10.0 mg/mL complete drug dissolution was achieved with itraconazole; at 20 mg/mL hybrid dispersion was obtained. Itraconazole-loaded emulsions were physically stable for 9 months (data up to now). Ketoconazole showed physical instability in the Lipofundin emulsion, which was stabilized with only 1.2% lecithin. Stabilization of ketoconazole-loaded emulsions was achieved using additionally Tween 80 as steric stabilizer. Higher concentrations of ketoconazole (ie, 10.0 mg/mL concentrated ketoconazole emulsions) were also produced with additional 2.0% Tween 80. Ketoconazole-loaded emulsions, 1 mg/mL, which were stabilized with 2.0% Tween 80, were stable for a period of 6 months. It can be concluded, after formulating amphotericin B and carbamazepine with SolEmuls technology, that SolEmuls was also applicable to the antimycotic agents itraconazole and ketoconazole, yielding IV-applicable emulsions with cost-effective production technologies.

Keywords: nanoemulsions, itraconazole, ketoconazole, stability, high-pressure homogenization

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Selected References

These references are in PubMed. This may not be the complete list of references from this article.
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