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AAPS PharmSciTech. 2004 March; 5(1): 109.
Published online 2009 November 27. doi:  10.1208/pt050115
PMCID: PMC2784848

Solid-state and mechanical properties of aqueous chitosan-amylose starch films plasticized with polyols


The film-forming ability of chitosan and binary mixtures of chitosan and native amylose corn starch (Hylon VII) was evaluated with free films prepared by a casting/solvent evaporation method. Unplasticized and plasticized free chitosan films in aqueous acetic acid and respective films containing a mixture of chitosan and native amylose starch in acetic acid were prepared. Glycerol, sorbitol, and i-erythritol were used as plasticizers. Solid-state and mechanical properties of the films were studied by powder x-ray diffractometry (XPRD), differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), and a materials testing machine. The films composed of a mixture of chitosan and native amylose starch in acetic acid were clear and colorless. A plasticizer concentration of 20% wt/wt (of the polymer weight) ws sufficient to obtain flexible films with all samples tested. X-ray diffraction patterns and DSC thermograms indicated an amorphous state of the films independent of the type of plasticizer used. In conclusion, incorporation of native amylose com starch into chitosan films improves the consistency and the mechanical properties of the films.

Key words: chitosan, amylose corn starch, erythritol, free films, plasticizer

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Selected References

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