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Logo of nihpaAbout Author manuscriptsSubmit a manuscriptHHS Public Access; Author Manuscript; Accepted for publication in peer reviewed journal;
 
From:
Soc Sci Med. Author manuscript; available in PMC 2010 November 1.
Published in final edited form as:
Soc Sci Med. 2009 November; 69(10): 1439–1448.
Published online 2009 September 19. doi: 10.1016/j.socscimed.2009.08.040

Table 1

Results from hierarchical age-period-cohort models of obesity for U.S. adults and groups defined by race and gender, NHIS 1976-2002

Fixed EffectsU.S. Adults
Non-Black Females
Black Females
Non-Black Males
Black Males
    Intercept, π0−1.9876 ***−2.0675 ***−1.2201 ***−2.0942 ***−1.9294 ***
    Age, π10.0588 ***0.0613 ***0.0752 ***0.0560 ***0.0640 ***
    Age2, π2−0.0010 ***−0.0009 ***−0.0012 ***−0.0010 ***−0.0013 ***
Random Effects
Period Effects, σt00.1363 ***0.1280 ***0.1034 ***0.1687 ***0.1007 ***
        1976−0.5243 ***−0.4960 ***−0.3386 ***−0.6108 ***−0.4900 ***
        1977−0.4740 ***−0.4269 ***−0.3479 ***−0.5751 ***−0.3784 **
        1978−0.4430 ***−0.4435 ***−0.3360 ***−0.4834 ***−0.3135 ***
        1979−0.4228 ***−0.3996 ***−0.3919 ***−0.4595 ***−0.3913 ***
        1980−0.3767 ***−0.3557 ***−0.2912 ***−0.4408 ***−0.2226 **
        1981−0.3618 ***−0.3455 ***−0.3228 ***−0.3982 ***−0.3096 ***
        1982−0.3492 ***−0.3242 ***−0.2732 ***−0.4070 ***−0.3233 ***
        1983−0.3143 ***−0.3150 ***−0.2260 **−0.3489 ***−0.2394 **
        1984−0.2747 ***−0.2639 ***−0.2557 ***−0.2989 ***−0.2579 **
        1985−0.2143 **−0.2008 **−0.2514 ***−0.2266 **−0.2273 **
        1986−0.1685 *−0.1856 **−0.1817 *−0.1521−0.1545
        1987−0.1346−0.1440 *−0.1591 *−0.1232−0.1410
        1988−0.1174−0.1213−0.1636 *−0.1086−0.1227
        1989−0.0544−0.0715−0.1189−0.0215−0.0797
        1990−0.0390−0.0431−0.0967−0.03690.0424
        19910.02920.02620.02530.0367−0.0418
        19920.09920.07500.07920.11990.1652
        19930.1720 *0.1652 *0.2298 **0.1698 *0.1370
        19940.2118 **0.1945 **0.1657 *0.2357 **0.2445 **
        19950.2559 ***0.2493 ***0.1929 **0.2877 ***0.1964 **
        19960.2989 ***0.2651 ***0.2472 ***0.3485 ***0.3217 ***
        19970.4103 ***0.4154 ***0.3437 ***0.4361 ***0.3476 ***
        19980.4625 ***0.4672 ***0.3600 ***0.4883 ***0.4752 ***
        19990.5291 ***0.5282 ***0.3636 ***0.6015 ***0.3316 ***
        20000.5549 ***0.5659 ***0.5256 ***0.5884 ***0.3728 ***
        20010.6053 ***0.6044 ***0.5703 ***0.6481 ***0.4793 ***
        20020.6400 ***0.5803 ***0.6513 ***0.7307 ***0.5791 ***
Cohort Effects, σk00.0096 **0.0157 **0.0311 *0.0019 *0.0295 *
        18900.1127 *0.05790.05810.02840.1038
        19000.0855 *0.07230.0691−0.00180.0691
        19050.04010.04530.0609−0.0064−0.0278
        19100.02030.04260.0329−0.02710.0855
        1915−0.02840.00030.0165−0.04020.0142
        1920−0.0470−0.0326−0.0679−0.0044−0.0206
        1925−0.0523 *−0.0737 *−0.02280.0242−0.0404
        1930−0.0489−0.0804 *−0.07070.0342 *0.0140
        1935−0.0665 **−0.1106 ***−0.09980.0397 *−0.1422 *
        1940−0.0833 ***−0.1339 ***−0.1455 **0.0301−0.1790 **
        1945−0.0934 ***−0.1235 ***−0.2056 ***0.0086−0.2256 ***
        1950−0.1013 ***−0.1024 **−0.2250 ***−0.0437 **−0.1837 ***
        1955−0.1222 ***−0.1310 ***−0.2297 ***−0.0617 ***−0.2382 ***
        1960−0.0992 ***−0.1087 **−0.0953−0.0895 ***−0.0250
        19650.03860.03800.08880.01700.1029
        19700.1381 ***0.2055 ***0.2030 **0.01640.3332 ***
        19750.1784 ***0.2496 ***0.4064 ***0.04310.1331
        19800.1288 **0.1851 **0.2267 *0.03290.2267 *

Notes: σt0 and σk0 refer to the variance of random effects for period and cohort, respectively.

Standard errors for parameter estimates are omitted in the interest of space.

*p < 0.05
**p < 0.01
***p < 0.001