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Logo of bmcmeduBioMed Centralsearchsubmit a manuscriptregisterthis articleBMC Medical Education
 
BMC Med Educ. 2009; 9: 68.
Published online Nov 16, 2009. doi:  10.1186/1472-6920-9-68
PMCID: PMC2780986
Experiences, attitudes and barriers towards research amongst junior faculty of Pakistani medical universities
Saniya Sabzwari,1 Samreen Kauser,1 and Ali Khan Khuwajacorresponding author2
1Department of Family Medicine, Aga Khan University, Karachi, Pakistan
2Department of Community Health Sciences, Aga Khan University, Karachi, Pakistan
corresponding authorCorresponding author.
Saniya Sabzwari: saniya.sabzwari/at/aku.edu; Samreen Kauser: samreen.kauser/at/aku.edu; Ali Khan Khuwaja: ali.khuwaja/at/aku.edu
Received January 13, 2009; Accepted November 16, 2009.
Abstract
Background
The developing world has had limited quality research and in Pakistan, research is still in its infancy. We conducted a study to assess the proportion of junior faculty involved in research to highlight their attitude towards research, and identify the factors associated with their research involvement.
Methods
A cross-sectional study was conducted in four medical universities/teaching hospitals in Pakistan, representing private and public sectors. A pre-tested, self-administered questionnaire was used to collect information from 176 junior faculty members of studied universities/hospitals. Logistic regression analysis was used to identify factors related to attitudes and barriers in research among those currently involved in research with those who were not.
Results
Overall, 41.5% of study subjects were currently involved in research. A highly significant factor associated with current research involvement was research training during the post-graduate period (p < 0.001). Other factors associated with current involvement in research were male gender, working in the public sector and previous involvement in research. Overall, a large majority (85.2%) of doctors considered research helpful in their profession and had a positive attitude towards research; nevertheless this positive attitude was more frequently reported by doctors who were currently involved in research compared to those who were not (OR = 4.69; 95% CI = 1.54-14.26). Similarly, a large proportion (83.5%) of doctors considered research difficult to conduct; higher by doctors who were not presently involved in research (OR = 2.74; 95% CI = 1.20-6.22)
Conclusion
Less than half of the study participants were currently involved in research. Research output may improve if identified barriers are rectified. Further studies are recommended in this area.
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