This study provides much needed information about support for CIA laws among young adults. Few studies have examined support among this age group, and most have been limited to college students (8
). Support among this population-based cohort in Minnesota was higher than reported in previous nationwide studies. We found 66% of young adults supported restaurant CIA laws, higher than the 51% reported from a 2002 nationwide sample of 18–24 year olds; support for bar/club CIA laws was also higher (40% vs. 25%)(3
). Findings suggest that support for restaurant and bar/club CIA laws may be increasing among young adults.
Similar to previous studies (3
), support was higher for restaurant CIA laws compared to bar/club laws. Support also varied by demographic and personal characteristics. Further, support (for both laws) was higher among young adults living with existing laws, compared to those living without such laws. Importantly, these findings reflect support prior to Minnesota’s statewide CIA ordinance; support has been shown to increase after enactment (10
This study has several limitations. First, this sample may not be representative of the young adult population in Minnesota. However, a large and diverse sample of young adults was drawn from a population-based cohort that likely provides a more accurate assessment than would have been obtained from a convenience sample. This is a cross-sectional study, so change over time was not assessed. Although this sample matches Minnesota demographics, it may not generalize to other areas in the U.S. Finally, the outcome variables were assessed with single item measures, which may not fully reflect attitudes towards CIA laws.
CIA laws are key to tobacco prevention, and these data suggest that support for CIA laws may be increasing among young adults. Furthermore, a greater proportion of young adults living with CIA laws support those laws, suggesting that they are satisfied with the laws when they are enacted.