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Clin Biochem Rev. 2009 August; 30(3): 92.
PMCID: PMC2755005

List of Abbreviations

The Full Text of this article is available as a PDF (68K).

Glossary

A1AT
alpha-1 antitrypsin
AL
primary amyloidosis
APB
abnormal protein bands
ASCT
autologous stem cell transplantation
BJP
Bence Jones protein
BM
bone marrow
BNP
brain natriuretic peptide (also as NT-proBNP)
CE
capillary electrophoresis
CL
constant domain of the light chains; also as Cκ and Cλ
CR
complete response
CRAB
Calcium elevation, Renal dysfunction, Anaemia, Bone disease
Da
Dalton, the atomic mass unit, approximately the mass of a hydrogen atom
EFS
event-free survival
ELISA
enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay
EP
electrophoresis (e.g. zone EP)
Fab
portion of the antibody that binds antigen
Fc
portion of the antibody that binds cell surface receptors and some complement proteins
FLC
free light chains
IEF
isoelectric focusing
IFE
immunofixation electrophoresis
IIMM
intact immunoglobulin myeloma
INA
immunonephelometric assay
ITA
immunoturbidimetric assay
LCDD
light chain deposition disease
LoD
limit of detection
M
monoclonal (e.g. M-protein, also called paraprotein)
MB
monoclonal band
MGUS
M-gammopathy of undetermined significance
MM
multiple myeloma
MW
molecular weight
NFkB
nuclear factor kappa-light-chain-enhancer of activated B cells
NSMM
non-secretory multiple myeloma
OB
oligoclonal band
OS
overall survival
PCD
plasma cell disorder/dyscrasia
PCPD
plasma cell proliferative disorder
PD
progressive disease
pI
the isoelectric pH; the pH at which the species carries no net charge
pK
-logKa, the acid dissociation constant; a pH of maximum buffering
POEMS
polyneuropathy, organomegaly, endocrinopathy, M-gammopathy and skin changes
PR
partial response
PVDF
polyvinylidene fluoride
sCR
stringent CR
SMM
smouldering multiple myeloma
SPEP
serum protein electrophoresis
UPEP
urine protein electrophoresis
vgPR
very good partial response
VL
variable domain of the light chains; also as Vκ and Vλ
WM
Waldenström’s macroglobulinaemia

Articles from The Clinical Biochemist Reviews are provided here courtesy of The Australian Association of Clinical Biochemists