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The objective of this study was to improve the mechanical properties of superporous hydrogels (SPHs), which were used to develop gastric retention devices for long-term oral drug delivery. The main approach used in this study was to form an interpenetrating polymer network by incorporating a second polymer network inside an SPH structure. Polyacrylonitrile was used as the second network inside an SPH. Mechanical properties including compression strength and elasticity were significantly improved, up to 50 times as compared with the control SPHs. The enhanced mechanical properties were a result of the scaffold-like fiber network structures formed inside the cell walls of SPHs. The fast swelling property of SPHs was not affected by the incorporation of the second polymer network because the interconnected pore structures were maintained. Gastric retention devices based on superporous IPN hydrogels (SPIHs) with the improved mechanical properties are expected to withstand compression pressure and mechanical frictions in the stomach better than the control SPHs.