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AAPS PharmSciTech. 2007 September; 8(3): E13–E19.
Published online 2007 July 13. doi:  10.1208/pt0803053
PMCID: PMC2750549

Formulation and optimization of porous osmotic pump-based controlled release system of oxybutynin


The aim of the current study was to design a porous osmotic pump-based drug delivery system for controlled release of oxybutynin. The porous osmotic pump contains pore-forming water-soluble additives in the coating membrane, which after coming in contact with water, dissolve, resulting in an in situ formation of a microporous structure. The dosage regimen of oxybutynin is one 5-mg tablet 2 to 3 times a day. The plasma half-life ranges from ~2 to 3 hours. Hence, oxybutynin was chosen as a model drug with an aim to develop a controlled release system for a period of 24 hours. Linear and reproducible release similar to that of Ditropan XL was achieved for optimized formulation (f2>50) independent of hydrodynamic conditions. The effect of different formulation variables, namely, ratio of drug to osmogent, membrane weight gain, and level of pore former on the in vitro release was studied. Cellulose acetate (CA) was used as the semipermeable membrane. It was found that drug release rate increased with the amount of osmogent because of the increased water uptake, and hence increased driving force for drug release. Oxybutynin release was inversely proportional to the membrane weight gain; however, directly related to the level of pore former, sorbitol, in the membrane. This system was found to deliver oxybutynin at a zero-order rate for 20 hours. The effect of pH on drug release was also studied. The optimized formulations were subjected to stability studies as per International Conference on Harmonisation (ICH) guidelines and formulations were stable after a 3 month study.

Keywords: Osmotic system, oxybutynin, osmogent, cellulose acetate, pore former

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Selected References

These references are in PubMed. This may not be the complete list of references from this article.
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