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AAPS PharmSciTech. 2005 June; 6(2): E273–E283.
Published online 2005 October 6. doi:  10.1208/pt060238
PMCID: PMC2750541

Process analytical technology case study: Part II. Development and validation of quantitative near-infrared calibrations in support of a process analytical technology application for real-time release


This article is the second of a series of articles detailing the development of near-infrared (NIR) methods for solid dosage-form analysis. Experiments were conducted at the Duquesne University Center for Pharmaceutical Technology to demonstrate a method for developing and validating NIR models for the analysis of active pharmaceutical ingredient (API) content and hardness of a solid dosage form. Robustness and cross-validation testing were used to optimize the API content and hardness models. For the API content calibration, the optimal model was determined as multiplicative scatter correction with Savitsky-Golay first-derivative preprocessing followed by partial least-squares (PLS) regression including 4 latent variables. API content calibration achieved root mean squared error (RMSE) and root mean square error of cross validation (RMSECV) of 1.48 and 1.80 mg, respectively. PLS regression and baseline-fit calibration models were compared for the prediction of tablet hardness. Based on robustness testing, PLS regression was selected for the final hardness model, with RMSE and RMSECV of 8.1 and 8.8 N, respectively. Validation testing indicated that API content and hardness of production-scale tablets is predicted with root mean square error of prediction of 1.04 mg and 8.5 N, respectively. Explicit robustness testing for high-flux noise and wavelength uncertainty demonstrated the robustness of the API concentration calibration model with respect to normal instrument operating conditions.

Keywords: PAT, process analytical technology, near-infrared spectroscopy, chemometrics, pharmaceutical analysis

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Selected References

These references are in PubMed. This may not be the complete list of references from this article.
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