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AAPS PharmSciTech. 2006 September; 7(3): E47–E53.
Published online 2006 July 28. doi:  10.1208/pt070362
PMCID: PMC2750504

Removal of peroxides in polyethylene glycols by vacuum drying: Implications in the stability of biotech and pharmaceutical formulations


The purpose of this study was to investigate the utility of vacuum drying for removing peroxides from polyethylene glycols (PEGs). PEG solutions (PEG 1450 and PEG 20000) containing varying levels of peroxides were prepared by storing under different light and temperature conditions. PEGs containing low and high levels of peroxides were vacuum dried from dilute and concentrated solutions (2.5%, 7.5%, 15%, and 50% wt/vol of PEG 1450 and 2.5%, 7.5%, 15%, and 25% wt/vol of PEG 20000). Ferrous ion oxidation in presence of ferric ion indicator xylenol orange (FOX) colorimetric assay was used to determine the concentration of peroxides. Peroxide content in PEGs increased upon storage. The increase was more pronounced when PEGs were stored at higher temperatures and exposed to light. Vacuum drying at 0.1 mm Hg for 48 hours at 25°C resulted in greater than 90% decrease in the level of peroxides in all cases except when high peroxide containing 25% wt/vol solution of PEG 20000 or 50% wt/vol solution of PEG 1450 were dried. The reduction in the level of peroxides for PEGs dried from high peroxide containing 25% wt/vol solution of PEG 2000 and 50% wt/vol solution of PEG 1450 was found to be 88% and 52%, respectively. Oxidation of methionine in Met-Leu-Phe peptide was significantly reduced when vacuum-dried PEGs were used. Vacuum drying PEG solutions at low pressures is an effective method for the removal of the residual peroxides present in commercially available PEGs.

Keywords: Freeze drying, peroxides, polyethylene glycol, proteins, vacuum drying

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Selected References

These references are in PubMed. This may not be the complete list of references from this article.
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