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The mucoadhesive properties of chitosan microspheres prepared by different method were evaluated by studying the interaction between mucin and microspheres in aqueous solution. The interaction was determined by the measurement of mucin adsorbed on the microspheres. A strong interaction between chitosan microspheres and mucin was detected. The intensity of the interaction was dependent upon the method of preparation of chitosan microspheres and the amount of mucin added. The extent of mucus adsorption was proportional to the absolute values of the positive zeta potential of chitosan microspheres. The zeta potential in turn was found to be dependent upon the method of preparation of microspheres. The adsorption of type III mucin (1% sialic acid content) was interpreted using Freundlich or Langmuir adsorption isotherms. The values ofr2 were greater for Langmuir isotherm as compared with Freundlich isotherm. The adsorption of a suspension of chitosan microspheres in the rat small intestine indicated that chitosan microspheres prepared by tripolyphosphate cross-linking and emulsification ionotropic gelation can be used as an excellent mucoadhesive delivery system. The microspheres prepared by glutaraldehyde and thermal cross-linking showed good stability in HC1 as compared with microspheres prepared by tripolyphosphate and emulsification ionotropic gelation.