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The purpose of this study was to investigate the efficiency of superdisintegrants in promoting tablet disintegration and drug dissolution under varied media pH. Significant reductions in the rate and extent of water uptake and swelling were observed for both sodium starch glycolate (Primojel) and croscarmellose sodium (Ac-Di-Sol) in an acidic medium (0.1 N HCl) but not for crospovidone NF (Polyplasdone XL10), a nonionic polymer. When Primojel and Ac-Di-Sol were incorporated in model formulations, a significant increase in tablet disintegration time was observed for slowly disintegrating tablets (lactose-based tablets) but not for the rapidly disintegrating tablets (dicalcium phosphate-based tablets). The dissolution rate of the model drug, hydrochlorothiazide, was found highly dependent on both tablet disintegration efficiency and the solubility of base material(s) in the testing medium. A laser diffraction particle size analyzer proved to be an effective tool for determining the intrinsic swelling of disintegrant particles in different media. Water uptake and swelling were confirmed as 2 important functions of superdisintegrants. The reduced water uptake and swelling capacity of disintegrants containing ionizable substituents in an acidic medium can potentially jeopardize their efficiency in promoting tablet disintegration and the drug dissolution rate.