As shown in , among the 200 participants, 87.5% were women. Age distribution indicated that 42% participants were aged between 21 and 30 years and about 26% were aged from 31 to 40 years. Of all the participants, 59.5% reported having received 10 to 12 years of school education, which is equivalent to a high school education in China; 27% had received 13 to 15 years of school education, which is equivalent to a college education. In terms of the highest medical training received, 32.5% had a trade school education or higher. About 76.5% participants had received work-related training in the past 6 months. The majority received training from local Food and Drug Administrative and health bureaus (73.2%). The 3 main purposes of training were pharmacology, continued education, and position orientation. Only 4 (2.0%) subjects reported that they had been trained for STD/HIV-related knowledge. Providing consultation was a common practice because over 90% of subjects reported that they usually provide consultation to their customers. The majority of participants (83.5%) did not have a pharmacist license at the time when the survey was administered. More than half of all participants reported being a pharmacy worker for less than 5 years, followed by 5 to 10 years (30.5%), 11 to 20 years (7.5%), and more than 21 years (7%). The number of staff was used as an indicator of pharmacy’s size. There were 63.5% participants who reported 10 or fewer staff members in their pharmacies; 31% reported between 11 and 20 staff members.
Demographic Characteristics, Other Background Variables and STD/HIV Knowledge (n = 200)
shows the correlation between STD/HIV knowledge and 8 independent variables. Among all the independent variables age (r = 0.187, P = 0.0079), work-related training in the past 6 months (r = 0.222, P = 0.0016), holding a pharmacist license (r = 0.222, P = 0.0016), and years of being a pharmacy worker (r = 0.280, P <0.0001) were significantly associated with STD/HIV knowledge. Subjects who were male (rfemale=−0.321, P <0.0001), older in age (r = 0.434, P<0.0001), had higher education (r = 0.280, P <0.0001), and higher medical training (r = 0.152, P = 0.0320) were more likely to hold a pharmacist’s license. Participants with work-related training in the past 6 months were more likely to provide consultation service (r = 0.182, P = 0.0097). However, higher STD/HIV knowledge was not found to be associated with more consultation service (r = 0.02, P = 0.7755). Female workers tended to be younger than male workers (r = −0.222, P = 0.0016) and were more likely to be trained in the past 6 months (r = 0.147, P = 0.0377). Participants who had a higher educational background were more likely to have received higher medical training (r = 0.520, P <0.0001). The number of staff in the pharmacy failed to show any associations with any other variables.
Correlation Coefficients and Significance Levels Among Selected Variables (n = 200)
We further examined the association between STD/HIV knowledge and each of the independent variables after taking other variables into consideration. As presented in , after controlling other variables in the model, only work-related training in the past 6 months (b =0.905, P =0.002), holding a pharmacist license (b = 0.770, P = 0.050), and years of being a pharmacy worker (b = 0.068, P = 0.002), remained significantly associated with STD/HIV knowledge. The effect of age (b = −0.013, P = 0.421), however, was no longer significant in the multiple linear regression model.
Multiple Linear Regression Examining Correlates of STD/HIV Knowledge Score (n = 200)