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19. Terry K, et al. Why EHRs Falter Medical Economics 2006. April 7,.
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21. Division of Laboratory ServicesCenters for Medicare & Medicaid Services Laboratories by Type of Facility, CLIA Update – December 2006http://www.cms.hhs.gov/CLIA/downloads/factype.pdf 2006(Accesse July 9, 2007).
22. Aller RD, et al. Annual Survey of LIS Systems CAP Today. November2005. pp. 28-56.
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24. PhysiciansEHR.org–vendor listinghttp://www.physiciansehr.org November2005(Accessed 10/9/2008).
25. Hall Patrick. Chief Operating Officer, e-MDs, Inc Personal Communication 2006. June 19,.
26. HL7 Messaging Standard Version 2.5.1, Chapter 7http://www.hl7.org/library/standards.cfm 21February2007(Accessed 10/9/2008).
27. For example, see http://www.itl.nist.gov/div897/ctg/messagemaker/slides/IESA07.ppt, http://www.ncvhs.hhs.gov/011010p2.pdf, and http://www.m.niemeck.org/thesis.pdf.
28. HL7 Messaging Standard Version 2.5.1, Chapter 2.12http://www.hl7.org/library/standards.cfm 21February2007(Accessed 10/9/2008). Note: ”Message profiles” are also referred to as ”implementation guides,” ”interoperability profiles,” and ”interoperability specifications” in the literature and trade press.
29. IHE Laboratory Technical Framework 27February2005;Volume 2http://www.ihe.net/Technical_Framework/upload/LabTFVol2_vl_2_feb27_FT.pdf 27February2005(Accessed 10/9/2008).
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32. http://www.chcf.org 2004(Accessed 8/15/2007).
33. The original technical work group included representatives from the following organizations: AllScripts, Inc., American College of Physicians, Ameripath, Inc., eHealth Initiative, Emdeon, Inc., e-MDs, Inc., GE Medical Technologies, HL7, Indiana Health Information Exchange, LabCorp, Inc., Misys, Inc., NextGen, Inc., Quest Diagnostics, Inc., U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, U.S. Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services, U.S. Veterans Health Administration.
34. ELINCS Specifications, California HealthCare Foundationhttp://www.elincs.org 2004(Accessed 10/9/2008). Note that the HL7-R1 version of ELINCS is available only to members of HL7.
35. HL7 Version 2.5.1 Implementation Guide: Orders and Observations; Ambulatory Care Lab Result (ELINCS), Release 1. Health Level Seven, July 1, 2008. http://www.hl7.org/documentcenter/private/standards/v251/HL7_AmbulatoryCareLabResultSpecification-R1_v2.5.1.zip 2008(Accessed 10/13/2008).
36. Current CLIA Regulations, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, §493.1291 (c)(2) and §493.1291 (i)(3)http://www.phppo.cdc.gov/clia/regs/toc.aspx 2008(Accessed 2/2/2009).
37. Logical Observation Identifiers Names and Codes (LOINC®)http://www.loinc.org 2008(Accessed 7/9/2007).
38. Brown and Toland Medical Group, San Francisco, CA; Greater Newport Physicians, Orange County, CA; Sharp Health Care, San Diego, CA.
39. Bartlett Joan. Evaluation of Pilot Projects for ELINCS implementation, personal communication June2007.