1. Baron RC, Salzer MS. Accounting for unemployment among people with mental illness. Behav Sci Law. 2002;20:585–599. [PubMed]
2. Murray CJL, Lopez AD. The Global Burden of Disease. Boston, Mass: Harvard School of Public Health; 1996.
3. Kopelowicz A, Wallace CJ, Liberman RP. Psychiatric rehabilitation. In: Gabbard G, editor. Treatment of Psychiatric Disorder. 4th ed. Arlington, Va: American Psychiatric Publishing Incorporated; 2007. pp. 361–382.
4. Liberman RP, Kopelowicz A, Silverstein S. Psychiatric rehabilitation. In: Sadock BJ, Sadock VA, editors. Comprehensive Textbook of Psychiatry. 8th ed. Baltimore, Md: Lippincott, Williams, & Wilkins; 2004. pp. 3884–3930.
5. Anthony WA, Jansen MA. Predicting the vocational capacity of the chronically mentally ill. Research and policy implications. Am Psychol. 1984;39:537–544. [PubMed] 6. Lehman AF. Vocational rehabilitation in schizophrenia. Schizophr Bull. 1995;21:645–656. [PubMed] 7. Marneros A, Deister A, Rohde A. Comparison of long-term outcome of schizophrenic, affective and schizoaffective disorders. Br J Psychiatry Suppl. 1992;161(suppl 18):44–51. [PubMed] 8. Rosenheck R, Leslie D, Keefe R, et al. Barriers to employment for people with schizophrenia. Am J Psychiatry. 2006;163:411–417. [PubMed]
9. Xie H, Dain B, Becker DR, Drake RE. Job tenure among persons with severe mental illness. Rehabil Couns Bull. 1997;40:230–239.
10. Becker DR, Drake RE, Bond GR, Xie H, Dain BJ, Harrison K. Job terminations among persons with severe mental illness participating in supported employment. Community Ment Health J. 1998;34:71–82. [PubMed] 11. Bond GR, Drake RE, Mueser KT, Becker DR. An update on supported employment for people with severe mental illness. Psychiatr Serv. 1997;48:335–346. [PubMed] 12. Lehman AF, Goldberg R, Dixon LB, et al. Improving employment outcomes for persons with severe mental illnesses. Arch Gen Psychiatry. 2002;59:165–172. [PubMed] 13. Bond GR, Resnick SG, Drake RE, Xie H, McHugo GJ, Bebout RR. Does competitive employment improve nonvocational outcomes for people with severe mental illness? J Consult Clin Psychol. 2001;69:489–501. [PubMed] 14. Corrigan P, Thompson V, Lambert D, Sangster Y, Noel JG, Campbell J. Perceptions of discrimination among persons with serious mental illness. Psychiatr Serv. 2003;54:1105–1110. [PubMed] 15. Marwaha S, Johnson S. Schizophrenia and employment—a review. Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol. 2004;39:337–349. [PubMed] 16. Gold JM. Cognitive deficits as treatment targets in schizophrenia. Schizophr Res. 2004;72:21–28. [PubMed] 17. Saykin AJ, Gur RC, Gur RE, et al. Neuropsychological function in schizophrenia. Selective impairment in memory and learning. Arch Gen Psychiatry. 1991;48:618–624. [PubMed] 18. Heinrichs RW, Zakzanis KK. Neurocognitive deficit in schizophrenia: a quantitative review of the evidence. Neuropsychology. 1998;12:426–445. [PubMed] 19. Palmer BW, Heaton RK, Paulsen JS, et al. Is it possible to be schizophrenic yet neuropsychologically normal? Neuropsychology. 1997;11:437–446. [PubMed] 20. Green MF. What are the functional consequences of neurocognitive deficits in schizophrenia? Am J Psychiatry. 1996;153:321–330. [PubMed] 21. Green MF, Kern RS, Braff DL, Mintz J. Neurocognitive deficits and functional outcome in schizophrenia: are we measuring the “right stuff”? Schizophr Bull. 2000;26:119–136. [PubMed] 22. Green MF, Kern RS, Heaton RK. Longitudinal studies of cognition and functional outcome in schizophrenia: implications for MATRICS. Schizophr Res. 2004;72:41–51. [PubMed] 23. Gold JM, Goldberg RW, McNary SW, Dixon LB, Lehman AF. Cognitive correlates of job tenure among patients with severe mental illness. Am J Psychiatry. 2002;159:1395–1402. [PubMed] 24. Bryson G, Bell MD. Initial and final work performance in schizophrenia: cognitive and symptom predictors. J Nerv Ment Dis. 2003;191:87–92. [PubMed] 25. Evans JD, Bond GR, Meyer PS, et al. Cognitive and clinical predictors of success in vocational rehabilitation in schizophrenia. Schizophr Res. 2004;70:331–342. [PubMed] 26. Jaeger J, Douglas E. Neuropsychiatric rehabilitation for persistent mental illness. Psychiatr Q. 1992;63:71–94. [PubMed] 27. Lysaker P, Bell M, Beam-Goulet J. Wisconsin card sorting test and work performance in schizophrenia. Psychiatry Res. 1995;56:45–51. [PubMed] 28. McGurk SR, Mueser KT. Cognitive functioning, symptoms, and work in supported employment: a review and heuristic model. Schizophr Res. 2004;70:147–173. [PubMed]
29. Mueser KT. Cognitive functioning, social adjustment, and long-term outcome in schizophrenia. In: Sharma T, Harvey PD, editors. Cognition in Schizophrenia: Impairments, Importance, and Treatment Strategies. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press; 2000.
30. McGurk SR. Neurocognition as a determinant of employment status in schizophrenia. J Psychiatr Pract. 2000;6:190–196. [PubMed] 31. Wallace CJ, Tauber R. Supplementing supported employment with workplace skills training. Psychiatr Serv. 2004;55:513–515. [PubMed] 32. Marder SR, Fenton W. Measurement and Treatment Research to Improve Cognition in Schizophrenia: NIMH MATRICS initiative to support the development of agents for improving cognition in schizophrenia. Schizophr Res. 2004;72:5–9. [PubMed] 33. Etzel BC, LeBlanc JM. The simplest treatment alternative: the law of parsimony applied to choosing appropriate instructional control and errorless-learning procedures for the difficult-to-teach child. J Autism Dev Disord. 1979;9:361–382. [PubMed] 34. Terrace HS. Errorless transfer of a discrimination across two continua. J Exp Anal Behav. 1963;6:223–232. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
35. Terrace HS. Stimulus control. In: Honig WK, editor. Operant Behavior: Areas of Research and Application. New York, NY: Appleton-Century-Crofts; 1966. pp. 271–344.
36. Wilson BA, Baddeley A, Evans JJ. Errorless learning in the rehabilitation of memory impaired people. Neuropsychol Rehabil. 1994;4:307–326.
37. Danion JM, Meulemans T, Kauffmann-Muller F, Vermaat H. Intact implicit learning in schizophrenia. Am J Psychiatry. 2001;158:944–948. [PubMed]
38. Bellack AS, Hersen M. Behavior Modification: An Introductory Textbook. New York, NY: Oxford University Press; 1977.
39. Hilgard ER, Bower GH. Theories of Learning. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall; 1975.
40. Redd WH, Porterfield AL, Andersen BL. Behavior Modification: Behavioral Approaches to Human Problems. New York, NY: Random House; 1979.
41. Kern RS, Green MF, Mitchell S, Kopelowicz A, Mintz J, Liberman RP. Extensions of errorless learning for social problem-solving deficits in schizophrenia. Am J Psychiatry. 2005;162:513–519. [PubMed] 42. Kern RS, Liberman RP, Kopelowicz A, Mintz J, Green MF. Applications of errorless learning for improving work performance in persons with schizophrenia. Am J Psychiatry. 2002;159:1921–1926. [PubMed] 43. Kern RS, Wallace CJ, Hellman SG, Womack LM, Green MF. A training procedure for remediating WCST deficits in chronic psychotic patients: an adaptation of errorless learning principles. J Psychiatr Res. 1996;30:283–294. [PubMed] 44. O'Carroll RE, Russell HH, Lawrie SM, Johnstone EC. Errorless learning and the cognitive rehabilitation of memory-impaired schizophrenic patients. Psychol Med. 1999;29:105–112. [PubMed] 45. Pope JW, Kern RS. An “errorful” learning deficit in schizophrenia? J Clin Exp Neuropsychol. 2006;28:101–110. [PubMed]
46. Young DA, Zakzanis KK, Campbell Z, Freyslinger MG, Meichenbaum DH. Scaffolded instruction remediates Wisconsin Card Sorting Test deficits in schizophrenia: a comparison to other techniques. Neuropsychol Rehabil. 2002;12:257–287.
47. First M, Spitzer R, Gibbon M, Williams J. Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV Patient Edition (SCID-I/P, Version 2.0) Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Press Inc.; 1996.
48. Blair JR, Spreen O. Predicting premorbid IQ: a revision of the National Adult Reading Test. Clin Neuropsychol. 1989;3:129–136.
49. Lukoff D, Nuechterlein K, Ventura J. Manual for the Expanded Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale. Schizophr Bull. 1986;12:567–602.
50. Ventura J, Green MF, Shaner A, Liberman RP. Training and quality assurance in the use of the Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale. Int J Methods Psychiatr Res. 1993;3:221–244.
51. Andreasen NC. The Scale for the Assessment of Negative Symptoms (SANS) Iowa City, Iowa: The Universtiy of Iowa; 1984.
52. Rosenberg M. Society and the Adolescent Self-image. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press; 1965.
53. Liberman RP, Wallace CJ, Blackwell G, Eckman TA, Vaccaro JV, Kuehnel TG. Innovations in skills training for the seriously mentally ill: the UCLA Social & Independent Living Skills Modules. Innovations Res. 1993;2:43–60.
54. Bellack AS, Mueser KT, Gingerich S, Agresta J. Social Skills Training for Schizophrenia: A Step-by-Step Guide (2nd ed.) New York, NY: The Guilford Press; 2004.
55. Liberman RP, DeRisi WJ, Mueser KT. Social Skills Training for Psychiatric Patients. Needham Heights, Mass: Allyn & Bacon; 1989.
56. Bryson G, Bell MD, Lysaker PH, Zito W. The Work Behavior Inventory: a scale for the assessment of work behavior for people with severe mental illness. Psychiatri Rehabil J. 1997;20:47–55.
57. Lehman AF, Ward NC, Linn LS. Chronic mental patients: the quality of life issue. Am J Psychiatry. 1982;139:1271–1276. [PubMed] 58. Abramis DJ. Relationship of job stressors to job performance: linear or an inverted-U? Psychol Rep. 1994;75:547–558. [PubMed]
59. Baddeley AD. Implicit memory and errorless learning: a link between cognitive theory and neuropsychological rehabilitation? In: Squire LR, Butters N, editors. Neuropsychology of Memory. (2nd ed). New York, NY: The Guilford Press; 1992.
60. Beninger RJ, Wasserman J, Zanibbi K, Charbonneau D, Mangels J, Beninger BV. Typical and atypical antipsychotic medications differentially affect two nondeclarative memory tasks in schizophrenic patients: a double dissociation. Schizophr Res. 2003;61:281–292. [PubMed] 61. Clare L, McKenna PJ, Mortimer AM, Baddeley AD. Memory in schizophrenia: what is impaired and what is preserved? Neuropsychologia. 1993;31:1225–1241. [PubMed] 62. Keri S, Kelemen O, Szekeres G, et al. Schizophrenics know more than they can tell: probabilistic classification learning in schizophrenia. Psychol Med. 2000;30:149–155. [PubMed]
63. Kern RS, Green MF, Wallace CJ. Declarative and procedural learning in schizophrenia: A test for the integrity of divergent memory systems. Cognit Neuropsychiatry. 1997:39–50.
64. Sponheim SR, Steele VR, McGuire KA. Verbal memory processes in schizophrenia patients and biological relatives of schizophrenia patients: intact implicit memory, impaired explicit recollection. Schizophr Res. 2004;71:339–348. [PubMed] 65. Hunkin NM, Squires EJ, Parkin AJ, Tidy JA. Are the benefits of errorless learning dependent on implicit memory? Neuropsychologia. 1998;36:25–36. [PubMed] 66. Anderson ND, Craik FI. The mnemonic mechanisms of errorless learning. Neuropsychologia. 2006;44:2806–2813. [PubMed] 67. Torrey WC, Mueser KT, McHugo GH, Drake RE. Self-esteem as an outcome measure in studies of vocational rehabilitation for adults with severe mental illness. Psychiatr Serv. 2000;51:229–233. [PubMed] 68. Setze PJ, Bond GR. Psychiatric recidivism in a psychosocial rehabilitation setting: a survival analysis. Hosp Community Psychiatry. 1985;36:521–524. [PubMed] 69. Kern RS, Green MF, Mintz J, Liberman RP. Does “errorless learning” compensate for neurocognitive impairments in the work rehabilitation of schizophrenia patients? Psychol Med. 2003;33:433–442. [PubMed]