PMCCPMCCPMCC

Search tips
Search criteria 

Advanced

 
Logo of jcmPermissionsJournals.ASM.orgJournalJCM ArticleJournal InfoAuthorsReviewers
 
J Clin Microbiol. 1990 September; 28(9): 2114–2116.
PMCID: PMC268115

Bacillus species pseudobacteremia traced to contaminated gloves used in collection of blood from patients with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome.

Abstract

Ten nonpathogenic Bacillus isolates were obtained from blood cultures collected over a 2-year period. Eight of these isolates were from patient with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome, and seven were recovered from blood cultures obtained in outpatient clinics. Five cases occurred during a 5-month period. These five cases were clinically evaluated, and the Bacillus isolates were characterized. The same Bacillus species was isolated from nonsterile gloves from the same lot worn by phlebotomists for blood collection in the outpatient clinics during this period, implicating the gloves as the cause of this pseudoepidemic. Awareness of the nonsterile nature of gloves used by laboratory personnel should be considered in the evaluation of Bacillus spp. in blood cultures.

Full text

Full text is available as a scanned copy of the original print version. Get a printable copy (PDF file) of the complete article (636K), or click on a page image below to browse page by page. Links to PubMed are also available for Selected References.

Images in this article

Click on the image to see a larger version.

Selected References

These references are in PubMed. This may not be the complete list of references from this article.
  • Berger SA. Pseudobacteremia due to contaminated alcohol swabs. J Clin Microbiol. 1983 Oct;18(4):974–975. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • BOYETT DP, RIGHTS FL. Heretofore undescribed aerobic spore forming bacillus in child with meningitis. J Am Med Assoc. 1952 Apr 5;148(14):1223–1224. [PubMed]
  • Bradley SF, Wilson KH, Rosloniec MA, Kauffman CA. Recurrent pseudobacteremias traced to a radiometric blood culture device. Infect Control. 1987 Jul;8(7):281–283. [PubMed]
  • Cotton DJ, Gill VJ, Marshall DJ, Gress J, Thaler M, Pizzo PA. Clinical features and therapeutic interventions in 17 cases of Bacillus bacteremia in an immunosuppressed patient population. J Clin Microbiol. 1987 Apr;25(4):672–674. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Craven DE, Lichtenberg DA, Browne KF, Coffey DM, Treadwell TL, McCabe WR. Pseudobacteremia traced to cross-contamination by an automated blood culture analyzer. Infect Control. 1984 Feb;5(2):75–78. [PubMed]
  • FARRAR WE., Jr Serious infections due to "non-pathogenic" organisms of the genus Bacillus. Review of their status as pathogens. Am J Med. 1963 Jan;34:134–141. [PubMed]
  • Guiot HF, de Planque MM, Richel DJ, van't Wout JW. Bacillus cereus: a snake in the grass for granulocytopenic patients. J Infect Dis. 1986 Jun;153(6):1186–1186. [PubMed]
  • Gurevich I, Tafuro P, Krystofiak SP, Kalter RD, Cunha BA. Three clusters of Bacillus pseudobacteremia related to a radiometric blood culture analyzer. Infect Control. 1984 Feb;5(2):71–74. [PubMed]
  • Hoffman PC, Arnow PM, Goldmann DA, Parrott PL, Stamm WE, McGowan JE., Jr False-positive blood cultures. Association with nonsterile blood collection tubes. JAMA. 1976 Nov 1;236(18):2073–2075. [PubMed]
  • Ihde DC, Armstrong D. Clinical spectrum of infection due to Bacillus species. Am J Med. 1973 Dec;55(6):839–845. [PubMed]
  • John JF, Jr, Bannister ER. Pseudobacteremia. Infect Control. 1984 Feb;5(2):69–70. [PubMed]
  • Maki DG. Through a glass darkly. Nosocomial pseudoepidemics and pseudobacteremias. Arch Intern Med. 1980 Jan;140(1):26–28. [PubMed]
  • McNeil MM, Davis BJ, Solomon SL, Anderson RL, Shulman ST, Gardner S, Kabat K, Martone WJ. Ewingella americana: recurrent pseudobacteremia from a persistent environmental reservoir. J Clin Microbiol. 1987 Mar;25(3):498–500. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Noble RC, Reeves SA. Bacillus species pseudosepsis caused by contaminated commercial blood culture media. JAMA. 1974 Nov 18;230(7):1002–1004. [PubMed]
  • Tuazon CU, Murray HW, Levy C, Solny MN, Curtin JA, Sheagren JN. Serious infections from Bacillus sp. JAMA. 1979 Mar 16;241(11):1137–1140. [PubMed]
  • Weinstein RA, Stamm WE. Pseudoepidemics in hospital. Lancet. 1977 Oct 22;2(8043):862–864. [PubMed]

Articles from Journal of Clinical Microbiology are provided here courtesy of American Society for Microbiology (ASM)