National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute with investigators funded under a contract mechanism (NHLBI N01-WH-2-2110).
The authors thank the WHI investigators and staff for their outstanding dedication and commitment. A list of key investigators involved in this research follows.
A full listing of WHI investigators can be found at the following Web site: http://www.whi.org
Program Office: (National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, Bethesda, MD). Elizabeth Nabel, Jacques Rossouw, Linda Pottern, Shari Ludlam, Joan McGowan.
Clinical Coordinating Center: Ross Prentice, Garnet Anderson, Andrea LaCroix, Ruth Patterson, Anne McTiernan, Barbara Cochrane, Julie Hunt, Lesley Tinker, Charles Kooperberg, Martin McIntosh, C. Y. Wang, Chu Chen, Deborah Bowen, Alan Kristal, Janet Stanford, Nicole Urban, Noel Weiss, Emily White (Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, Seattle, WA); Sally Shumaker, Pentti Rautaharju, Ronald Prineas, Michelle Naughton (Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston-Salem, NC); Evan Stein, Peter Laskarzewski (Medical Research Labs, Highland Heights, KY); Steven Cummings, Michael Nevitt, Maurice Dockrell (University of California at San Francisco, San Francisco, CA); Lisa Harnack (University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN); Frank Cammarata, Steve Lindenfelser (Fisher BioServices, Rockville, MD); Bruce Psaty, Susan Heckbert (University of Washington, Seattle, WA).
Clinical Centers: Sylvia Wassertheil-Smoller, William Frishman, Judith Wylie-Rosett, David Barad, Ruth Freeman (Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, NY); Jennifer Hays, Ronald Young, Jill Anderson, Sandy Lithgow, Paul Bray (Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX); JoAnn Manson, J. Michael Gaziano, Claudia Chae, Kathryn Rexrode, Caren Solomon (Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA); Annlouise R. Assaf, Carol Wheeler, Charles Eaton, Michelle Cyr (Brown University, Providence, RI); Lawrence Phillips, Margaret Pedersen, Ora Strickland, Margaret Huber, Vivian Porter (Emory University, Atlanta, GA); Shirley A. A. Beresford, Vicky M. Taylor, Nancy F. Woods, Maureen Henderson, Robyn Andersen (Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, Seattle, WA); Judith Hsia, Nancy Gaba, Joao Ascensao (George Washington University, Washington, DC); Rowan Chlebowski, Robert Detrano, Anita Nelson, James Heiner, John Marshall (Harbor—UCLA Research and Education Institute, Torrance, CA); Cheryl Ritenbaugh, Barbara Valanis, Victor Stevens, Njeri Karanja (Kaiser Permanente Center for Health Research, Portland, OR); Bette Caan, Stephen Sidney, Geri Bailey, Jane Hirata (Kaiser Permanente Division of Research, Oakland, CA); Jane Morley Kotchen, Vanessa Barnabei, Theodore A. Kotchen, Mary Ann C. Gilligan, Joan Neuner (Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, WI); Barbara V. Howard, Lucile Adams-Campbell, Lawrence Lessin, Monique Rainford, Gabriel Uwaifo (MedStar Research Institute/Howard University, Washington, DC); Linda Van Horn, Philip Greenland, Janardan Khandekar, Kiang Liu, Carol Rosenberg (Northwestern University, Chicago/Evanston, IL); Henry Black, Lynda Powell, Ellen Mason (Rush Medical Center, Chicago, IL);) Marcia L. Stefanick, Mark A. Hlatky, Bertha Chen, Randall S. Stafford, Sally Mackey (Stanford Prevention Research Center, Stanford University, Stanford, CA; Dorothy Lane, Iris Granek, William Lawson, Gabriel San Roman, Catherine Messina (State University of New York at Stony Brook, Stony Brook, NY); Rebecca Jackson, Randall Harris, Electra Paskett, W. Jerry Mysiw, Michael Blumenfeld (The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH); Cora E. Lewis, Albert Oberman, James M. Shikany, Monika Safford, Brian K. Britt (University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL); Tamsen Bassford, Cyndi Thomson, Marcia Ko, Ana Maria Lopez (University of Arizona, Tucson/Phoenix, AZ); Jean Wactawski-Wende, Maurizio Trevisan, Ellen Smit, Susan Graham, June Chang (University at Buffalo, Buffalo, NY); John Robbins, S. Yasmeen (University of California at Davis, Sacramento, CA); F. Allan Hubbell, Gail Frank, Nathan Wong, Nancy Greep, Bradley Monk (University of California at Irvine, Irvine, CA); Howard Judd, David Heber, Robert Elashoff (University of California at Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA); Robert D. Langer, Michael H. Criqui, Gregory T. Talavera, Cedric F. Garland, R. Elaine Hanson (University of California at San Diego, LaJolla/Chula Vista, CA); Margery Gass, Suzanne Wernke (University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH); Marian Limacher, Michael Perri, Andrew Kaunitz, R. Stan Williams, Yvonne Brinson (University of Florida, Gainesville/Jacksonville, FL); David Curb, Helen Petrovitch, Beatriz Rodriguez, Kamal Masaki, Santosh Sharma (University of Hawaii, Honolulu, HI); Robert Wallace, James Torner, Susan Johnson, Linda Snetselaar, Bradley VanVoorhis (University of Iowa, Iowa City/Davenport, IA); Judith Ockene, Milagros Rosal, Ira Ockene, Robert Yood, Patricia Aronson (University of Massachusetts/Fallon Clinic, Worcester, MA); Norman Lasser, Baljinder Singh, Vera Lasser, John Kostis (University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey, Newark, NJ); Mary Jo O’Sullivan, Linda Parker, R. Estape, Diann Fernandez (University of Miami, Miami, FL); Karen L. Margolis, Richard H. Grimm, Donald B. Hunninghake, June LaValleur, Sarah Kempainen (University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN); Robert Brunner, William Graettinger, Vicki Oujevolk (University of Nevada, Reno, NV); Gerardo Heiss, Pamela Haines, David Ontjes, Carla Sueta, Ellen Wells (University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC); Lewis Kuller, Jane Cauley, N. Carole Milas (University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA); Karen C. Johnson, Suzanne Satterfield, Raymond W. Ke, Stephanie Connelly, Fran Tylavsky (University of Tennessee Health Science Center, Memphis, TN); Robert Brzyski, Robert Schenken, Jose Trabal, Mercedes Rodriguez-Sifuentes, Charles Mouton (University of Texas Health Science Center, San Antonio, TX); Gloria Sarto, Douglas Laube, Patrick McBride, Julie Mares-Perlman, Barbara Loevinger (University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI); Denise Bonds, Greg Burke, Robin Crouse, Mara Vitolins, Scott Washburn (Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston-Salem, NC); Susan Hendrix, Michael Simon, Gene McNeeley (Wayne State University School of Medicine/Hutzel Hospital, Detroit, MI).