I. Call to Order
Chair Barbara E. Hayes called the meeting to order at 3:30 PM
II. Report of the Chair
Chair Hayes welcomed Council members to Washington, D.C. She introduced the new CEO deans and assistant/associate deans from schools with Regular Institutional membership. Also, the deans from schools with Associate Institutional membership status were asked to stand and be recognized. The chair recognized all those deans who have retired since the last Annual Meeting. Finally, the Chair asked a moment of silence for all those deans who have passed away since the last Annual Meeting.
She commented on several issues facing the Academy, including the Task Force on the Faculty Work Force co-sponsored by the Council of Deans and the Council of Faculties. There will a request for information from the deans and she asked all deans to respond accordingly.
III. Report of the Secretary
Secretary Bricker noted that the minutes of the Council of Deans Business Meeting from the Annual Interim Meeting on Monday, 5 February 2007 in Arlington, VA and from the Annual Council of Deans Business Meeting, July 16, 2007, Orlando, Florida have been published in the American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education (AJPE (2007) 71:(4) S14) and are posted on the AACP-Council of Deans website.
IV. Report of the Immediate-Past Chair on Board of Directors Activities
Immediate Past-Chair Patricia A. Chase reviewed the activities of the Board.
V. Committee/Task Force Updates
Immediate Past-Chair Patricia A. Chase reported that nominations are open for the position of Chair-elect, Secretary, and Administrative Board Representative. The deadline for nominations is May.
Dr. George Francisco indicated that, to date, no resolutions have been received from the Council of Deans.
COD/COF Work Force Task Force
Members: Council of Deans Appointees: Raylene Rospond (Drake), Chair; Mehdi Boroujerdi (Albany), Bobby G. Bryant (Samford), COD Chair-elect, ex officio, James Kehrer (Washington State), Kathy Knapp (Touro), Wayne Kradjan (Oregon State), Lamar Pritchard (Louisiana).Council of Faculty Appointees: Dan Brazeau (SUNY-Buffalo), Martin Farias (Texas A&M), Ray Love (Maryland), Robert Riggs (Samford), Juliana Szilagyi (Houston) COF Chair-elect, ex officio, Jeanne Van Tyle (Butler), Robin Zavod (Midwestern-Chicago).The charges to the committee were: (1) Develop models of compensation packages (salary, benefits, practice plans, research plans, and consultation revenue) to be utilized by schools and colleges of pharmacy to enhance recruitment and retention of faculty members. (2) Develop models of alternative faculty appointments to be utilized by schools and colleges of pharmacy to enhance recruitment and retention of faculty members. (3) Complete a roles analysis of schools and colleges of pharmacy with and without graduate programs and how partnerships can be developed among these.The Task Force was formed by the Chairs of the Council of Faculties and the Council of Deans within AACP in 2004 to address issues regarding recruitment and retention of pharmacy faculty. Academically sound schools and colleges of pharmacy require the appropriate number of qualified faculty teaching in their professional and graduate programs. Task Force members met in two conference calls to determine a work plan which will lead to deliverables by the AACP annual meeting in July.With respect to the first charge to the committee, a Subgroup discussed various strategies to the development of compensation packages. Various models, based upon type of institution and type of faculty, are in the process of being developed.Committee charge (2) was reviewed by a subgroup that reviewed available data related to benefits associated with positive work environments and are collecting data from the institutions represented on the task force. Resources for work were identified and include: Contingent Faculty and Student Learning: Welcome to the Strativersity. By: Thompson, Karen. New Directions for Higher Education, Fall2003 Issue 123, p41, 7p; (AN 10882205); How Does University Decision Making Shape the Faculty? By: Cross, John G.; Goldenberg, Edie N. New Directions for Higher Education, Fall 2003 Issue 123, p49, 11p; (AN 10882204); Reappraisal and Implications for Policy and Research. By: Benjamin, Ernst. New Directions for Higher Education, Fall 2003 Issue 123, p79, 35p, 9 charts; (AN 10882201); Resources and Research from COACHE-publication listhttp://gseacademic.harvard.edu/~coache/info/resources.html; and Reports from Study of New Scholars: http://gseacademic.harvard.edu/~coache/info/download.html#5. Next steps for this subgroup are to develop specific recommendations and models of faculty appointments.Relative to the third charge to the committee, an on-line survey was developed and administered in Fall 2006. The AACP graduate/research liaisons for each institution were the target participants. The data were collected and analyzed. However, it was deficient in data from private institutions. A Subgroup has identified personal contacts at 26 private schools/colleges and is in the process of collecting survey data through personal interviews. Once collected, a full analysis will be included in the final Task Force report in July.
COD/COF Task Force on Medication Safety
Members: Council of Deans (COD) Appointees: Arnold W. Karig (South Carolina - MUSC), Daniel C. Robinson (Western), Craig Svensson (Purdue)Council of Faculties (COF) Appointees: Robert Weber (Pittsburgh), Chair, Shelley Chambers-Fox (Washington State), Elizabeth Flynn (Auburn), Shane Scott (Midwestern – Chicago), Ron Taniguchi (Hawaii – Hilo), Terri Warholak (Arizona), Antonia Zapantis (Nova Southeastern)The COD/COF Medication Safety Task Force was formed in July 2007 and consists of experts in medication safety areas of pharmacy education and practice. The Task Force was given the following charge by Chairs Crabtree and Hayes: (1) determine how to best position colleges and schools of pharmacy to respond to a broader national patient safety agenda, and (2) determine how the recommendations can complement academic-professional partnership initiatives, practice-based research networks and provide other opportunities to engage in inter-professional education.The initial discussions of the Task Force focused on the Joint Commission's National Patient Safety Goals (NPSG) and the role of pharmacy education in improving awareness and compliance to these goals. While these goals are critical to patient care, the Task Force felt strongly that fundamental medication safety concepts are represented in the NPSG and constitute a larger national medication safety agenda that must be addressed by the Academy. This larger agenda is very broad; however, the consensus of the Task Force is that initial efforts by the Academy can be made in three focus areas: (1) Scholarship of Medication Safety; (2) Curricular content in Medication Safety; and (3) Medication Safety awareness.Three Work Groups were formed to address the focus areas of the Task Force, and met by conference calls. The Work Group on Scholarship of Medication Safety will develop an article or series of articles, possibly published as a supplement in AJPE, on the theoretical and practical aspects of medication safety. This publication will provide the focal summary of the literature for pharmacy education to use in advising pharmacy students and other health-care professionals in medication safety practices (e.g., promoting best practices). The Work Group on Curricular Content in Medication Safety_will develop content and strategies for determining the education needs of students in medication safety and assess the effectiveness of educational approaches in improving competence and changing practice. The Work Group on Medication Safety Awareness will develop a plan for promoting awareness of the role of the pharmacist (including the Academy) to various key stakeholders. These stakeholders may include local, sate and national leaders, patients, other healthcare professionals (including their respective educational institutions), professional organizations, businesses (e.g., pharmacy chains, hospitals) and industry.
Costs of Experiential Education Task Force
Members: David D. Allen (Northeastern Ohio), Chair, Dean L. Arneson (Oklahoma), Debbie Sasaki-Hill (Touro-California), W. Greg Leader (Louisiana), Anne Lin (Midwestern-Glendale), Joseph F. Steiner (Idaho), Charles Taylor (St. Louis), Bobby Bryant (Samford), COD Chair Elect.The purpose of the Task Force was to examine the costs of experiential education and the impact of these costs on quality and quantity of pharmacy practice experiences now and in the future. The Task Force was charged to: (1) conduct a strategic analysis of experiential education costs and (2) develop specific recommendations that will help colleges and schools better plan for and manage volatile experiential education costs.The Task Force considered the following questions: (1) What is the cost of experiential education in terms of cost, time, and manpower? (2) What are the contributing factors that go into cost? (3) What are the different components that go into experiential education? (4) What is the average amount spent across the board for experiential education?The following articles on quality, cost and measurement were reviewed:Bowen, J.L., & Irby, D.M. (2002). Assessing quality and costs of education in the ambulatory setting: A review of the literature. American Medicine, 77(7), pp. 621-680. Nutter, D.O., Bond, J.S., et al. (2000). Measuring faculty effort and contributions in medical education. Academic Medicine, 75(2), 200-207. Boex, J.R., Boll, A.A., et.al. (2000). Measuring the costs of primary care education in the ambulatory setting. Academic Medicine, 75(5), 419-425. Selander, L.K., & Larson, L.N. (1995). Economic costs and benefits associated with a community pharmacy rotation. American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education, 59, 7-14. Boex, J.R., & Henry, R.C. (2001). Principles to guide AHC-community partnerships. Academic Medicine, 76(2), 151-153. Hogan, A.J., Franzini, L., et al. (2000). Estimating the cost of primary care training in ambulatory settings. Health Economics, 9, 715-726. Boex, J.R. & Leahy, P.J. (2003). Understanding residents' work: Moving beyond counting hours to assessing education value. Academic Medicine, 78(9), 939-1086. Desselle, S.P., Mattei, T.J., et al. (2004). Identifying and weighting teaching and scholarship activities among faculty members. American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education, 68(4), 90, 1-11.The Task Force determined that a model, based on the Desselle article, should be established first; a study would then be conducted. Four areas were targeted to initiate the discovery process: (1) Construct a list of experiential educational activities commonly performed by preceptors (faculty and non-faculty); a list of preceptor responsibilities has been developed and is currently being refined, (2) Construct an average Educational Value Unit (EVU) for each major educational activity (survey or analysis), (3) Determine an average “amount of time” preceptors spend doing the various activities (survey or estimation of US preceptors), and (4) Determine an average “cost or salary” per each unit of time spent doing the activity (estimation of US preceptor salaries).Consideration for the inclusion of student values in experiential sites and indirect expenses were determined appropriate but not for the current stage of this process. Student benefits would be documented throughout the process to be included at a later time. The importance of each school/college having an experiential education office was also noted. Operational costs of experiential offices should be included in the total costs of support.The Task Force recommended the development of a website to facilitate their duties, development of a model for analyzing experiential costs, and conduct the study during the 2008-09 academic year.
Task Force on Underrepresented Minorities in the Pharmacy Academy
Members: Wayne T. Harris (Xavier) – Chair, Kenneth L. Audus (Kansas), Martin Brown (A&M Schwartz), Natalie Eddington (Maryland), James C. Eoff (Tennessee), Dave Forbes (Montana), and Andres Malave (Nova Southeastern).The charges to the Task Force were to: (1) evaluate the current status of underrepresented groups in the pharmacy academy and explore opportunities to increase participation in academic pharmacy; (2) determine whether improving participation of underrepresented groups is part of the mission and/or a strategic priority of colleges and schools; and (3) evaluate both short term and long term consequences for the pharmacy academy.The Task Force constructed a survey in order to determine whether improving participation of underrepresented groups is part of the mission and/or strategic priority of the schools/colleges of pharmacy. The results of the survey will be reported at the Annual Meeting in July.
National Research Council and COD/COF ACPE Metrics Task Force
Members: Council of Deans (COD) Appointees: Robert Brueggemeier (Ohio State), chair. Paul Jungnickel (Auburn), Ronald Maddox (Campbell), Robert A. Mangione (St. John's), and William Smith (Virginia).Council of Faculty (COF) Appointees: William Fassett (Washington State), Julie Hixson-Wallace (Mercer), Douglas Reid (Florida), and Cindy Stowe (Arkansas); Peter Vlasses (ACPE) and Dr. Ken Miller (AACP).The COD NRC Task Force was originally formed in July 2006. At that time, the NRC had not initiated the data collection phase of the assessment process. Also, the listing of doctoral program specializations did not have a separate specialization for pharmacy. The COD NRC Task Force was charged in July 2006 to examine the questions: (1) How can we best position pharmacy graduate programs to be appropriately evaluated in the next round of National Research Council's evaluation of graduate programs? (2) What have other disciplines done to be recognized? (3) How can we develop an evaluation program for graduate programs in all the pharmaceutical sciences for benchmarking purposes (from the 1995 Research & Graduate Affairs Committee)?The NRC began collecting data from university graduate schools and from graduate faculty in late 2006 and early 2007. In the methodology, the criteria for specialization is that a field must have (1) produced at least 500 Ph.D.s over the most recent 5 years and (2) be offered by programs that had produced 3 or more Ph.D.s in the last 3 years in at least 25 universities. Although the graduate programs in pharmacy did not meet the criteria [Task Force charge #1], graduate programs in pharmacy such as medicinal chemistry, pharmaceutics, and pharmacology were included in the larger specialization category of “Pharmacology, Toxicology, and Environmental Health.” In fact, many pharmacy faculty were included in the NRC Faculty Surveys and pharmacy graduate programs were included in the data collection by their universities.The data collection phase of the NRC review was completed during the second half of 2007. The NRC analytics group began to analyze the data, and several issues regarding data accuracy and interpretation were identified. This analysis phase has required additional study, and the initial report from the NRC analytics group and the release of the database has been delayed three times in 2007-2008. The Chair reported that the NRC delayed reporting the data until Spring 2008. A final report will be submitted for the Annual Meeting in July.
Emerging Issues Task Force
COD Members: Daniel Brown (Palm Beach Atlantic), Peter Doukas (Temple), Arcelia Johnson-Fannin (Incarnate Word), Stephanie Gardner, Chair, (Arkansas), Wendy Duncan- Hewitt (St. Louis), Robert McCarthy (Connecticut), Beverly Schmoll, (Wayne State), Chair.COD Chair Barbara Hayes and COF Chair Brian Crabtree charged the 2007-08 AACP COD/COF Emerging Issues Task Force to: (1) Develop strategies to actively engage all CEO deans in dialogue on emerging issues that have the greatest potential to impact the academy in the next 5 years, (2) Develop three or four issues where compelling recommendations could be formulated to encourage action by AACP and/or member colleges and schools, and (3) Convene with COF Faculty Affairs Committee at the 2008 AACP Interim Meeting to form a joint deliberative body that will develop some consensus on those issues and make recommendations for a future course of action.The COF/COD Task Force on Emerging Issues in Pharmacy Education is in the process of conducting a survey to identify emerging issues from the perspective of faculty members and deans with the greatest potential impact on schools and colleges of pharmacy over the next 5-10 years. The results of the survey will be reported at the Annual Meeting in July.
COD/COF Healthy Student Project
Members: Susan M. Meyer, (Pittsburgh) –Chair, Lillian Arce de Malave (Nova Southeastern), Steve Durst (Ferris State), Michelle Easton (Charleston), Nancy Letassy (Oklahoma), Carrie Maffeo (Butler), Nanci Murphy (Washington), Kelly Summers (Maryland), Andrea Wall (Cincinnati), Shara Zatopek (Houston).COD Chair Barbara Hayes and COF Chair Brian Crabtree charged the 2007-08 AACP COD/COF Healthy Student Task Force to: (1) assess the impact of instructional methods and resources identified and compiled by the 2006-2007 Healthy Student Project Task Force, (2) assess outcomes of curricular efforts on student engagement and success in conducting health promotion and disease prevention activities, both during introductory and advanced pharmacy practice experiences and later in practice, and (3) explore how colleges and schools of pharmacy and their faculties might participate in and advance efforts on their campuses to meet the IOM recommendation that “…all undergraduates should have access to education in public health.”The committee has conducted its work via e-mail and one conference call.With respect to charges one and two, and in response to the new accreditation standards, a strong interest expressed by AACP members, and a call to action by several national organizations, policy makers, and the general public, the Task Force is identifying key issues and providing action steps to facilitate the teaching, learning, and assessment of health promotion, disease prevention, and behavior modification learning outcomes. A call for successful practices was issued on January 23, 2008, to members of the AACP Curriculum Special Interest Group. Due February 15, 2008, these written descriptions should include: (1) a description of the course, specific learning activity, or assessment strategy; (2) an explanation of how the successful practice aligns with the educational outcomes identified in the Clinical Prevention and Population Health Curriculum Framework; (3) a list of special issues and considerations involved in the planning, design, and/or implementation; (4) an evaluation of the effectiveness of the learning activity; (5) a list of useful resources and references; (6) a checklist of planning steps; and (6) contact information for an individual available to provide additional information as needed. These submissions will be compiled along with those gathered by the 2006-07 Task Force and made available to AACP members as a toolkit for teaching, learning, and assessment in pubic health, disease prevention, and health promotion.Additional sharing among colleges and schools will be facilitated at the 2008 Annual Meeting. Based on a recommendation from the task force, the AACP Program Committee has selected public health, wellness, and prevention as the School Poster Theme.The Institute of Medicine has recommended that “…all undergraduates should have access to education in public health.” The Consensus Conference on Undergraduate Public Health Education, funded by the Josiah Macy, Jr. Foundation, is developing recommendations to expand and enrich undergraduate learning outcomes by incorporating public health curricula into general or liberal education. Curriculum frameworks have been developed for “Public Health 101” and “Epidemiology 101” courses. These frameworks and some related teaching materials are organized in the Prevention Education Resource Center (PERC) (http://www.teachprevention.org/public_health.php). Dr. Jack Fincham (Missouri-Kansas City) serves as the editor-in-chief for the Prevention Education Resource Center and Dr. Jeanine Mount (Wisconsin) serves as the associate editor for pharmacy.To address its third charge, the task force has submitted a proposal for a special session at the 2008 Annual Meeting. The session would be led by members of the task force and Dr. Fincham and would explore strategies for pharmacy engagement the “public health for all undergraduates” initiative on campuses. If selected for the annual meeting program, a brainstorming and prioritization activity will be used to create an “envisioned future” scenario to illustrate pharmacy school engagement in public health education on campus.
VI. Unfinished Business
- Academic Leadership Fellows Program. Dr. Ken Miller reported that the deadline for candidates to enroll in the program is 28 February 2008. He mentioned that Dean facilitators are needed, too.
- CEO Deans Leadership Conference at Gallup University in Omaha, NE is being planned.
VII. New Business
- Resolution: A resolution to suspend current IPPE time requirements was brought before the Council. After much discussion the vote was 56 YES, 29 NO, 3 ABSTAIN.
- Advocacy and Outreach: William Lang discussed the implications of the President's FY2009 budget on funding for research and programs. He encouraged members to go to the AACP website (www.aacp.org) and use the CEO Deans/Legislative Advocacy link to find information for corresponding with their representatives.
- 2008 AACP Institutes: Focus on faculty recruitment and retention. Dr. George E. MacKinnon reported that the 2008 AACP Institute would present a program entitled: “Faculty Recruitment, Retention, and Enrichment.” The program will be offered at two locations: The National Conference Center in Lansdowne, VA on 19-22 May and Scottsdale, AZ 2-5 June.
- Annual Meeting Programming:Chair Hayes indicated that there would be opportunity for deans to interact with representatives from various international Consuls at the Annual Meeting in Chicago, IL in July. A Council of Deans Special Session: Academic Pharmacy's Global Initiatives will give various schools/colleges an opportunity to discuss current university affiliations with international schools of pharmacy.
The meeting was adjourned at 5:00 P.M.
J. Douglas Bricker, Secretary