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Emerg Med J. 2007 November; 24(11): 779.
PMCID: PMC2658326

Omental infarction: a rare cause of acute abdominal pain

A 38‐year‐old man presented to our emergency department with an acute history of abdominal pain. Physical examination elicited tenderness in the right upper quadrant. The only significant laboratory value was a raised C‐reactive protein of 95 mg/l. The provisional diagnosis was of acute cholecystitis but the ultrasound scan that followed was normal. He remained symptomatic and subsequent computed tomography (fig 11)) revealed ill defined stranding of the right sided omentum together with mild reactive bowel wall thickening, resulting in the diagnosis of omental infarction. The patient was treated conservatively and made a full and speedy recovery.

figure em42226.f1
Figure 1 Omental infarct on the right side of the abdomen as indicated by the arrow in a 38‐year‐old man. Informed written consent was obtained for the publication of this figure.

Omental infarction is caused by a compromise to the blood supply by either torsion or spontaneous venous thrombosis.1 Clinically it is often indistinguishable from acute cholecystitis and appendicitis. Its importance lies in the fact that it if correctly diagnosed patients can avoid surgery and be reassured about the benign and self limiting nature of the disease.

Footnotes

No competing interests/funding

Informed written consent was obtained for the publication of fig 11.

References

1. van Breda Vriesman A C, de Mol van Otterloo A J. et al Epiploic appendagitis and omental infarction. Eur J Surg 2001. 167723–727.727 [PubMed]

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