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Logo of emermedjEmergency Medical JournalVisit this articleSubmit a manuscriptReceive email alertsContact usBMJ
Emerg Med J. 2007 November; 24(11): 752.
PMCID: PMC2658314

Coordinator: Gavin Lloyd

See page 805 for answers

Question 1

Theme: Hyperkalaemia

Which one of the following statements regarding hyperkalaemia is/are false?

  1. It is the commonest metabolic cause of cardiac arrest
  2. A typical dose of a calcium salt (chloride or gluconate) does not alter the serum potassium level
  3. A 20 mg salbutamol nebuliser may be a useful treatment
  4. Sodium bicarbonate should be avoided

Question 2

Theme: Calcium channel blockers

Which one of the following statements regarding severe calcium channel blocker toxicity is/are false?

  1. Gut decontamination is recommended
  2. Transvenous pacing should be first line treatment
  3. Insulin/glucose infusion is recommended
  4. Atropine is unlikely to overcome complete heart block

Question 3

Theme: Therapeutic hypothermia

Which of the following are recognised methods of achieving therapeutic hypothermia?

  1. Ice packs to the groin/axillae/neck
  2. 2 litres of ice cold saline
  3. Intravenous magnesium
  4. Expose the patient with dignity

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