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Bioinformation. 2009; 3(7): 308–310.
Published online 2009 February 26.
PMCID: PMC2655050

Insights from Streptococcus pneumoniae glucose kinase structural model

Abstract

Streptococcus pneumonia is the common cause of sepsis and meningitis. Emergence of multiple antibiotic resistant strains in the community‐acquired bacterium is catastrophic. Glucose kinase (GLK) is a regulatory enzyme capable of adding phosphate group to glucose in the first step of streptomycin biosynthesis. The activity of glucose kinase was regulated by the Carbon Catabolite Repression (CCR) system. Therefore, it is important to establish the structure‐function relation of GLK in S. pneumoniae. However, a solved structure for S. pneumoniae GLK is not available at the protein data bank (PDB). Therefore, we created a model of GLK from S. pnemoniae using the X‐ray structure of Glk from E. faecalis as template with MODELLER (a comparative modeling program). The model was validated using protein structure checking tools such as PROCHECK, WHAT IF and ProSA for reliability. The active site amino acid Asp114 in the template is retained in S. pneumoniae GLK model (Asp115). Solvent accessible surface area (ASA) analysis of the GLK model showed that known key residues playing important role in active site for ligand binding and metal ion binding are buried and hence not accessible to solvent. The information thus discussed provides insight to the molecular understanding of glucose kinase in S. pneumoniae.

Keywords: Glucose kinase, active site, model, homology, function

Articles from Bioinformation are provided here courtesy of Biomedical Informatics Publishing Group