PMCCPMCCPMCC

Search tips
Search criteria 

Advanced

 
Logo of eidEmerging Infectious Diseases
 
Emerg Infect Dis. 1999 May-Jun; 5(3): 415–423.
PMCID: PMC2640781

Human rabies postexposure prophylaxis during a raccoon rabies epizootic in New York, 1993 and 1994.

Abstract

We describe the epidemiology of human rabies postexposure prophylaxis (PEP) in four upstate New York counties during the 1st and 2nd year of a raccoon rabies epizootic. We obtained data from records of 1,173 persons whose rabies PEP was reported to local health departments in 1993 and 1994. Mean annual PEP incidence rates were highest in rural counties, in summer, and in patients 10 to 14 and 35 to 44 years of age. PEP given after bites was primarily associated with unvaccinated dogs and cats, but most (70%) was not attributable to bites. Although pet vaccination and stray animal control, which target direct exposure, remain the cornerstones of human rabies prevention, the risk for rabies by the nonbite route (e. g., raccoon saliva on pet dogs' and cats' fur) should also be considered.

Full Text

The Full Text of this article is available as a PDF (359K).

Selected References

These references are in PubMed. This may not be the complete list of references from this article.
  • Jenkins SR, Winkler WG. Descriptive epidemiology from an epizootic of raccoon rabies in the Middle Atlantic States, 1982-1983. Am J Epidemiol. 1987 Sep;126(3):429–437. [PubMed]
  • Rupprecht CE, Smith JS, Fekadu M, Childs JE. The ascension of wildlife rabies: a cause for public health concern or intervention? Emerg Infect Dis. 1995 Oct-Dec;1(4):107–114. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Raccoon rabies epizootic--United States, 1993. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 1994 Apr 22;43(15):269–273. [PubMed]
  • Helmick CG. The epidemiology of human rabies postexposure prophylaxis, 1980-1981. JAMA. 1983 Oct 21;250(15):1990–1996. [PubMed]
  • Uhaa IJ, Dato VM, Sorhage FE, Beckley JW, Roscoe DE, Gorsky RD, Fishbein DB. Benefits and costs of using an orally absorbed vaccine to control rabies in raccoons. J Am Vet Med Assoc. 1992 Dec 15;201(12):1873–1882. [PubMed]
  • Martin RJ, Schnurrenberger PR, Rose NJ. Epidemiology of rabies vaccinations of persons in Illinois, 1967-68. Public Health Rep. 1969 Dec;84(12):1069–1077. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Currier RW, 2nd, McCroan JE, Dreesen DW, Winkler WG, Parker RL. Epidemiology of antirabies treatment in Georgia, 1967-71. Public Health Rep. 1975 Sep-Oct;90(5):435–439. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Winkler WG, Kappus KD. Human antirabies treatment in the United States, 1972. Public Health Rep. 1979 Mar-Apr;94(2):166–171. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Krebs JW, Strine TW, Smith JS, Noah DL, Rupprecht CE, Childs JE. Rabies surveillance in the United States during 1995. J Am Vet Med Assoc. 1996 Dec 15;209(12):2031–2044. [PubMed]

Articles from Emerging Infectious Diseases are provided here courtesy of Centers for Disease Control and Prevention