PMCCPMCCPMCC

Search tips
Search criteria 

Advanced

 
Logo of eidLink to Publisher's site
 
Emerg Infect Dis. 1998 Oct-Dec; 4(4): 539–550.
PMCID: PMC2640235
Diphtheria in the former Soviet Union: reemergence of a pandemic disease.
C. R. Vitek and M. Wharton
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA.
C. R. Vitek: cxv3/at/cdc.gov
Abstract
The massive reemergence of diphtheria in the Newly Independent States of the former Soviet Union marked the first large-scale diphtheria epidemic in industrialized countries in 3 decades. Factors contributing to the epidemic included a large population of susceptible adults; decreased childhood immunization, which compromised what had been a well-established childhood vaccination program; suboptimal socioeconomic conditions; and high population movement. The role of a change in the predominant circulating strains of Corynebacterium diphtheriae in this epidemic remains uncertain. Massive, well-coordinated international assistance and unprecedented efforts to vaccinate adults were needed to control the epidemic.
Full Text
The Full Text of this article is available as a PDF (117K).
Articles from Emerging Infectious Diseases are provided here courtesy of
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention